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# As a result of medical advances, many people that might at

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VP
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 1152
As a result of medical advances, many people that might at  [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2010, 16:17
1
9
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (00:49) correct 39% (01:02) wrong based on 231 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.
(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died

"that" can refer to people or things. Why is "who" required here?

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Manager
Joined: 01 Oct 2010
Posts: 65

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03 Oct 2010, 16:29
good question. I tried to answer, but chose incorrect choice.

I would appreciate if someone can explain the answer.
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Manager
Joined: 29 Aug 2010
Posts: 153
Schools: Wharton/Lauder - Class of 2013
WE 1: Project Management, Telecommunications

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03 Oct 2010, 16:39
1
According to MGMAT, that cannot refer to people.
Manager
Joined: 20 Jul 2010
Posts: 213

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03 Oct 2010, 19:11
Good question. I narrowed down to many people who...but then I selected E.

After reading answer I am guessing that using children in this context is incorrect. In their childhood makes more sense. I will wait for expeerts to reply more
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Manager
Joined: 13 Aug 2010
Posts: 151

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04 Oct 2010, 00:15
narrowed down to B and E, B seems awkward as 'who once might have died' so E is correct.
VP
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 1152

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04 Oct 2010, 07:27
redjam wrote:
According to MGMAT, that cannot refer to people.

RedJam,

Can you please point me to the relevant topic/section in MGMAT SC book? Thanks.
VP
Joined: 03 Apr 2007
Posts: 1152

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04 Oct 2010, 07:47
2
jb2010 wrote:
good question. I tried to answer, but chose incorrect choice.

I would appreciate if someone can explain the answer.

Ok JB, I think I understand this SC now.

I just confirmed my understanding about "that" was incorrect. "That" cannot refer to people.
So we are left with ACs B,D and E.

(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
>>> implies the people actually died when they were children.
The SC means to say the people who might have died of these infections are now alive because of the medical blah blah.

(E)As a result of medical advances, many people who, when they were children, might at one time have died
of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.
>>> I think this AC changes the meaning of the SC as well.

B is left.

This could very well be a IIlism question.

As a result of medical advances, many people who might once have died in childhood
of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.

Hope this helps

-Goalsnr
Manager
Joined: 08 Sep 2010
Posts: 170
Location: India
WE 1: 6 Year, Telecom(GSM)

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05 Oct 2010, 22:12
Got it right .Thanks for the post.
Manager
Joined: 29 Aug 2010
Posts: 153
Schools: Wharton/Lauder - Class of 2013
WE 1: Project Management, Telecommunications

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08 Oct 2010, 06:47
goalsnr wrote:
redjam wrote:
According to MGMAT, that cannot refer to people.

RedJam,

Can you please point me to the relevant topic/section in MGMAT SC book? Thanks.

I think it's the Modifier section where it discusses relative clauses. I don't have the book in front of me right now otherwise I would provide the page number. PM me if you can't find it.
Manager
Joined: 02 Oct 2010
Posts: 98

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03 Jan 2011, 12:51
goalsnr wrote:
jb2010 wrote:
good question. I tried to answer, but chose incorrect choice.

I would appreciate if someone can explain the answer.

Ok JB, I think I understand this SC now.

I just confirmed my understanding about "that" was incorrect. "That" cannot refer to people.
So we are left with ACs B,D and E.

(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
>>> implies the people actually died when they were children.
The SC means to say the people who might have died of these infections are now alive because of the medical blah blah.

(E)As a result of medical advances, many people who, when they were children, might at one time have died
of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.
>>> I think this AC changes the meaning of the SC as well.

B is left.

This could very well be a IIlism question.

As a result of medical advances, many people who might once have died in childhood
of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.

Hope this helps

-Goalsnr

Good explanation..
Director
Joined: 02 Sep 2016
Posts: 678
Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at  [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2017, 04:03
1
goalsnr wrote:
As a result of medical advances, many people that might at one time have died as children of such infections as diphtheria, pneumonia, or rheumatic fever now live well into old age.
(A) that might at one time have died as children
(B) who might once have died in childhood
(C) that as children might once have died
(D) who in childhood might have at one time died
(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died

"that" can refer to people or things. Why is "who" required here?

Meaning the sentence wants to convey is:
People who might have once died as children because of several infections, now live well into old age because of medical advances.

As a result of medical advances modifies people.
'THAT' is a relative pronoun and refers to things (nouns) but it cannot be used to refer to a person.

Choices A and C are out based on this logic.

Choices B, D, and E convey different meaning.

(B) who might once have died in childhood (CORRECT CHOICE: it correctly coneys the intended meaning).

(D) who in childhood might have at one time died

This choice presents an illogical meaning that is not possible. It says that people who might have AT ONE TIME died, now live well ......They died and again born and now live well into old age. MAKES SENSE? We have not advanced that much.

(E) who, when they were children, might at one time have died
Same is the case with this choice. Also it is wordy- 'when they were children' not required here. It can be explained in very concise manner.

--== Message from the GMAT Club Team ==--

THERE IS LIKELY A BETTER DISCUSSION OF THIS EXACT QUESTION.
This discussion does not meet community quality standards. It has been retired.

If you would like to discuss this question please re-post it in the respective forum. Thank you!

To review the GMAT Club's Forums Posting Guidelines, please follow these links: Quantitative | Verbal Please note - we may remove posts that do not follow our posting guidelines. Thank you.
Re: As a result of medical advances, many people that might at &nbs [#permalink] 11 Jan 2017, 04:03
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