GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 19 Oct 2019, 20:43

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the Fre

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 26 Mar 2015
Posts: 18
GPA: 3.22
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the Fre  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Apr 2016, 10:54
4
17
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

46% (01:33) correct 54% (01:28) wrong based on 434 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the French that considered their colonies part of France itself, the English regarded their territories abroad as separate entities.


A. Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the French that considered

B. Similar to England, France was a major colonial power, and whereas the French considered

C. England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the French considering

D. Like England, France was a major colonial power too, and whereas the French consider

E. Like England, France was a major colonial power, but whereas the French considered
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
S
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1564
Re: Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the Fre  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Apr 2016, 13:46
6
2
We need the word "but" to contrast the first part of the sentence (which describes a similarity) with the second part (which describes a difference). B and D are out.

A is wrong because we don't want to compare the English to "the French that considered their colonies part of France itself." We want to compare the English to the French. If we changed "that" to "who," and used a comma to separate, we would have a non-essential modifier and the sentence would be just fine. (" . . . but unlike the French, who considered . . . itself, the English . . . )

C is out because we don't want to compare the English to "the French considering . . . " Again, this kind of essential, or restrictive modifier, adds to the noun to make a more specific comparison. For instance, if I say "People considering an mba should study for the GMAT," I'm talking only about people who are considering an mba, not people in general.

That leaves E, which is the only choice that compares the countries correctly and contrasts the two clauses with "but."
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan Prep GMAT Instructor | San Diego


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews
General Discussion
Board of Directors
User avatar
D
Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 4774
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
WE: Business Development (Commercial Banking)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the Fre  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Apr 2016, 11:22
mayankgupta01 wrote:
Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the French that considered their colonies part of France itself, the English regarded their territories abroad as separate entities.


Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the French that considered
Similar to England, France was a major colonial power, and whereas the French considered
England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the French considering
Like England, France was a major colonial power too, and whereas the French consider
Like England, France was a major colonial power, but whereas the French considered


Answer will be (E) because it uses correct idiomatic form -

1. Like x , y

2. Consider x, y


Further (E) has maintains parallelism

Like England, France was a major colonial power, but whereas the French considered their colonies part of France itself, the English regarded their territories abroad as separate entities.
_________________
Thanks and Regards

Abhishek....

PLEASE FOLLOW THE RULES FOR POSTING IN QA AND VA FORUM AND USE SEARCH FUNCTION BEFORE POSTING NEW QUESTIONS

How to use Search Function in GMAT Club | Rules for Posting in QA forum | Writing Mathematical Formulas |Rules for Posting in VA forum | Request Expert's Reply ( VA Forum Only )
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 01 Mar 2014
Posts: 108
Schools: Tepper '18
Re: Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the Fre  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 May 2016, 08:55
DmitryFarber wrote:
We need the word "but" to contrast the first part of the sentence (which describes a similarity) with the second part (which describes a difference). B and D are out.

A is wrong because we don't want to compare the English to "the French that considered their colonies part of France itself." We want to compare the English to the French. If we changed "that" to "who," and used a comma to separate, we would have a non-essential modifier and the sentence would be just fine. (" . . . but unlike the French, who considered . . . itself, the English . . . )

C is out because we don't want to compare the English to "the French considering . . . " Again, this kind of essential, or restrictive modifier, adds to the noun to make a more specific comparison. For instance, if I say "People considering an mba should study for the GMAT," I'm talking only about people who are considering an mba, not people in general.

That leaves E, which is the only choice that compares the countries correctly and contrasts the two clauses with "but."



I eliminated A just because i felt 'who' should be used to describe French (people) and 'that' here is incorrect. Also 'that' acts as a restrictive clause which does not make sense here. - is this reasoning correct?

Can you please also explain how using 'that' shifts the comparison from between 'French and English' to between 'English to "the French that considered their colonies part of France"'?

Thank you.!
Director
Director
avatar
S
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 713
Re: Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the Fre  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 May 2016, 01:14
1
thouch i choose e, i think both c and e are correct.

we need full explanation of c because this is not official.
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
S
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1564
Re: Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the Fre  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 May 2016, 00:04
2
1
thangvietnam MeghaP

Both of your concerns touch on the same issue. The idea is that we are comparing the English and French. Both "that considered" in choice A and "considering" in choice C create essential noun modifiers that change the noun in question from just to French to a particular subset of the French: those who considered their colonies part of France itself.

Consider the differences among these sentences:
Unlike humans breathing air, fish extract oxygen from the water.
Unlike humans who breathe air, fish extract oxygen from the water.
Unlike humans, who breathe air, fish extract oxygen from the water.

In the first two examples, we narrow down humans to a subset: those who breathe air. This is silly, since of course all humans breathe air. We want to compare fish to all humans. Only the third sentence, which uses commas to set off its non-essential modifier (as I am doing right now), correctly compares humans (as opposed to a subset of humans) to fish.
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan Prep GMAT Instructor | San Diego


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 01 Mar 2014
Posts: 108
Schools: Tepper '18
Re: Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the Fre  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 May 2016, 01:13
DmitryFarber wrote:
thangvietnam MeghaP

Both of your concerns touch on the same issue. The idea is that we are comparing the English and French. Both "that considered" in choice A and "considering" in choice C create essential noun modifiers that change the noun in question from just to French to a particular subset of the French: those who considered their colonies part of France itself.

