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# Before the managers started using word processors and graphic represen

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Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2858
Before the managers started using word processors and graphic represen  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 11 Aug 2018, 14:11
1
6
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

82% (01:14) correct 18% (01:20) wrong based on 526 sessions

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This question is the first practice problem in the 4th series of Meaning based problems. Correct and best explanation will get a Kudos from us and a free subscription for 1 month to ourOG Verbal 2 solutions for Sentence Correction. OG Verbal 2 solutions contain solutions to all SC questions using e-GMAT 3 step process- amounting to 14 hrs of audio visual content.

Before the managers started using word processors and graphic representation tools, advertisements designed by in house calligraphers.

A. the managers started using word processors and graphic representation tools, advertisements designed by in house calligraphers.
B. using word processors and graphic representation tools, managers had to get in house calligraphers to design advertisements.
C. the managers started using word processors and graphic representation tools, advertisements were designed by in house calligraphers.
D. the managers had started to use word processors and graphic representation tools, they had to get in house calligraphers to design advertisements.
E. the use of word processors and graphic representation tools started, advertisements had to be designed by in house calligraphers.

We will provide the official answer in a couple of hrs.

Also Check out 5 strategies that GMAT uses to distort the meaning of the original sentence
http://gmatclub.com/forum/5-strategies- ... 24296.html

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Originally posted by egmat on 03 Jan 2012, 11:12.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Aug 2018, 14:11, edited 4 times in total.
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Re: Before the managers started using word processors and graphic represen  [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2012, 05:56
Intern
Joined: 04 Jan 2012
Posts: 7
Re: Before the managers started using word processors and graphic represen  [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2012, 09:15
C

With before, a simple past tense is sufficient
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Re: Before the managers started using word processors and graphic represen  [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2012, 14:40
4
Since no one provided detailed analysis for this question, we will not offer award for this question.

Quote:
egmat wrote:
Before the managers started using word processors and graphic representation tools, advertisements designed by in house calligraphers.
A. the managers started using word processors and graphic representation tools, advertisements designed by in house calligraphers.
B. using word processors and graphic representation tools, managers had to get in house calligraphers to design advertisements.
C. the managers started using word processors and graphic representation tools, advertisements were designed by in house calligraphers.
D. the managers had started to use word processors and graphic representation tools, they had to get in house calligraphers to design advertisements.
E. the use of word processors and graphic representation tools started, advertisements had to be designed by in house calligraphers.

Here is the official explanation for this question:

Understand the Meaning of the Original Sentence

This sentence does not communicate complete meaning. Presence of word “before” indicates that sequencing of two events has been presented. The latter event is – managers started using word processors and graphic representation tools. The earlier event is not clearly specified. The noun – advertisements does not have any verb. This part simply indicates that advertisements were designed by in house calligraphers, but the lack of verb for the noun – advertisements – leaves the reader with only partial meaning.

Find the Errors in the Original Sentence

1. Before the managers started using word processors and graphic representation tools, advertisements designed by in house calligraphers.
This sentence does not contain an independent clause. The presence of word “before” makes this a dependent clause. Also, the role of “advertisements designed…” is not clear. The way this part is positioned, it appears as though this “noun + noun modifier” modifies certain aspect of the preceding clause. But logically this modification does not make sense. Both these errors can be corrected if “designed by in…” is converted into a verb by saying “were designed”.

Choice B – Grammatically correct but incorrect. This choice adds information about who got calligraphers to design ads. The original sentence only indicates that the advertisements were designed by in-house calligraphers.

Choice C – Correct. This choice converts the modifier – advertisements designed…- in a clause. Now the sentence has an independent clause. Also, the intended meaning is preserved.

Choice D – This choice distorts the intended sequencing of actions. The later action – “started using” has now been written in past perfect tense – the tense that is used to denote earlier of two actions in the past tense. This choice also repeats the error in Choice B by adding the information about who got the in-house calligraphers to design advertisements.

Choice E – Grammatically Correct but incorrect- This choice omits information that is present in the original sentence. There is no mention of who has started using the word processors and the graphic representation tools.

TAKE AWAYS

1. Always understand the intended meaning of the original sentence.
2. It is very important to note ALL the information present in the sentence.
3. The correct choice should communicate ALL that information – no more and no less – in a grammatically correct manner.
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Re: Before the managers started using word processors and graphic represen  [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2012, 20:13
Should a perfect tense not be used in this as there are two events, one following the other?
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Re: Before the managers started using word processors and graphic represen  [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2012, 22:36
1
The second part of the sentence(which is the mail clause) doesnt contain any verb..
To correct this we need to add the simple past verb which is WERE...

Hence C is the correct answer

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Re: Before the managers started using word processors and graphic represen  [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2014, 08:41
arps wrote:
Should a perfect tense not be used in this as there are two events, one following the other?

Sentence uses "before" - so it clearly mentions the timeline sequence. In such cases pas perfect use is optional
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Re: Before the managers started using word processors and graphic represen  [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2018, 09:29
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Before the managers started using word processors and graphic represen   [#permalink] 11 Aug 2018, 09:29
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