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GMATPREP ChallengeQ - Historians have identified two dominant currents

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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ - Historians have identified two dominant currents [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2017, 19:29
Can someone explain the answer for question 3.

If I were to read the quoted text, the passage doesn't explicitly differentiate between 'some' or 'most' bourgeois feminists, so how can A be the answer?

AmoyV wrote:
takeTWO Read the highlighted part in the 2nd para

"In fact, at the First All-Russian Women's Congress in 1908, most participants advocated maternity insurance and paid maternity leave, although the intense hostility between some socialists and bourgeois feminists at the Congress made it difficult for them to recognize these areas of agreement"

This means that almost all the members of both the factions *agreed* on having "maternity insurance". The question asks us to identify a point of *disagreement*.

Lets look at the 1st paragraph:

Historians have identified two dominant currents in the Russian women's movement of the late tsarist period. "Bourgeois" feminism, so called by its more radical opponents, emphasized "individualist" feminist goals such as access to education, career opportunities, and legal equality."Socialist" feminists, by contrast, emphasized class, rather than gender, as the principal source of women's inequality and oppression, and socialist revolution, not legal reform, as the only road to emancipation and equality.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ - Historians have identified two dominant currents [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2017, 00:44
ameyaprabhu wrote:
Can someone explain the answer for question 3.

If I were to read the quoted text, the passage doesn't explicitly differentiate between 'some' or 'most' bourgeois feminists, so how can A be the answer?

AmoyV wrote:
takeTWO Read the highlighted part in the 2nd para

"In fact, at the First All-Russian Women's Congress in 1908, most participants advocated maternity insurance and paid maternity leave, although the intense hostility between some socialists and bourgeois feminists at the Congress made it difficult for them to recognize these areas of agreement"

This means that almost all the members of both the factions *agreed* on having "maternity insurance". The question asks us to identify a point of *disagreement*.

Lets look at the 1st paragraph:

Historians have identified two dominant currents in the Russian women's movement of the late tsarist period. "Bourgeois" feminism, so called by its more radical opponents, emphasized "individualist" feminist goals such as access to education, career opportunities, and legal equality."Socialist" feminists, by contrast, emphasized class, rather than gender, as the principal source of women's inequality and oppression, and socialist revolution, not legal reform, as the only road to emancipation and equality.


Hey ameyaprabhu

Even I made the same mistake and selected the incorrect answer choice in Q3

The catch is in the question itself which we didn't read clearly

According to the passage, Russian socialists within the women's movement and most bourgeois feminists disagreed about which of the following?

The women's movement is only given in the first para, you don't even need to look at the second paragraph. Hence answer should be A as you rightly highlighted in the first paragraph

On another note, in the second para the two groups disagreed over maternity insurance
Read this line
although the intense hostility between some socialists and bourgeois feminists at the Congress made it difficult for them to recognize these areas of agreement

Hope this helps. Don't forget to give kudos :-)
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ - Historians have identified two dominant currents [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2017, 23:57
JarvisR wrote:
6 mins all correct. Easy one. Let me know if there are any doubts.

Hi

I am still not able to Conclude that for 3rd question the answer is A
From these lines from Para

Historians have identified two dominant currents in the Russian women's movement of the late tsarist period. "Bourgeois" feminism, so called by its more radical opponents, emphasized "individualist" feminist goals such as access to education, career opportunities, and legal equality."Socialist" feminists, by contrast, emphasized class, rather than gender, as the principal source of women's inequality and oppression, and socialist revolution, not legal reform, as the only road to emancipation and equality.

From My understanding Only Socialist is disagree with Legal reform.

I also want some one to help me in solving detail question as I face very tough to find the that particular detail from Question to passage and it take lot of time and that is the reason i take so much time in detailed question, Any strategy I should follow.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ - Historians have identified two dominant currents [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2017, 05:37
Hi GMATNinjaTwo, Could you help with question 3?

According to the passage, Russian socialists within the women's movement and most bourgeois feminists disagreed about which of the following?

A. Whether legal reform was central to the achievement of feminist goals
B. Whether paid employment was important for the achievement of equality
C. Whether maternity insurance was desirable for working mothers
D. Whether working mothers faced obstacles
E. Whether women's emancipation should be subordinated to the liberation of the Russian population
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ - Historians have identified two dominant currents [#permalink]

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New post 05 Nov 2017, 23:20
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hazelnut wrote:
Hi GMATNinjaTwo, Could you help with question 3?

According to the passage, Russian socialists within the women's movement and most bourgeois feminists disagreed about which of the following?

