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Historians sometimes forget that history is continually being made and

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Re: Historians sometimes forget that history is continually being made and  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2018, 01:22
Even I was thinking on the same lines, but to answer the question one may not necessarily know that. The passage is sufficient to answer the questions associated with it.

GittinGud wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:
ShashankDave wrote:
Somebody please help with Q3. I didn't understand the meaning of handicaps even when I read the passage. Please somebody explain the meaning in the passage. Also in the last question, please explain why A is wrong.

Quote:
3. Which of the following is the best example of writing that is likely to be subject to the kinds of “handicaps” referred to in line 27?

(A) A history of an auto manufacturing plant written by an employee during an auto-buying boom
(B) A critique of a statewide school-desegregation plan written by an elementary school teacher in that state
(C) A newspaper article assessing the historical importance of a United States President written shortly after the President has taken office
(D) A scientific paper describing the benefits of a certain surgical technique written by the surgeon who developed the technique
(E) Diary entries narrating the events of a battle written by a soldier who participated in the battle

Quote:
Ten years later, in a preface to the second revised edition, Woodward confessed with ironic modesty that the first edition “had begun to suffer under some of the handicaps that might be expected in a history of the American Revolution published in 1776.”

In this sentence, a "handicap" is a challenge or an obstacle (i.e. "A fear of public speaking is a severe handicap to anyone running for public office.").
In 1776, the American Revolution was in its early stages. It would be difficult to write a history of a revolution while the revolution is still in its early stages. It would be easier to write such a history after the revolution so that you could look back and get the full picture.

Similarly, it would be difficult to assess the historical importance of a US President shortly after that President has taken office (and yes, I'm biting my tongue in a desperate effort keep this forum politically neutral). It would be easier to assess the historical importance of a President after that President's term is over. Hence, choice (C) is the best option.

Quote:
6. Which of the following best describes the new idea expressed by C. Vann Woodward in his University of Virginia lectures in 1954?

(A) Southern racial segregation was continuous and uniform.
(B) Black people made considerable progress only after Reconstruction.
(C) Jim Crow legislation was conventional in nature.
(D) Jim Crow laws did not go as far in codifying traditional practice as they might have.
(E) Jim Crow laws did much more than merely reinforce a tradition of segregation.

As for the last question, refer to the following portion: "In the fall of 1954, for example, C. Vann Woodward delivered a lecture series at the University of Virginia which challenged the prevailing dogma concerning the history, continuity, and uniformity of racial segregation in the South."

Woodward challenged the idea that racial segregation in the South was continuous and uniform. Choice (A) represents the "prevailing dogma" that Woodward challenged, not Woodward's new idea.

I hope that helps!


Please let us know where the passage suggests that the american revolution was at it's early stages in 1776.
The passage doesn't suggest that the american revolution was at it's early stages in 1776. This is assumed.

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New post 12 Jul 2018, 01:26
I generally go about questions like these by eliminating the incorrect ones and by hoping my vocabulary doesn't fail me with the answer choices that are left after elimination.
goofytiwari69 wrote:
5.The attitude of the author of the passage toward the work of C. Vann Woodward is best described as one of

(A) respectful regard
(B) qualified approbation
(C) implied skepticism
(D) pointed criticism
(E) fervent advocacy

Option c , and e can be easily eliminated. In the passage the author writes that
' Yet, like Paine, Woodward had an unerring sense of the revolutionary moment, and of how historical evidence could undermine the mythological tradition that was crushing the dreams of new social possibilities. '

this line suggests respect and regard also nowhere in the passage the author approves or praises the work of C. Vann Woodward he simply quotes that Martin Luther King, Jr., testified to the profound EFFECT of The Strange Career of Jim Crow on the civil rights movement by praising the book and quoting it frequently.
so the answer is A.

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New post 12 Jul 2018, 07:11
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shweta234 wrote:
Hi can anyone please explain me the answer for Question 2 on prevailing dogma???

shweta234, check out this post.

