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During and immediately after a war, Hollywood films typically trumpet

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During and immediately after a war, Hollywood films typically trumpet [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2017, 09:00
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Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

28% (01:11) correct 72% (01:09) wrong based on 461

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Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

41% (00:33) correct 59% (00:25) wrong based on 451

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Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Question Stats:

25% (01:04) correct 75% (00:58) wrong based on 432

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I thought I was ok with RCs and then I came across this passage.

During and immediately after a war, Hollywood films typically trumpet the glory of sacrifice and unquestioning patriotism. Ten to fifteen years later, however, morally fraught and sometimes pacifistic movies about the conflict typically emerge. For example, after America joined World War I in 1917, the still infant film industry glorified the fight against “the Hun.” But by the early 1930s, films such as All Quiet on the Western Front did not shy away from depicting the horrors of combat and the disillusionment of soldiers. After World War II began, the cycle repeated itself. Guadalcanal Diary, produced during the second world war, portrayed “the ultimate sacrifice” as a noble and undisputed good while diminishing the ethical complexities. By 1957, though, films such as The Bridge on the River Kwai, first published in book form in 1952, were winning awards for depicting the moral confusion inherent in war. Subsequently, the movie The Green Berets, produced at the height of the Vietnam war in the late 1960s, was far closer in tone to Guadalcanal Diary than to The Bridge on the River Kwai. A decade or more passed before the film industry finally began producing more complex and ambivalent depictions of the Vietnam war, such as Apocalypse Now and Platoon.
Which of the following best conveys the meaning of the word “fraught” in the second sentence of the passage?

A. ”pacifistic” (line 5)
B. ”glorified” (line 8)
C. ”diminishing the ethical complexities” (line 18)
D. ”confusion” (line 22)
E. ”complex” (line 29)



What is the main point made by the author?

A. Cultural and artistic communities tend not to fully support armed conflicts.

B. In the last century, the film industry has become more culturally diverse.

C. The existence of a particular cultural pattern can be established via evidence from 20th century artistic endeavors.

D. The film industry only supports military efforts while the actual conflict is taking place.

E. Cyclical patterns determine the type of films produced by Hollywood more than individuals do.



The passage implies which of the following about the message portrayed in the movie The Bridge on the River Kwai?

A. It supports the author’s view that it is better to depict the full complexities and moral confusions of a conflict than to pretend that sacrifice is always worthwhile.

B. It put forward the pioneering portrayal of the moral confusion of war.

C. It represented a more realistic depiction of war than did the message in Guadalcanal Diary.

D. It incorporated the negative aspects of war more so than did the message in Guadalcanal Diary.

E. It was more similar in tone to the message in Apocalypse Now than to the message in All Quiet on the Western Front.


[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA

Last edited by broall on 09 Jul 2017, 18:34, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 19 Jun 2017, 09:59
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#2 & #3 seem pretty straightforward to me. For #1 both d & e seem correct at first. I ultimately picked E because they're both adjectives but that's probably not the correct reasoning.

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Re: During and immediately after a war, Hollywood films typically trumpet [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jun 2017, 11:07
For # 3, I chose C. Can someone explain why C is wrong here ?

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Re: During and immediately after a war, Hollywood films typically trumpet [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2017, 03:46
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tushartiwari4u wrote:
For # 3, I chose C. Can someone explain why C is wrong here ?


tushartiwari4u

The passage basically discusses the existence of a pattern in the topics of the Hollywood movies made about wars. The pattern is that during the time the war is going on, the film industry glorifies the act (positive aspects of war). After several years of conclusion of these wars though, the industry tends to make movies about the complications related to these wars (negative aspects of war).

This is what the passage simply talks about. It doesn't pass a judgement on this pattern nor does it support any one of the two kinds of movies made about wars.

With that background set, the question asks about the message of the movie 'The Bridge on The River Kwai', which the passage has already stated to belong to second set of movies i.e., the movies that portray the morally conflicted elements of wars.

Option C says that Guadalcanal Diary (which is "far closer in tone to Guadalcanal Diary than to The Bridge on the River Kwai") presents a realistic depiction of war. But we know that the distinction made in the passage between the movies is not related to whether these are realistic, instead the distinction is between "glorifying" and "pacifying" kind of movies.

Option D is correct because it exactly brings up that distinction that the passage has made between the two kinds of war movies, and also accurately links it with the two movies in question.

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New post 09 Jul 2017, 08:29
Please help in Ques 1 and for Ques 3, why B is incorrect...

