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# Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,

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Manager
Joined: 17 May 2017
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Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2017, 20:52
4
22
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

50% (01:15) correct 50% (01:17) wrong based on 775 sessions

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Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, it is particularly challenging for recent college graduates, who often suffer anxiety and depression if they cannot find a job within one year after graduating.

(A) Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, it

(B) Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone, but psychologists say that it

(C) Unemployment can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, that it is

(D) Unemployment can be difficult for anyone but psychologists say it is

(E) Unemployment, which can be difficult for anyone, psychologists say is
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Joined: 22 Sep 2016
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Re: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2017, 23:33
haardiksharma wrote:
Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, it is particularly challenging for recent college graduates, who often suffer anxiety and depression if they cannot find a job within one year after graduating.

a) Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, it

===> fragment error

b) Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone, but psychologists say that it

===> the meaning is clear and but is correctly use to join two independents clause ( comma + FANBOYS )

c) Unemployment can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, that it is

===>same error as A

d) Unemployment can be difficult for anyone but psychologists say it is

====>incorrectly use of but to join two independents clauses , the way but is use here match parallel construction. Per the intended meaning, it is not the case.

e) Unemployment, which can be difficult for anyone, psychologists say is

====>1. wordy, which is unnecessary
2. Unemployment doesn't have a verb

My two cents

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Re: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2017, 03:03
haardiksharma wrote:
Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, it is particularly challenging for recent college graduates, who often suffer anxiety and depression if they cannot find a job within one year after graduating.

a) Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, it
b) Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone, but psychologists say that it
c) Unemployment can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, that it is
d) Unemployment can be difficult for anyone but psychologists say it is
e) Unemployment, which can be difficult for anyone, psychologists say is

The answer is B

This question is particularly tricky as it uses being correctly in the original sentence .
There is also a question whether to use that .
Being here is absolute correct and to report a something said by a third person we need that .
That also removes ambiguity from the sentence .
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Re: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2017, 04:35
Don't 1 and 2 imply that 'to be unemployed is difficult',as though this quality is desirable!?
What is wrong with Option C?
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Joined: 26 May 2017
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Re: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2017, 16:42
Original sentence implies "being employed in difficult". So options c, d and e can be eliminated as they are distorting the meaning. Option a uses comma before but which is incorrect.
So ans is b.

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Director
Joined: 20 Sep 2016
Posts: 551
Re: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2017, 21:02
1
1

" Psychologists say " should be followed by " that " with respect to the reported speech. As there is no dialogue in the sentence it should be followed by " that "

" Being unemployed " stresses the main issue more than "unemployment" as "being unemployed" signifies the state rather than an issue.

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Re: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2017, 23:47
b)

a,b better than c,d,e
"Being unemployed" == man's state
"Unemployment" == social event

b better than a
"psychologists say X" X is an object that must follow verb "say".
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Re: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2017, 07:08
arvind910619 wrote:
haardiksharma wrote:
Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, it is particularly challenging for recent college graduates, who often suffer anxiety and depression if they cannot find a job within one year after graduating.

a) Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, it
b) Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone, but psychologists say that it
c) Unemployment can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, that it is
d) Unemployment can be difficult for anyone but psychologists say it is
e) Unemployment, which can be difficult for anyone, psychologists say is

The answer is B

This question is particularly tricky as it uses being correctly in the original sentence .
There is also a question whether to use that .
Being here is absolute correct and to report a something said by a third person we need that .
That also removes ambiguity from the sentence .

haardiksharma

as far as i remember,,,,after SAID/SAY the gmat does not use that,,,, happen to read this in MGMAT guide....
confused here too
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Re: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2017, 13:04
I'm a little confused.

In answer B, how can "it" refer to "being unemployed"? I thought that it can only refer to a noun, and I don't quite understand how being unemployed can be a noun.

Thanks
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Re: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2017, 19:57
2
haardiksharma wrote:
Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, it is particularly challenging for recent college graduates, who often suffer anxiety and depression if they cannot find a job within one year after graduating.

