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# After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein

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After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2013, 03:58
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55% (hard)

Question Stats:

47% (01:49) correct 53% (01:04) wrong based on 334 sessions

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After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

a.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
b.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed
c.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed
d.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing
e.attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: SC 700-800 level Source: MGM [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2013, 06:12
Guys need and explanation on why "c" is wrong here?
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Re: SC 700-800 level Source: MGM [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2013, 07:11
Disclaimer : I got the above question wrong, but I can tell you why Option C is not correct.

c.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed

The "he" is not required here, and it causes option C to be wrong.

I however chose option D but I can see how Option A is better with parallelism. Thank you for posting this question!
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Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2013, 10:17
sayansarkar wrote:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

a.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
b.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed
c.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed
d.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing
e.attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing

Aside answer choice A all the others lack of parallellism.

Hope this helps you

PS: is not a 700 level. Maybe 600
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Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2013, 12:26
Dealing with list of actions Einstein performed, and hence all the 3 must be parallel. In the non underline portion of the sentence, we have "Moving", hence the correct usage of the other 3 verbs must be in -ing form.

IMO it is A.
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Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2013, 12:32
Hey guys thanks for solving the problem. You are right Vishnu the "he developed" changes the meaning

Also ",and" is wrong - as pointed out by Carcass

I was hasty and did not check for the availability of this particular question and solution - sry for that.

I searched for the original post after Carcass PMed me and it has similar explanation.

@carcass - The review screen of MGM cat showed this question at a level of 700, so took it on its face value :D
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After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2014, 12:56
1
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I believe answer choices A and B are very close...

However, answer choice B is not grammatically incorrect. It just changes the original meaning of the sentence.

After moving to Switzerland, Einstein attended a school in Zurich. There, he did 2 things:
a- received in-depth training in quantitative analysis and
b- developed a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.
These 2 things are consequences of Einstein attending that school in Zurich.

This makes sense. This answer is correct grammatically.

After moving to Switzerland, Einstein did 2 things:
1- he attended a school in Zurich. There, he received in-depth training in quantitative analysis (the ING Modifier "receiving in-depth training..." modifies "attended the Swiss Federal...")
2- developed a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.
This means that the foundation for his future work was not developed as a consequence of attending the school in Zurich but was indeed developed after moving to Switzerland.

This also makes sense and it is correct grammatically.

So, how you tell the difference?
1- You know the biography of Einstein cold (not required for the GMAT)
2- You refer to the intended meaning of the original sentence. In other words, answer choice A states the correct sequence of events. Answer choice B states a slightly different scenario and thus distorts the intended original meaning.

Kudos if it helped
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Last edited by minwoswoh on 24 Dec 2014, 09:16, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2014, 11:55
carcass wrote:
sayansarkar wrote:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

a.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
b.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed
c.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed
d.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing
e.attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing

Aside answer choice A all the others lack of parallellism.

Hope this helps you

PS: is not a 700 level. Maybe 600

If in B, there had been a coma before developed would that have been correct? I thought developed was parallel with attended.

Thanks!
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Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2014, 22:51
IMO there should be a comma before and in B.
received in-depth training in quantitative analysis (CAUSE 1), EFFECT, and (CAUSE 2)

minwoswoh wrote:
I believe answer choices A and B are very close...

However, [b]answer choice B is not grammatically incorrect[/b]. It just changes the original meaning of the sentence.

After moving to Switzerland, Einstein attended a school in Zurich. There, he did 2 things:
a- received in-depth training in quantitative analysis and
b- developed a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.
These 2 things are consequences of Einstein attending that school in Zurich.

This makes sense. This answer is correct grammatically.

After moving to Switzerland, Einstein did 2 things:
1- he attended a school in Zurich. There, he received in-depth training in quantitative analysis (the ING Modifier "receiving in-depth training..." modifies "attended the Swiss Federal...")
2- developed a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.
This means that the foundation for his future work was not developed as a consequence of attending the school in Zurich but was indeed developed after moving to Switzerland.

This also makes sense and it is correct grammatically.

So, how you tell the difference?
1- You know the biography of Einstein cold (not required for the GMAT)
2- You refer to the intended meaning of the original sentence. In other words, answer choice A states the correct sequence of events. Answer choice B states a slightly different scenario and thus distorts the intended original meaning.

Kudos if it helped

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Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2016, 07:06
sayansarkar wrote:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

a.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
b.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed
c.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed
d.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing
e.attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing

Only A makes perfect sense here...
he attended Uni, and as a result, he received training + developed...

B is incorrect, as it puts attended and developed on the same level of timing. + improperly connected.
C this one has few errors. it should either be A, B, and C, or present all 3 elements as clauses. Nonetheless, it makes the same error as B does, putting everything on the same level on timeline.
D improperly connected the first modifier.
E classic no verb error

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Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2016, 07:47
sayansarkar wrote:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

a.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing
b.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed
c.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed
d.attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing
e.attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing

X attended Uni and did something and something. The most suitable is C. How we can say in present something did in Past?
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Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2016, 23:22
sukeshap, C breaks parallelism: Einstein attended school, received training, and he developed a foundation. We can have just one subject, or we can have a subject for all the verbs, but we can't mix and match!

"Receiving and training" in A serves as a modifier. Those are not present tense verbs. In fact, they're not verbs at all! They are present participles, and this use of present participles as modifiers is extremely common.

1) She dominated the Olympics, earning top scores in every event.
2) A rumor circulating when I was in school was that Pop Rocks and Coke together could kill you.

In both the above cases, we're talking about the past, but the present participles serves as a modifier. In 1), "earning top scores" is an adverbial modifier that adds information to the previous clause. In 2), "circulating" is a noun modifier describing "rumor." This modifier is in turn modified by "when I was in school." Neither of these "-ing" words is a verb, so we don't have to worry about a clash of tenses.
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Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein   [#permalink] 29 Sep 2016, 23:22
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