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Analyst: The Mayor’s petition to revise existing pension systems has r

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Analyst: The Mayor’s petition to revise existing pension systems has r [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2017, 04:41
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Analyst: The Mayor’s petition to revise existing pension systems has raised a significant amount of protest from the city’s labor unions, whose leaders fear that the revision will lead to reduced pensions for retired workers, citing as evidence the fact that the pay scales of government workers are often reduced when the economy experiences a downturn. However, in this case, the union leaders’ fears are baseless since the pension amounts have already been guaranteed to government workers.

The analyst’s argument depends on which of the following assumptions?

A. Some benefits for government employees will continue regardless of the actual amount of pension that is paid to them
B. The union leaders’ protests are a result of expectations from pensioners that their interests will be protected by the labor unions.
C. A current economic downturn is the reason for the Mayor’s decision to revise the city’s existing pension system.
D. The pay scales of government workers that are reduced in times of economic downturns are not already guaranteed by the government.
E. Revisions of pension systems have not led to disadvantages for pensioners in the past.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Analyst: The Mayor’s petition to revise existing pension systems has r [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2017, 05:38
Option D

If we say the "pay scale were guaranteed" then the conclusion of the argument will fall since, the argument bases its assumption on " Pension amount is guaranteed".

Experts ! OA Please !

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Re: Analyst: The Mayor’s petition to revise existing pension systems has r [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2017, 11:03
Let's breakdown the stimulus before moving to the answer choices:

Premise: The Mayor’s petition to revise existing pension systems has raised a significant amount of protest from the city’s labor unions, whose leaders fear that the revision will lead to reduced pensions for retired workers, citing as evidence the fact that the pay scales of government workers are often reduced when the economy experiences a downturn.

Conclusion: However, in this case, the union leaders’ fears are baseless since the pension amounts have already been guaranteed to government workers.

Understanding: Leaders feel that, since in the past when the economy was down and the revised pension plans meant less pension, they will get a reduced pension. The assumption here is that the economy is in a downturn. Next, the author says this is baseless because pensions have already been guaranteed to the government officers. Note that government officers is suddenly mentioned in the conclusion. We should hence look for a supporter assumption. Let's prephase while we're at it.

So basically if during the economic downturns the government did not guarantee pension amounts then that would properly support the and link the premise with the conclusion. So, the leaders essentially need not worry since government officers are guaranteed their pensions.

Answer options:

A. Some benefits for government employees will continue regardless of the actual amount of pension that is paid to them - benefits is not really relevant in this argument. Increase or decrease in pension is.
B. The union leaders’ protests are a result of expectations from pensioners that their interests will be protected by the labor unions. - Irrelevant. Does not support the conclusion at all.
C. A current economic downturn is the reason for the Mayor’s decision to revise the city’s existing pension system. Incorrect. Shell Game answer. Essentially, just tries to put your focus on the economic downturn causing the mayor to revise the pension plans. But we're talking about government workers and how the pension (leaders) is connected to the government guaranteeing their (govt workers) pension
D. The pay scales of government workers that are reduced in times of economic downturns are not already guaranteed by the government. - Correct. Reason- according to prephase.
E. Revisions of pension systems have not led to disadvantages for pensioners in the past. - Irrelevant. Needs to talk about government workers.

Hence, D

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Re: Analyst: The Mayor’s petition to revise existing pension systems has r [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2017, 22:47
A. Some benefits for government employees will continue regardless of the actual amount of pension that is paid to them
"some benefits" is not an issue here. Irrelevant
B. The union leaders’ protests are a result of expectations from pensioners that their interests will be protected by the labor unions.
This is not the assumption made by analyst. Irrelevant
C. A current economic downturn is the reason for the Mayor’s decision to revise the city’s existing pension system.
The conclusion by Analyst that the workers fear are baseless does not assume this. This is cited by the workers
D. The pay scales of government workers that are reduced in times of economic downturns are not already guaranteed by the government.
okay. The analyst cites that the amount is guaranteed so the workers fear are baseless. What if in past the payscales of the gov workers were reduced and were also guaranteed ? In that case , the workers fear are not baseless and conclusion breaks down.
E. Revisions of pension systems have not led to disadvantages for pensioners in the past.
Irrelevant. "Pensioners / disadvantages"

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Re: Analyst: The Mayor’s petition to revise existing pension systems has r [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2017, 03:29
IMO D

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Re: Analyst: The Mayor’s petition to revise existing pension systems has r   [#permalink] 14 Sep 2017, 03:29
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