(A) Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, it

(B) Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone, but psychologists say that it

(C) Unemployment can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, that it is

(D) Unemployment can be difficult for anyone but psychologists say it is

(E) Unemployment, which can be difficult for anyone, psychologists say is

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

The primary difficulty in this problem is simply figuring out the core components that are being put together.

While many students learn to avoid the word "being" in GMAT SC answer choices, it is absolutely fine in (A) and (B).

The choice between "Being unemployed" and "Unemployment" is a classic false decision point, as both would be correct.

The other major difference is the location (or lack of) commas in the middle of each choice.

With a closer analysis, you can see the core parts of the sentence: two independent clauses linked with "but".

"Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone, BUT it is particularly hard for certain people" Only (B) gets this right.

In (A) and (C), the comma is after the "but" so the two independent clauses are not properly linked.

In (D) there is no comma at all and (E) creates an incoherent structure: Unemployment...psychologists say...

Correct answer is (B).
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Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2017, 21:19
I have a question regarding the answer choices.Is the "IS" in answer choices C,D and E given intentionally or is it a typo.If the IS has been put there to misguide people for a double verb trap then it is a very average question.
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Re: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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08 Nov 2017, 19:35
IMO B

The choice is between A and B. We require 'that', so B wins.
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Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2017, 00:50
1
B

(A) Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, it -- comma incorrectly places before but and after say

(B) Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone, but psychologists say that it

(C) Unemployment can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, that it is - repeat

(D) Unemployment can be difficult for anyone but psychologists say it is - repeat

(E) Unemployment, which can be difficult for anyone, psychologists say is - repeat
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Re: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2018, 19:09
Can pronouns ('it' in this case) refer to a state of being/feeling (i.e. being unemployed)? Also, is 'being unemployed' a verb in this example?

Can you please provide another example of a pronoun referring back to a feeling/emotion if below is incorrect?
Being sad, it makes my heart hurt.
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Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2018, 08:00
mrdlee23 wrote:
Can pronouns ('it' in this case) refer to a state of being/feeling (i.e. being unemployed)? Also, is 'being unemployed' a verb in this example?

Can you please provide another example of a pronoun referring back to a feeling/emotion if below is incorrect?
Being sad, it makes my heart hurt.

A pronoun, by befinition, refers to a noun, and a gerund, by definition, is a noun. Hence a pronoun can have a gerund as an antecedent. "Being unemployed" is a gerund (a noun) and hence it is alright to use a pronoun to refer to it. ("Being unemployed" is not a feeling though, as you mentioned.)

Another example:
Swimming is a good exercise, because it induces rhythmic breathing.

Your example is not correct, because in your case "being sad" is a present participle, not a gerund. However the following would be correct:

Being sad is not what I would prefer, because it makes my heart hurt. .............Here "being sad" is a gerund and "it" correctly refers to "being sad".)
It is important to identify the difference between a gerund and a present participle (both -ing forms).
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Re: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2018, 20:00
haardiksharma wrote:
Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, it is particularly challenging for recent college graduates, who often suffer anxiety and depression if they cannot find a job within one year after graduating.

(A) Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, it

(B) Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone, but psychologists say that it

(C) Unemployment can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, that it is

(D) Unemployment can be difficult for anyone but psychologists say it is

(E) Unemployment, which can be difficult for anyone, psychologists say is

the question is related to FANBOYS and usage is correct in option B
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Re: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2018, 01:56
Can someone explain why E is an incoherent structure?
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Re: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,  [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2018, 08:48
Being unemployed -- Being is referring to the state of being. so its not redundant here.

Hence, we cannot split on Being unemployed and unemployment as both are correct

Hence B is the only viable option based on commas and idiomatic expression X(Singular) says that ... / X(plural) say that
Re: Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say, &nbs [#permalink] 21 Jul 2018, 08:48
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# Being unemployed can be difficult for anyone but, psychologists say,

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