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# According to a commonly held archaeological theory, the Neanderthals

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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 52906
According to a commonly held archaeological theory, the Neanderthals  [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2019, 00:07
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

75% (01:48) correct 25% (02:50) wrong based on 92 sessions

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According to a commonly held archaeological theory, the Neanderthals of Europe, an archaic version of Homo sapiens, competed with and were eventually replaced by modern humans, with little or no interbreeding between the two populations. A rival theory, developed more recently, suggests that Neanderthals were more similar to modern humans than previously supposed—that, in fact, modern humans evolved from them and from other archaic versions of Homo sapiens.

Evidence that would strongly support the more recent theory concerning the relationship between Neanderthals and modern humans would be

A. DNA analyses indicating that modern humans appeared in Africa 200,000 years ago, before migrating to Europe and other continents

B. archaeological evidence that Neanderthals and modern humans developed similar cultures, shared stone tools, and performed similar burial rituals

C. skulls of early modern humans in central Europe that exhibit a bone near the mandibular nerve that is a typical Neanderthal characteristic

D. evidence that the stone tools of Neanderthals remained unchanged for thousands of years, while the tools of modern humans in Europe were more specialized

E. biological evidence that Neanderthals had unique physical traits that enabled them to survive ice-age temperatures in Europe

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Re: According to a commonly held archaeological theory, the Neanderthals  [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2019, 21:27
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Bunuel wrote:
According to a commonly held archaeological theory, the Neanderthals of Europe, an archaic version of Homo sapiens, competed with and were eventually replaced by modern humans, with little or no interbreeding between the two populations. A rival theory, developed more recently, suggests that Neanderthals were more similar to modern humans than previously supposed—that, in fact, modern humans evolved from them and from other archaic versions of Homo sapiens.

Evidence that would strongly support the more recent theory concerning the relationship between Neanderthals and modern humans would be
A. DNA analyses indicating that modern humans appeared in Africa 200,000 years ago, before migrating to Europe and other continents

B. archaeological evidence that Neanderthals and modern humans developed similar cultures, shared stone tools, and performed similar burial rituals

C. skulls of early modern humans in central Europe that exhibit a bone near the mandibular nerve that is a typical Neanderthal characteristic

D. evidence that the stone tools of Neanderthals remained unchanged for thousands of years, while the tools of modern humans in Europe were more specialized

E. biological evidence that Neanderthals had unique physical traits that enabled them to survive ice-age temperatures in Europe

support the more recent theory concerning the relationship between Neanderthals and modern humans
What was the recent theory
-> modern humans evolved from Neanderthals and from other archaic versions of Homo sapiens

Now we need to support that relationship, if we can find something common between two species, we should be good
A. DNA analyses indicating that modern humans appeared in Africa 200,000 years ago, before migrating to Europe and other continents

B. archaeological evidence that Neanderthals and modern humans developed similar cultures, shared stone tools, and performed similar burial rituals
MH developed similar cultures, shared stone tools, and performed similar burial rituals, this can just mean that they had same culture or they had a trade, this nowhere signifies that MH evolved from Neanderthals and other archaic versions of Homo sapiens -> Out

C. skulls of early modern humans in central Europe that exhibit a bone near the mandibular nerve that is a typical Neanderthal characteristic
This shows the relationship between Neanderthals and MH -> Correct

D. evidence that the stone tools of Neanderthals remained unchanged for thousands of years, while the tools of modern humans in Europe were more specialized

E. biological evidence that Neanderthals had unique physical traits that enabled them to survive ice-age temperatures in Europe
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Re: According to a commonly held archaeological theory, the Neanderthals   [#permalink] 18 Jan 2019, 21:27
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