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# Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aborigin

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Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aborigin  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2018, 12:11
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Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (01:38) correct 39% (01:49) wrong based on 147 sessions

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Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania; carefully controlled burns have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture.

(A) Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania; carefully controlled burns have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture.

(B) Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania, and carefully controlled burns, which have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture.

(C) Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania: carefully controlled burns have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting as well as agriculture.

(D) Fire, which has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania, has shaped forests and savannas for both hunting as well as agriculture through carefully controlled burns.

(E) Fire, through carefully controlled burns, has shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture, and has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania.

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/05/science/australia-firehawks-aboriginal.html

Fire has long been a central land management tool for Aboriginal people; carefully controlled burns shaped forests and savannas for hunting and agriculture.

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Re: Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aborigin  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2018, 22:57
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Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania; carefully controlled burns have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture.

A. Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania; carefully controlled burns have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture.

B. Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania, and carefully controlled burns, which have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture.

C. Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania: carefully controlled burns have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting as well as agriculture.

D. Fire, which has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania, has shaped forests and savannas for both hunting as well as agriculture through carefully controlled burns.

E. Fire, through carefully controlled burns, has shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture and has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania.

The passage wants to say that controlled fires have helped the Tasmanian people a lot in shaping their lands.

B can be faulted for being a fragment in the second part.
In C and D, 'both hunting as well as agriculture' is unidiomatic.

It's a subtle meaning issue between A and E. As one can see, the fire by itself is not the land management tool. The controlled fire is the actual tool. Per Se, E, with the rendering of the modifier 'through carefully controlled burns' as inessential, is not carrying the original intent. I would feel A is more relevant and fidel.
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Re: Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aborigin  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2018, 22:58
Bunuel wrote:
Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania; carefully controlled burns have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture.

A. Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania; carefully controlled burns have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture.

B. Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania, and carefully controlled burns, which have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture.

C. Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania: carefully controlled burns have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting as well as agriculture.

D. Fire, which has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania, has shaped forests and savannas for both hunting as well as agriculture through carefully controlled burns.

E. Fire, through carefully controlled burns, has shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture, and has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania.

A. Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania; carefully controlled burns have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture. - Correct. part after ';' in an independent clause

B. Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania, and carefully controlled burns, which have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture. - Not a complete sentence

C. Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania: carefully controlled burns have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting as well as agriculture. - part after ':' describes the word immediately before ':'.

D. Fire, which has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania, has shaped forests and savannas for both hunting as well as agriculture through carefully controlled burns. - incorrect idiom - both A as well as B

E. Fire, through carefully controlled burns, has shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture, and has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania. - This option changes the intent of the sentence.

Intent - Fire has long history... and through controlled burns has shaped...
This option - For through controlled burns - 1. has shaped..., 2. has a long history
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Re: Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aborigin  [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2018, 23:34
finally, sc test us the logic relation between ideas in a sentence. we ask ourself is this meaning relation logic.

there is no grammatical problem here. the point is logic meaning.
look at choice E.
is it good that there are two separate ideas. no. one idea should be the explanation of the other idea . this is better and so, choice A is better.
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Re: Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aborigin  [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2018, 02:16
I also vouch for A because E slightly changes the meaning.

Quote:
A. Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania; carefully controlled burns have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture.

This tells us that Aboriginal people in Tasmania used fire to shape the landscape by using fire.

Quote:
E. Fire, through carefully controlled burns, has shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture, and has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania.

In my opinion, this states that fire generally has shaped the landscape and that Aboriginal people used this method too. This is different from the meaning in A, in which it is stated that Aboriginal people specifically used fire to shape the landscape. In A, there is not mention that fire is generally used for this purpose.

I hope its clear what I'm trying to say but the good thing is that I agree with the other posters about the correct answer
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Re: Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aborigin  [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2018, 02:36
Bunuel wrote:
Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania; carefully controlled burns have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture.

A. Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania; carefully controlled burns have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture.

B. Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania, and carefully controlled burns, which have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture.

C. Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania: carefully controlled burns have shaped forests and savannas for both hunting as well as agriculture.

D. Fire, which has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania, has shaped forests and savannas for both hunting as well as agriculture through carefully controlled burns.

E. Fire, through carefully controlled burns, has shaped forests and savannas for both hunting and agriculture, and has a long history as a central land management tool for Aboriginal people in Tasmania.

VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

With the entire sentence underlined, try to find one concrete decision point to start with that is fairly easy to assess. One that should stick out is the redundant “both…as well as” structure present in (C) and (D) versus the correct “both…and” in the other choices. This allows you to quickly eliminate those two answers if you notice that difference.

Otherwise, you need to focus on differences for how the different sentence elements are linked together. Semi-colons are fairly easy to assess, so check to see if the two elements in (A) are independent clauses logically linked by a semi-colon. Since they are, (A) appears to be correct. (B) uses a comma with “and” to link together the second part but then incorrectly uses a “which” clause instead of a main verb in the second clause. There is no verb for “carefully controlled burns” so this choice suffers from a sentence construction error. (E) changes the structure entirely, but creates an illogical order of presentation. First, the structure “Fire, through carefully controlled burns, has shaped…” is illogical as it somehow suggests that fire can create carefully controlled burns. Second, it does not make sense to add the last part on as an afterthought: first you want to learn about the long history and then better understand how the fire has been used. Only (A) presents the elements logically and correctly links them with a semi-colon.
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Re: Fire has a long history as a central land management tool for Aborigin &nbs [#permalink] 10 Jun 2018, 02:36
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