Consider the differences among these sentences:
Unlike humans breathing air, fish extract oxygen from the water.
Unlike humans who breathe air, fish extract oxygen from the water.
Unlike humans, who breathe air, fish extract oxygen from the water.

In the first two examples, we narrow down humans to a subset: those who breathe air. This is silly, since of course all humans breathe air. We want to compare fish to all humans. Only the third sentence, which uses commas to set off its non-essential modifier (as I am doing right now), correctly compares humans (as opposed to a subset of humans) to fish.


Crystal clear. Thank you for the great explanation.!
Director
Director
avatar
S
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 713
Re: Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the Fre  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Jun 2016, 02:59
1
DmitryFarber wrote:
thangvietnam MeghaP

Both of your concerns touch on the same issue. The idea is that we are comparing the English and French. Both "that considered" in choice A and "considering" in choice C create essential noun modifiers that change the noun in question from just to French to a particular subset of the French: those who considered their colonies part of France itself.

Consider the differences among these sentences:
Unlike humans breathing air, fish extract oxygen from the water.
Unlike humans who breathe air, fish extract oxygen from the water.
Unlike humans, who breathe air, fish extract oxygen from the water.

In the first two examples, we narrow down humans to a subset: those who breathe air. This is silly, since of course all humans breathe air. We want to compare fish to all humans. Only the third sentence, which uses commas to set off its non-essential modifier (as I am doing right now), correctly compares humans (as opposed to a subset of humans) to fish.



this is great explanation
but. on gmat official question, we never meet a question which test difference between restricted and non restricted ralative clause.

so, this question is out of scope gmat test?

is that right?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 01 Jun 2015
Posts: 207
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, International Business
GMAT 1: 620 Q48 V26
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the Fre  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Jun 2016, 06:21
DmitryFarber wrote:
We need the word "but" to contrast the first part of the sentence (which describes a similarity) with the second part (which describes a difference). B and D are out.

A is wrong because we don't want to compare the English to "the French that considered their colonies part of France itself." We want to compare the English to the French. If we changed "that" to "who," and used a comma to separate, we would have a non-essential modifier and the sentence would be just fine. (" . . . but unlike the French, who considered . . . itself, the English . . . )

C is out because we don't want to compare the English to "the French considering . . . " Again, this kind of essential, or restrictive modifier, adds to the noun to make a more specific comparison. For instance, if I say "People considering an mba should study for the GMAT," I'm talking only about people who are considering an mba, not people in general.

That leaves E, which is the only choice that compares the countries correctly and contrasts the two clauses with "but."


Sir,
In answer choice A, French means french people,and as GMAT doesn't allow "that" referring to people,can we eliminate A on that basis?
Retired Moderator
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2861
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the Fre  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jun 2016, 14:35
techiesam wrote:
DmitryFarber wrote:
We need the word "but" to contrast the first part of the sentence (which describes a similarity) with the second part (which describes a difference). B and D are out.

A is wrong because we don't want to compare the English to "the French that considered their colonies part of France itself." We want to compare the English to the French. If we changed "that" to "who," and used a comma to separate, we would have a non-essential modifier and the sentence would be just fine. (" . . . but unlike the French, who considered . . . itself, the English . . . )

C is out because we don't want to compare the English to "the French considering . . . " Again, this kind of essential, or restrictive modifier, adds to the noun to make a more specific comparison. For instance, if I say "People considering an mba should study for the GMAT," I'm talking only about people who are considering an mba, not people in general.

That leaves E, which is the only choice that compares the countries correctly and contrasts the two clauses with "but."


Sir,
In answer choice A, French means french people,and as GMAT doesn't allow "that" referring to people,can we eliminate A on that basis?


Yes, that would be a valid reason for eliminating A.
Manhattan Prep Instructor
User avatar
S
Joined: 22 Mar 2011
Posts: 1564
Re: Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the Fre  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jun 2016, 09:48
Agreed on A. "That" should not modify people.

@thanvietnam, it's true that the GMAT doesn't use the essential/non-essential distinction often, but they have certainly tested it on occasion. In general, it would be very hard to establish that something is never tested.
_________________

Dmitry Farber | Manhattan Prep GMAT Instructor | San Diego


Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Course Reviews | View Instructor Profile |
Manhattan GMAT Reviews
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 10 Sep 2018
Posts: 49
GMAT 1: 740 Q50 V40
GPA: 3.8
Reviews Badge
Re: Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the Fre  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Mar 2019, 09:08
Only E has the right idiomatic form (Like X Y) and maintains //ism. It is the right answer.
Director
Director
avatar
P
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 933
Re: Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the Fre  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Sep 2019, 02:35
I think that
"who" is essential modifier. we do not use "that" for person
"comma+who" is non essential modifier
"that" is essential modifier
"comma+which" is non essential modifier.

is that right? pls, confirm. thank you for great explanation of experts.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the Fre   [#permalink] 01 Sep 2019, 02:35
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Both England and France were major colonial powers, but unlike the Fre

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne