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# If x and y are integers, is x^2-y^2 odd?

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GMATH Teacher
Status: GMATH founder
Joined: 12 Oct 2010
Posts: 772
If x and y are integers, is x^2-y^2 odd?  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2019, 14:40
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Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

62% (01:07) correct 38% (00:47) wrong based on 29 sessions

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GMATH practice exercise (Quant Class 16)

If $$x$$ and $$y$$ are integers, is $$\,{x^2} - {y^2}\,$$ odd?

$$\left( 1 \right)\,\,\,x + y\,\,$$ is odd
$$\left( 2 \right)\,\,\,x - y\,\,$$ is odd

_________________

Fabio Skilnik :: GMATH method creator (Math for the GMAT)
Our high-level "quant" preparation starts here: https://gmath.net

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Joined: 09 Mar 2018
Posts: 1002
Location: India
Re: If x and y are integers, is x^2-y^2 odd?  [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2019, 22:46
fskilnik wrote:
GMATH practice exercise (Quant Class 16)

If $$x$$ and $$y$$ are integers, is $$\,{x^2} - {y^2}\,$$ odd?

$$\left( 1 \right)\,\,\,x + y\,\,$$ is odd
$$\left( 2 \right)\,\,\,x - y\,\,$$ is odd

Key word : $$x$$ and $$y$$ are integers, can be -ive or +ive

x^2 - y^2 = x-y x+y

So now the product of 2 expressions to be odd, both expressions need to be odd, said that

from 1) x + y is odd
lets put back in the question, this means that x-y will be odd as well, Even + odd = Odd, Even - Odd = Odd

from 2) x - y is odd
lets put back in the question, this means that x+y will be odd as well, Even - odd = Odd, odd + even= Odd

D
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If you notice any discrepancy in my reasoning, please let me know. Lets improve together.

Quote which i can relate to.
Many of life's failures happen with people who do not realize how close they were to success when they gave up.

GMATH Teacher
Status: GMATH founder
Joined: 12 Oct 2010
Posts: 772
Re: If x and y are integers, is x^2-y^2 odd?  [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2019, 05:18
fskilnik wrote:
GMATH practice exercise (Quant Class 16)

If $$x$$ and $$y$$ are integers, is $$\,{x^2} - {y^2}\,$$ odd?

$$\left( 1 \right)\,\,\,x + y\,\,$$ is odd
$$\left( 2 \right)\,\,\,x - y\,\,$$ is odd

$$x,y\,\,{\rm{ints}}\,\,\,\,\,\left( * \right)$$

$${x^2} - {y^2}\,\,\mathop = \limits^? \,\,{\rm{odd}}$$

First Approach: ("the smart way")

$$\left( 1 \right)\,\,x + y\,\,{\rm{odd}}\,\,\,\,\mathop \Rightarrow \limits^{\left( * \right)} \,\,\,\,\,x,y\,\,:\,\,\,{\rm{one}}\,\,{\rm{odd}}\,{\rm{,}}\,\,{\rm{another}}\,\,{\rm{even}}\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,x - y\,\,{\rm{odd}}\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,{\rm{SUFF}}.\,\,\,\,\left( {**} \right)$$

$$\left( 2 \right)\,\,x - y\,\,{\rm{odd}}\,\,\,\,\mathop \Rightarrow \limits^{\left( * \right)} \,\,\,\,\,x,y\,\,:\,\,\,{\rm{one}}\,\,{\rm{odd}}\,{\rm{,}}\,\,{\rm{another}}\,\,{\rm{even}}\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,x + y\,\,{\rm{odd}}\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,{\rm{SUFF}}.\,\,\,\,\left( {**} \right)$$

$$\left( {**} \right){x^2} - {y^2} = \left( {x + y} \right)\left( {x - y} \right) = {\rm{odd}} \cdot {\rm{odd}} = {\rm{odd}}\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\left\langle {{\rm{YES}}} \right\rangle$$

Second Approach: ("the elegant way")

$$\left( 1 \right)\,\,\,x + y\,\, = {\rm{odd}}\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,x - y = \underbrace {x + y}_{{\rm{odd}}} - \underbrace {\,2y\,}_{\left( * \right)\,\,{\rm{even}}} = {\rm{odd}}\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,{\rm{SUFF}}.\,\,\,\,\left( {***} \right)$$

$$\left( 2 \right)\,\,\,x - y\,\, = {\rm{odd}}\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,x + y = \underbrace {x - y}_{{\rm{odd}}} + \underbrace {\,2y\,}_{\left( * \right)\,\,{\rm{even}}} = {\rm{odd}}\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,{\rm{SUFF}}.\,\,\,\,\left( {***} \right)$$

$$\left( {***} \right){x^2} - {y^2} = \left( {x + y} \right)\left( {x - y} \right) = {\rm{odd}} \cdot {\rm{odd}} = {\rm{odd}}\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\left\langle {{\rm{YES}}} \right\rangle$$

The correct answer is therefore (D).

We follow the notations and rationale taught in the GMATH method.

Regards,
Fabio.
_________________

Fabio Skilnik :: GMATH method creator (Math for the GMAT)
Our high-level "quant" preparation starts here: https://gmath.net

Re: If x and y are integers, is x^2-y^2 odd?   [#permalink] 07 Feb 2019, 05:18
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# If x and y are integers, is x^2-y^2 odd?

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