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Re: According to one source, 11 percent of the population in France [#permalink]
Vyshak wrote:
kivalo wrote:
However, can someone help me with this as I think it interferes with my understanding of parallelism:
The reason I was also considering B, even though it uses 'compared to Germany', is that i also saw the possibility that it was using ellipsis:
11 percent of the population in France earns less annual income than the poverty line, compared to Germany, where just 8 percent of the population earns less annual income than the poverty line. (i replaced 'do so)
Can B be understood like this at all?


There is a clear comparison error in B as it compares the earnings with Germany. The clause 'where just 8 percent does' is providing more info about the place 'Germany' and is not actually helping us compare the earnings of A with earnings of B.


Thanks, now it looks obvious. 'compared to Germany' needs 'France' in the first part, period. Where is just a relative clause describing Germany so my previous modification of B was incorrect.
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According to one source, 11 percent of the population in France [#permalink]
Vyshak wrote:
According to one source, 11 percent of the population in France earns less annual income than the poverty line, while in Germany it is just 8 percent.

A) while in Germany it is just 8 percent
B) compared to Germany, where just 8 percent does
C) whereas just 8 percent of the population in Germany does
D) whereas just over 8 percent of the incomes less than the line is in Germany
E) compared with the incomes less than the poverty line in Germany, where it is just 8 percent


A) while in Germany it is just 8 percent
"it" refers to "11 percent of the population" so "it" is awkward

B) compared to Germany, where just 8 percent does
"compared to Germany" is wrong here. The main subject is about the percent of the population, not the nation

C) whereas just 8 percent of the population in Germany does
The correct answer as the one left.

D) whereas just over 8 percent of the incomes less than the line is in Germany
"just over 8 percent" changes the meaning of the sentence. Also, "8 percent of the incomes" cannot be compared to "11 percent of the population" since they are not in the same group.

E) compared with the incomes less than the poverty line in Germany, where it is just 8 percent
This choice is ambiguous. Which one is compared with the income in Germany?
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Re: According to one source, 11 percent of the population in France [#permalink]
here we are comparing 11 % population's income with 8% population's income of germany
so straight C
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Re: According to one source, 11 percent of the population in France [#permalink]
Vyshak
I agree on comparison part but can you please clarify does referring to population ?
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According to one source, 11 percent of the population in France [#permalink]
ehsan090 wrote:
Vyshak
I agree on comparison part but can you please clarify does referring to population ?


Its ellipsis:
.... 11 percent of the population in France earns less annual income than the poverty line, whereas just 8 percent of the population in Germany does [ earn less annual income than the poverty line]

The presence is understood because of perfect parallel structure as indicated above. "population" being a noun, we need a pronoun to refer it and "does" is not a pronoun.
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According to one source, 11 percent of the population in France [#permalink]
avik5503 wrote:
ehsan090 wrote:
Vyshak
I agree on comparison part but can you please clarify does referring to population ?


Its ellipsis:
.... 11 percent of the population in France earns less annual income than the poverty line, whereas just 8 percent of the population in Germany does [ earn less annual income than the poverty line]

The presence is understood because of perfect parallel structure as indicated above. "population" being a noun, we need a pronoun to refer it and "does" is not a pronoun.


Thanks for your prompt response, appreciated :)
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Re: According to one source, 11 percent of the population in France [#permalink]
Expert Reply
Vyshak wrote:
According to one source, 11 percent of the population in France earns less annual income than the poverty line, while in Germany it is just 8 percent.

A) while in Germany it is just 8 percent

B) compared to Germany, where just 8 percent does

C) whereas just 8 percent of the population in Germany does

D) whereas just over 8 percent of the incomes less than the line is in Germany

E) compared with the incomes less than the poverty line in Germany, where it is just 8 percent


Official Explanation



Creating a filter: the original sentence features a comparison and a pronoun. We can start with the pronoun "it," which does not have a proper reference. Grammatically, "it" could stand for 11 percent of the population in France, annual income, or the poverty line, so it's ambiguous -- and none of the options make sense. Choice (A) is out. We'll look for a solution to the pronoun issue, while evaluating the comparison.

Applying the filter: choice (B) has a bad comparison; nothing preceding the comma -- for example, 11 percent -- is logically comparable to "Germany." Choice (C) might be right. Choice (D) conveys a strange meaning; it's not talking about the percentage in Germany in poverty, but rather the percentage of the poor in Germany. Choice (E) is a mishmash of previously identified problems.

The correct answer is (C).
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Re: According to one source, 11 percent of the population in France [#permalink]
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