I hope that helps!
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New post 25 Jul 2018, 23:04
@abhimahna,@daagh,@KarishmaB,souvonik2k
Author mentions great work such as lecturing against dogma . He also explains that book was highly praised and mentioned many times by Martin Luther King Jr.IMO he is advocating his work by giving example of the praises by Martin Jr. He also tries to explain that he is qualified because author has done his homework for the court case.
Overall i see more of advocacy than respect in passage.Please help he understand this.
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Re: Historians sometimes forget that history is continually being made and  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2018, 22:29
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AnkitOrYadav - I picked B too, but after reading through the thread I can see where I went wrong.

The first thing you should note is that the question asks about the attitude of the author of the passage toward the work Woodward; True, MLK did testify the book’s profound effect, praise the book and quote it frequently. But it was MLK who did those things and not the author. Basically the author mentions that the book was praised but he himself didn’t praise the book. The author does mention that the book was praised by MLK, that the book had a mass readership, that Woodward had an unerring sense of the revolutionary movement. After reading all this I’d choose regard/respect over praise.

Now coming to the word qualified- it has two interpretations: One which means substantiation (such as giving examples - the meaning you’ve mentioned). The other interpretation is explained wonderfully by GMATNinja in one of the posts above. Read this example sentence: “the critic qualified his praise of the book by taking about the book’s loopholes” - in this context "qualified" means giving a sorta proper picture and not blind praise. This usage of the word ‘qualified' is very common in the “purpose of the text/lines” questions in RC. (I conveniently forgot this usage when I was attempting this RC btw)

Be very wary of questions that repeat the verbiage exactly as used in the passage, especially for inference type questions. Such options need to be carefully evaluated.
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New post 11 Sep 2018, 00:08
it took me 11 ins to do this passage. Is it acceptable? and i got 2 wrong
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Re: Historians sometimes forget that history is continually being made and  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2019, 11:30
Can anyone please give an explanation for Question 1?
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Re: Historians sometimes forget that history is continually being made and  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2019, 18:05
PriyankaPalit7 wrote:
Can anyone please give an explanation for Question 1?

Here is the first paragraph of the passage:
Quote:
Historians sometimes forget that history is continually being made and experienced before it is studied, interpreted, and read. These latter activities have their own history, of course, which may impinge in unexpected ways on public events. It is difficult to predict when “new pasts” will overturn established historical interpretations and change the course of history.

Let's say that an event occurred in the 1800's -- it is "made and experienced" at that exact time.

Then, a historian comes along and studies, interprets, and reads about that event. His/her work creates an "established historical interpretation" of that event.

Later, another historian decides to study/interpret/read about the same event, and comes up with a different interpretation. This historian has created a new way of looking at the past, which overturns the established historical interpretation. In other words, the work of this latest historian creates a "new past" that differs from the way people previously understood the past event.

This definition of "new pasts" fits well with answer choice (C):
Quote:
(C) ["new pasts" can be described as the] change in people’s understanding of the past due to more recent historical writing

(C) is the correct answer to question #1.

I hope that helps!
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New post 22 Oct 2019, 07:54
GMATNinja wrote:
shubham2312 wrote:
hi
guys can someone explain why OA for question 4 is E not A,
in my understanding the reason is both the works were published during an important historical event.

kindly someone throw some light on it.

Quote:
4. The passage suggests that C. Vann Woodward and Thomas Paine were similar in all of the following ways EXCEPT:

(A) Both had works published in the midst of important historical events.
(B) Both wrote works that enjoyed widespread popularity.
(C) Both exhibited an understanding of the relevance of historical evidence to contemporary issues.
(D) The works of both had a significant effect on events following their publication.
(E) Both were able to set aside worries about historical anachronism in order to reach and inspire.

Yes, (A) must be eliminated because both had works published in the midst of important historical events:

  • Woodward's work was published during the civil rights movement.
  • Paine's work was published during the American revolutionary movement.

As for (E), the passage does say that Paine was not concerned with the dangers of historical anachronism. However, we don't know that he was ever really worried about historical anachronism or that he had to set those worries aside. Similarly, we don't know whether Woodward worried about historical anachronism and set those worries aside.

