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Dr. Hegsted argues that just as polio vaccine is given to every person

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Dr. Hegsted argues that just as polio vaccine is given to every person  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 02 Oct 2018, 07:06
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Dr. Hegsted argues that just as polio vaccine is given to every person to protect the few who might actually contract polio, mass dietary change is needed to protect the significant number who are susceptible to the life-threatening effects of press eating habits.


(A) just as polio vaccine is given to every person to protect the few who might actually contract polio

(B) like polio vaccine, which is given to every person to protect the few who might contract polio

(C) similar to polio vaccine which is given to every person to protect the few who might actually contract polio

(D) while, to protect the few who might actually contract polio, polio vaccine is given to every person

(E) similar to the giving of polio vaccine to every person in order to protect the few who might contract polio actually

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Originally posted by nitya34 on 02 Mar 2009, 04:07.
Last edited by Bunuel on 02 Oct 2018, 07:06, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Dr. Hegsted argues that just as polio vaccine is given to  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2016, 03:19
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anurag16 wrote:
Yes I agree with shonakshi

I didn't choose A because of this idiom error...

Can anyone please explain?


shonakshi wrote:
Is just as ----so not the correct form :? so is missing in option A



The idiom "just as.... so" is applicable when the second verb is the same as the first one used. The word "so" replaces the first verb.

Just as caffeine can boost arousal so too can vigorous walking. (example from Magoosh)
Here the word "so" replaces "boost".

However if the compared verbs are different, then "just as... so" is not applicable: The second verb needs to be mentioned specifically instead of "so".

In option A, since the verbs are different ("is given" and "is needed"), use of "so" would be wrong.

The sentence would then become:
Just as polio vaccine is given to every person to protect the few who might actually contract polio, so too is mass dietary change."

This sentence wrongly implies that mass dietary change is also given (rather than needed).

The structure of the option A is comparable to:
"(just) as + dependent clause, independent clause structure." "so" can be used within the dependent clause only if the verbs are the same.
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Re: when to use live vs as???  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2011, 02:33
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'Like' is used to compare two nouns, that are quite similar
Ex: Like john, Mike has scored high
'AS' is used to compare the actions
Here we are trying to compare the action of Polio vaccine and Mass dietary change. Hence we need to use 'as'.
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Dr. Hegsted argues that just as polio vaccine is given to every person  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Mar 2009, 14:08
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OA should be A.

"Just as" it self is not wrong..

we are comparing clauses vs clause

in B.

Like Polio vaccine, mass dietary change is needed to protect the significant number who are susceptible to the life-threatening effects of press eating habits.

It says Polio vaccine protects from .. threatening effect of press eating habits

Clearly B is wrong.
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Dr. Hegsted argues that just as polio vaccine is given to every person  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Mar 2009, 02:16
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nitya34 wrote:
Dr. Hegsted argues that just as polio vaccine is given to every person to protect the few who might actually contract polio, mass dietary change is needed to protect the significant number who are susceptible to the life-threatening effects of press eating habits.


(A) just as polio vaccine is given to every person to protect the few who might actually contract polio

(B) like polio vaccine, which is given to every person to protect the few who might contract polio

(C) similar to polio vaccine which is given to every person to protect the few who might actually contract polio

(D) while, to protect the few who might actually contract polio, polio vaccine is given to every person

(E) similar to the giving of polio vaccine to every person in order to protect the few who might contract polio actually


Dr. Hegsted argues that just as polio vaccine is given to every person to protect the few who might actually contract polio, mass dietary change is needed to protect the significant number who are susceptible to the life-threatening effects of press eating habits.

Explanation:
------------------------
(A) just as polio vaccine is given to every person to protect the few who might actually contract polio ---> IMO, ‘just as’ doesn’t always require ‘so. Also, ‘as’ is used correctly here for the reason mentioned below:

Like Vs. As
Like – regulates noun/noun phrase/pronoun
As – introduces a clause

(B) like polio vaccine, which is given to every person to protect the few who might contract polio ---> This option is totally wrong because it changes the meaning of the original sentence. This option is actually trying to say that “…like polio vaccine, mass dietary change is needed to protect the significant number who are susceptible to the life-threatening effects of press eating habits”.

