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Environmentalist: Many people prefer to live in

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Environmentalist: Many people prefer to live in [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2017, 11:39
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Question Stats:

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Environmentalist: Many people prefer to live in regions of natural beauty. Such regions often experience an influx of new residents, and a growing population encourages businesses to relocate to those regions. Thus, governmentally mandated environmental protection in regions of natural beauty can help those regions' economies overall,
even if such protection harms some older local industries.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the environmentalist's argument depends?

(A) Regions of natural beauty typically are beautiful enough to attract new residents only until governmentally mandated environmental protection that damages local industries is imposed.

(B) The economies of most regions of natural beauty are not based primarily on local industries that would be harmed by governmentally mandated environmental
protection.

(C) If governmentally mandated environmental protection helps a region's economy, it does so primarily by encouraging people to move into that region.

(D) Voluntary environmental protection usually does not help a region's economy to the degree that governmentally mandated protection does.

(E) A factor harmful to some older local industries in a region need not discourage other businesses from relocating to that region.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Environmentalist: Many people prefer to live in [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2017, 23:23
(A) Regions of natural beauty typically are beautiful enough to attract new residents only until governmentally mandated environmental protection that damages local industries is imposed.

(B) The economies of most regions of natural beauty are not based primarily on local industries that would be harmed by governmentally mandated environmental
protection.

(C) If governmentally mandated environmental protection helps a region's economy, it does so primarily by encouraging people to move into that region.

(D) Voluntary environmental protection usually does not help a region's economy to the degree that governmentally mandated protection does.

(E) A factor harmful to some older local industries in a region need not discourage other businesses from relocating to that region
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Re: Environmentalist: Many people prefer to live in [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2017, 01:41
rs47 wrote:
Environmentalist: Many people prefer to live in regions of natural beauty. Such regions often experience an influx of new residents, and a growing population encourages businesses to relocate to those regions. Thus, governmentally mandated environmental protection in regions of natural beauty can help those regions' economies overall,
even if such protection harms some older local industries.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the environmentalist's argument depends?

(A) Regions of natural beauty typically are beautiful enough to attract new residents only until governmentally mandated environmental protection that damages local industries is imposed.

(B) The economies of most regions of natural beauty are not based primarily on local industries that would be harmed by governmentally mandated environmental
protection.

(C) If governmentally mandated environmental protection helps a region's economy, it does so primarily by encouraging people to move into that region.

(D) Voluntary environmental protection usually does not help a region's economy to the degree that governmentally mandated protection does.

(E) A factor harmful to some older local industries in a region need not discourage other businesses from relocating to that region.



What's the OE? Can anyone explain how E is correct?

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Re: Environmentalist: Many people prefer to live in [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2017, 01:50
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try to simplify the argument -

Premise -
Natural beauty --> Influx of new residents --> More businesses.

the conclusion -
government mandated environment regulations --> Overall effect for the economy is positive (even if some local businesses are harmed)

Note that the author says that such regulations have an "overall" positive effect.

Let us look the answer options -

Option A - Incorrect.
this option basically states that such regions will attract new residents only till government regulations are imposed. That means there will not be any new residents after the regulations are imposed.
Weakens the argument.

Option B - Incorrect.
Negate this.
"The economies of most regions of natural beauty are based primarily on local industries that would be harmed by governmentally mandated environmental protection."

Even if they disappear, we know that there will more "new" businesses in the area because such regulations protect the environment. So, the "overall" effect on the economies of such areas might be positive.

Option C - Incorrect.
Not necessary. Even if such regulations help the economy through other more important means, this does not harm the conclusion that overall government regulations help the economy.

Option D - Incorrect.
We are not concerned with the effects of voluntary environmental regulations. We are concerned only with the effects that government mandated regulations have

Option E - Correct.
Negate this.
"A factor harmful to some older local industries in a region discourages other businesses from relocating to that region."

We already know that such regulations are harmful to some older industries (the question says "even if such protection harms some older local industries").
Hence, no new businesses. this means that there cannot be any positive overall effect on the economy. Hence, the argument falls apart.
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Re: Environmentalist: Many people prefer to live in [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 23:55
Okay, if we use negation technique won't C be right?

CONCL: Thus, governmentally mandated environmental protection in regions of natural beauty can help those regions' economies overall, even if such protection harms some older local industries.
CONCL 2: people moving to an area thus encourages businesses; natural beauty is cited as one of the reasons. ("Many people prefer to live in regions of natural beauty. Such regions often experience an influx of new residents, and a growing population encourages businesses to relocate to those regions.")

C) If governmentally mandated environmental protection helps a region's economy, it does so primarily by encouraging people to move into that region. - This is what the argument says in the beginning. The harming of older local industries is a fallout.
If we think "no" this mandate won't work, the argument falls apart.


E) A factor harmful to some older local industries in a region need not discourage other businesses from relocating to that region. - Yes, but isn't this an inference or fallout? It has been already established if new businesses occur in a beautiful place, it would increase overall economy - but this happens BECAUSE people move there.

Would really appreciate if E was shown as an assumption and not a fallout ! Thank you :)

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Environmentalist: Many people prefer to live in [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2017, 03:17
Answer should be E.

close between B and E.

B. Negating B, argument does not fall apart, as the argument clearly says "Thus, governmentally mandated environmental protection in regions of natural beauty can help those regions' economies overall,
even if such protection harms some older local industries. ". So economy will still grow from new industries.

E. Negating E, argument falls apart, factor will discourage new business to get into the region and economy will not grow. Hence E

C. actually i think it sort of reverses the premise IMO, argument is seeking to establish => people prefer natural beauty region -> encourages businesses to relocate -> so if, government env protection -> then better economy, but C says government helps economy grow by encouraging more people to move into.

Thanks

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Environmentalist: Many people prefer to live in   [#permalink] 04 Oct 2017, 03:17
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