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In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many

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In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 07 Nov 2018, 11:09
1
2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

88% (01:00) correct 12% (01:02) wrong based on 199 sessions

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In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and their selling pushed other investors to the brink.

(A) speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(B) speculators who had bought on margin; having had to sell
(C) speculators who had bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(D) speculators, those who had bought on margin; these speculators had to sell
(E) speculators, who, having bought on margin and having to sell

What is the difference between A and C?

Why C not A?

Originally posted by lys8207 on 18 Oct 2009, 17:47.
Last edited by Abhishek009 on 07 Nov 2018, 11:09, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2010, 10:56
1
In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and their selling pushed other investors to the brink.

(A) speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(B) speculators who had bought on margin; having had to sell
(C) speculators who had bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(D) speculators, those who had bought on margin; these speculators had to sell
(E) speculators, who, having bought on margin and having to sell

the stem shows a sequence of actions.... market ruined ....X who had bought Y..... therefore 'had bought' preferred as 'having bought'

therefore A and E are out..
in E.... those is unnecessary... hence out...

Between B and C.... B is wrong as the related clause is started of wrongly.

Hence C is the winner...
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Re: In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2010, 21:04
lys8207 wrote:
In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and their selling pushed other investors to the brink.

(A) speculators having bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(B) speculators who had bought on margin; having had to sell
(C) speculators who had bought on margin; they had to sell, and
(D) speculators, those who had bought on margin; these speculators had to sell
(E) speculators, who, having bought on margin and having to sell

What is the difference between A and C?

Why C not A?



As the first part of the sentence uses a time reference, it is set in a past tense, so the action of selling had preceded the first hence must be a past perfect tense, hence B and C remains.

Now coming back to the punctuation used, a semicolon disects a sentence and the second part must be independent, hence only C remains
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Re: In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many &nbs [#permalink] 08 May 2010, 21:04
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In 1929 relatively small declines in the market ruined many

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