Do you think it’s right? Obviously not!

(C) similar to polio vaccine which is given to every person to protect the few who might actually contract polio ---> No comma before ‘which’.

(D) while, to protect the few who might actually contract polio, polio vaccine is given to every person ---> The whole sentence looks awkward.

(E) similar to the giving of polio vaccine to every person in order to protect the few who might contract polio actually ---> The whole sentence looks awkward.
------------------------

Hence, option A.

Hope that helps.


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Re: Dr. Hegsted argues that just as polio vaccine is given to every person  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Dec 2009, 11:53
so the consensus is that A is correct then? B uses "like" incorrectly because it can only be used to compare nouns directly to other nouns?
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Re: Dr. Hegsted argues that just as polio vaccine is given to every person  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Dec 2009, 14:18
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johnnymac wrote:
so the consensus is that A is correct then? B uses "like" incorrectly because it can only be used to compare nouns directly to other nouns?


Exactly! "Like" is used to compare N. to N. "As" is used to compare clause (S+V) to clause.
In this context, the sentence intends to compare the "polio vaccine" to "mass dietary change" in their action.
A) Dr. Hegsted argues that just as polio vaccine is given to every person to protect the few who might actually contract polio, mass dietary change is needed to protect the significant number who are susceptible to the life-threatening effects of press eating habits.

B) Dr. Hegsted argues that like polio vaccine, which is given to every person to protect the few who might contract polio, mass dietary change is needed to protect the significant number who are susceptible to the life-threatening effects of press eating habits.
If you use like in this context it implies that they are similar in terms of "polio vaccine and mass dietary change is needed to protect the significant number who are susceptible to the life-threatening ..."--> not intended meaning.

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Re: when to use live vs as???  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2011, 21:50
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we use as in conjunction role too.
just as the men were late yesterday,the women are late today
just as ----------------------------,so too are they late today--in this we are talking about the same men.

this is the two example of comparison As in conjunction...
A--is absolutly right
B-like is incorrect .can't follow clause
C,D,E too out
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Re: Dr. Hegsted argues that just as polio vaccine is given to every person  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Dec 2011, 18:21
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http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/dr- ... t3605.html

It's A. Choice B change the meaning of the sentence as Ron Purewal explain in Manhattan forum.
Quote:

no, 'just as' doesn't require 'so'. in fact, it almost certainly occurs more often WITHOUT the 'so'.

in evaluating choice (b), note that the modifier between the two commas - 'which is given ... contract polio' - is nonessential (because it's bracketed by commas) and can thus be eliminated from the overall structure of the sentence. after that elimination, the sentence reads as follows:
like polio vaccine, mass dietary change is needed to protect the significant number who are susceptible to press(?) eating habits.
this doesn't make sense, because it implies that polio vaccine protects against the effects of poor eating habits.

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Re: Dr. Hegsted argues that just as polio vaccine is given to  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2016, 22:46
Is just as ----so not the correct form :? so is missing in option A
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Re: Dr. Hegsted argues that just as polio vaccine  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Oct 2016, 00:45
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It is okay to skip the 'so' after 'just as'

Look at this example from GMAT -

Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does, and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's.

In this example 'just as' is used to compare two clauses - > 'exercise does' AND 'hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain'.

A is the correct answer because we are comparing two actions here - 'is given to protect the few who might contract polio' and 'is needed to protect the significant number who are susceptible ...'
B - A sentence must make perfect sense, even if the non-essential modifiers are removed. The sentence now reads -- like polio vaccine, mass dietary change is needed to protect the significant number who are susceptible to life threatening effects of poor eating habits. This option suggests that polio vaccine is needed to protect against the bad effects. Illogical.
C - 'which' is always used as non-essential modifier and thus must be separated by commas. Also, if we remove the non-essential 'which' modifier, the sentence does not make sense.
D - If we remove the non-essential modifier - 'to protect the few ...' , we get the sentence -> while polio vaccine is given to every person, mass dietary change is needed ... While can be used as - at the same time as Or whereas. Both do not make sense here.
E - 'the giving of polio vaccine' and 'mass dietary change' are not similar things.
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Re: Dr. Hegsted argues that just as polio vaccine  [#permalink]

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