(E) is the best answer.


Dear GMATNinja,

I think the reason why E is correct is not the difference between "not concerned" but "set aside worries", but because of the structural words: "Although....also,...." and then "Yet, like Paine, ...."
It goes something like this: "Although they have something in common (mass readership), Paine is still different from Woodward in that he is not concerned...bla bla. Yet, like Paine, they're still similar in another aspect bla bla...."

So Woodward and Paine share a lot of things, except for things in the second clause of that "Although" sentence: "Paine had intended to reach and inspire: he was not a historian, and thus not concerned with accuracy or the dangers of historical anachronism" -> Woodward DID NOT intend to reach and inspire: Woodward might have been a historian and might have been concerned with accuracy or the dangers of historical anachronism.

Actually I just checked in real life, Woodward was actually a historian! :)

What do you think?
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Re: Historians sometimes forget that history is continually being made and  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2019, 14:58
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shabuzen102 wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:
shubham2312 wrote:
hi
guys can someone explain why OA for question 4 is E not A,
in my understanding the reason is both the works were published during an important historical event.

kindly someone throw some light on it.

Quote:
4. The passage suggests that C. Vann Woodward and Thomas Paine were similar in all of the following ways EXCEPT:

(A) Both had works published in the midst of important historical events.
(B) Both wrote works that enjoyed widespread popularity.
(C) Both exhibited an understanding of the relevance of historical evidence to contemporary issues.
(D) The works of both had a significant effect on events following their publication.
(E) Both were able to set aside worries about historical anachronism in order to reach and inspire.

Yes, (A) must be eliminated because both had works published in the midst of important historical events:

  • Woodward's work was published during the civil rights movement.
  • Paine's work was published during the American revolutionary movement.

As for (E), the passage does say that Paine was not concerned with the dangers of historical anachronism. However, we don't know that he was ever really worried about historical anachronism or that he had to set those worries aside. Similarly, we don't know whether Woodward worried about historical anachronism and set those worries aside.

(E) is the best answer.


Dear GMATNinja,

I think the reason why E is correct is not the difference between "not concerned" but "set aside worries", but because of the structural words: "Although....also,...." and then "Yet, like Paine, ...."
It goes something like this: "Although they have something in common (mass readership), Paine is still different from Woodward in that he is not concerned...bla bla. Yet, like Paine, they're still similar in another aspect bla bla...."

So Woodward and Paine share a lot of things, except for things in the second clause of that "Although" sentence: "Paine had intended to reach and inspire: he was not a historian, and thus not concerned with accuracy or the dangers of historical anachronism" -> Woodward DID NOT intend to reach and inspire: Woodward might have been a historian and might have been concerned with accuracy or the dangers of historical anachronism.

Actually I just checked in real life, Woodward was actually a historian! :)

What do you think?

I think you're onto something! The structure of that sentence does imply that Paine differed from Woodward in that Paine was not a historian and thus was not concerned with accuracy or the dangers of historical anachronism. I might not go as far as to definitively conclude that Woodward was NOT intending to reach and inspire -- I think the key inference is that Woodward was concerned with accuracy/anachronism and Paine was not.

Regardless, we certainly cannot infer that Woodward set aside worries about historical anachronism, and that's enough to eliminate (E). We also can't really infer that Paine set aside worries about historical anachronism, because it doesn't seem like he ever HAD those worries in the first place (since historical anachronism did not concern him).

Thanks for pointing that out!
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Re: Historians sometimes forget that history is continually being made and  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2019, 03:08
we need to know that in 1776, American revolution is still going on. this is not good for me, and for the person dont know of American history. this is not good question. question 3.

question 2 is also not good.
"challenging prevailing dogma" mean that the Jim law contradict " codified traditional practices and erase...". it is better to write "expanding the prevailing dogma".
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Re: Historians sometimes forget that history is continually being made and   [#permalink] 13 Dec 2019, 03:08

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