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# Cajuns speak a dialect brought to southern Louisiana by the

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Cajuns speak a dialect brought to southern Louisiana by the [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2006, 03:32
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2. Cajuns speak a dialect brought to southern Louisiana by the four thousand Acadians who migrated there in 1755; their language is basically seventeenth-century French to which has been added English, Spanish and Italian words.
(A) to which has been added English, Spanish, and Italian words
(B) added to which is English, Spanish, and Italian words
(C) to which English, Spanish, and Italian words have been added
(D) with English, Spanish, and Italian words having been added to it

can somebody explain the flaw in D>

.. is teh progessive nature inetnded by "having been" incorrect for this sentence?
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29 Aug 2006, 04:17

having been added is incorrect because it means that those words are currently been added...
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29 Aug 2006, 04:32
Should be C.
A and B are out due to wrong SVA.
We do not need a continuos action of "word addition" here. Simple tense will suffice in this SC.
"having been" simply sounds awkward.
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29 Aug 2006, 09:32
(C) to which English, Spanish, and Italian words have been added

... French to which ...

is the correct usage.

Only A and C are narrow choices.

A unnecessarily has "has been added"

D has "having been" and "to it" leading to unclear referent "it".
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30 Aug 2006, 04:22
ps_dahiya wrote:
C

"having been" is awkward is D.

It's C because we need the simple present perfect tense to show that the language (or dialect) itself is still changing to this day. ie; English, Spanish, and Italian words are constantly being adopted.

This is also the case with pidgin English in Hawaii.
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31 Aug 2006, 04:06
One more for C.

having been - The ing form turned me off on this.
31 Aug 2006, 04:06
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