In 3, B clearly mentions that what has been mentioned in the passage....

Pls help.

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Re: During and immediately after a war, Hollywood films typically trumpet [#permalink]

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IIMC wrote:
Please help in Ques 1 and for Ques 3, why B is incorrect...

In 3, B clearly mentions that what has been mentioned in the passage....

Pls help.


Hi IIMC

This is what the passage exactly says about the movie The Bridge on the River Kwai: "films such as The Bridge on the River Kwai, first published in book form in 1952, were winning awards for depicting the moral confusion inherent in war."

Now look at what option B says and see the underlined portion: "It put forward the pioneering portrayal of the moral confusion of war." In other words, option B implies that the movie The Bridge on the River Kwai was the first one to portray moral confusion of war. Now, if you refer back to what the passage states about the movie, nowhere does it say that the movie was the first one to portray these elements. In fact, the first examples of these movies mentioned in the passage go back to 1930s where the film All Quiet on the Western Front portrayed similar elements.

The trick this option tries to play is that it uses the same word of 'moral confusion' as used in the passage and substitutes 'pioneering' for 'first published in book form'. But as we can see, it just doesn't add up. The passage simply says that the book Bridge on the River Kwai came before the film.

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New post 23 Jul 2017, 01:53
Can someone please explain the answer to the 2nd question


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During and immediately after a war, Hollywood films typically trumpet [#permalink]

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Novice90 wrote:
Can someone please explain the answer to the 2nd question


Thanks,
Novice


For a Main Point question, there are a few principles that need to be kept in mind while going through the passage. 1) Look at the broader message, the bigger picture of the passage, while taking into account the little details but not letting them overtake the larger picture of the passage. This may sound a general guideline but that actually is a skill in itself. 2) Then, to eliminate trap answers, you have to make sure that you understand the tone and the mood of the passage. While reading through the passage, you can have get a general sense of the author's intent behind the passage.

For Question No. 2 on this reading comprehension passage, firstly, we can safely eliminate Options A, B and D as there is no direct or indirect support for these options in the passage. The passage neither passes a judgement, nor does it support any particular viewpoint in the passage. Also, there is no indication about the film industry implying its support or resistance to the military actions.

Central Theme: The passage basically discusses the existence of a pattern in the topics of the Hollywood movies made about wars. The pattern is that during the time the war is going on, the film industry glorifies the act (positive aspects of war). After several years of conclusion of these wars though, the industry tends to make movies about the complications related to these wars (negative aspects of war).

Now evaluate Option E against the central theme of the passage describe above. Option E says "Cyclical patterns determine the type of films produced by Hollywood more than individuals do." This makes a comparison between individuals and cyclical patterns in terms of the effect that they have on the types of films produced by Hollywood. For this option to be true, we need to have some evidence in the passage for the comparison between individuals and cyclical patterns but as we read the passage, no such comparison can be found. Although the passage discusses a kind of a cyclical pattern, it doesn't compare it with individuals.

Option C is the last contender remaining after having eliminated all the others. "The existence of a particular cultural pattern can be established via evidence from 20th century artistic endeavors." The existence of a particular cultural pattern can indeed be established from 20th century artistic endeavors (i.e., Hollywood films). The particular cultural pattern that this option refers to is the same as described in the third paragraph above. The one thing here that is set up to divert the test taker from this option is the mention of '20th century artistic endeavors'. Although, the films discussed in the passage are a part of 20th century artistic endeavors, it does cast somewhat of a doubt on this option because no other artistic endeavor is discussed. Would it be fair to generalize this pattern about Hollywood films and paint all the other 20th century artistic endeavors with the same brush? Well, in this case, it is correct because no other option comes close to being the accurate representation of the main idea of the passage. Thus, option C is the answer.

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New post 31 Jul 2017, 07:44
Hi egmat experts!

Can you please explain how to choose between options C and D in the 3rd question ?

How did negative aspects come in view? Also , Question 1 is also confusing. How to choose between D and E

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New post 27 Sep 2017, 08:52
Hi Experts !

On Question 1...its obviously between D and E...

How to go about eliminating ?

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Re: During and immediately after a war, Hollywood films typically trumpet [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2017, 02:20
can someone please explain how to choose between D & E in question 1. Both seems correct to me.
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Re: During and immediately after a war, Hollywood films typically trumpet   [#permalink] 02 Oct 2017, 02:20
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