A. Whether legal reform was central to the achievement of feminist goals
B. Whether paid employment was important for the achievement of equality
C. Whether maternity insurance was desirable for working mothers
D. Whether working mothers faced obstacles
E. Whether women's emancipation should be subordinated to the liberation of the Russian population

In the first paragraph, we are told that "Bourgeois" feminists emphasized "individualist" feminist goals such as legal equality. This implies that the BFs wanted legal reform in order to attain legal equality. In other words, legal equality did not exist, so the BFs wanted changes (reform) to move towards legal equality.

"Socialist" feminists, by contrast, emphasized socialist revolution, not legal reform, as the only road to emancipation and equality. This implies that the SFs did not think legal reform was central to their goals as feminists.

So BFs wanted legal equality (i.e. legal reform), while the SFs did NOT emphasize legal reform. Thus, the two groups disagreed about whether legal reform was central to achievement of feminists goals.

(A) is the best answer.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ - Historians have identified two dominant currents [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2018, 19:18
Maternalism and Child Welfare in Late Imperial Russia
pp. 114-125 | DOI: 10.1353/jowh.2010.0411
Adele Lindenmeyr

Journal of Women's History
Volume 5, Number 2, Fall 1993

https://muse.jhu.edu/article/363307/pdf
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Maternalism and Child Welfare in Late Imperial Russia.pdf [2.47 MiB]
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ - Historians have identified two dominant currents [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2018, 08:55
GMATNinja GMATNinjaTwo

Can you please clarify my process in PoE?

1. The passage is primarily concerned with

Quote:
(A) identifying points of agreement between two groups

We are not merely identifying points of agreement.

Quote:
(C) contrasting two approaches to solving a political problem

Yes , two approaches are mentioned in passage to solve women emancipation.

2. The passage suggests that socialists within the Russian women's movement and most bourgeois feminists believed that in Russia

Quote:
(C) the emancipation of women would ultimately bring about the liberation of the entire Russian population from political oppression


Inferred from below part:
Finally, socialist feminists and most bourgeois feminists concurred in subordinating women's emancipation to what they considered the more important goal of liberating the entire Russian population from political oppression, economic backwardness, and social injustice.
Quote:
(B) the achievement of larger political aims should take precedence over the achievement of women's rights

Where is this mentioned in passage / how do I infer this?
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ - Historians have identified two dominant currents [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2018, 19:50
adkikani wrote:
GMATNinja GMATNinjaTwo

Can you please clarify my process in PoE?

1. The passage is primarily concerned with

Quote:
(A) identifying points of agreement between two groups

We are not merely identifying points of agreement.

Quote:
(C) contrasting two approaches to solving a political problem

Yes , two approaches are mentioned in passage to solve women emancipation.

Indeed, the passage mentions two approaches. But you need to think about the purpose of the passage, not just the content of the passage.

The first paragraph explains the differences between the two groups, as identified by historians. Then the author opens the second paragraph with, "However, despite antagonism between bourgeois feminists and socialist feminists, the two movements shared certain underlying beliefs." The rest of the second paragraph describes these shared beliefs.

So think about the structure of the passage:

  • Historians have identified two groups. Here's what separates those two groups.
  • However, despite some conflict between the two groups, they actually had a lot in common, such as...

Is the author just trying to tell us that the groups are different? No.. this is already know (i.e. by historians). The author wants us to realize that those two groups actually had things in common, despite their differences. The author's primary purpose is to to identify the "points of agreement" between the two groups. So (A) is the best answer.


Quote:
2. The passage suggests that socialists within the Russian women's movement and most bourgeois feminists believed that in Russia

adkikani wrote:
(C) the emancipation of women would ultimately bring about the liberation of the entire Russian population from political oppression


Inferred from below part:
Finally, socialist feminists and most bourgeois feminists concurred in subordinating women's emancipation to what they considered the more important goal of liberating the entire Russian population from political oppression, economic backwardness, and social injustice.
Quote:
(B) the achievement of larger political aims should take precedence over the achievement of women's rights

Where is this mentioned in passage / how do I infer this?

The portion you highlighted in blue actually tells us why the answer is (B), not (C): "Finally, socialist feminists and most bourgeois feminists concurred in subordinating women's emancipation to what they considered the more important goal of liberating the entire Russian population from political oppression, economic backwardness, and social injustice."

Both groups agreed that women's emancipation should be made secondary (i.e. subordinated) to liberating the entire Russian population from...

In other words, the two groups agreed that liberating Russians from political oppression, economic backwardness, and social injustice ("larger political aims") was a more important goal than emancipating women ("achievement of women's rights").

The author does NOT say that the emancipation of women would LEAD TO the liberation of the entire Russian population from political oppression, so (C) should be eliminated.
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Re: GMATPREP ChallengeQ - Historians have identified two dominant currents   [#permalink] 28 Mar 2018, 19:50

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