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# In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of

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Manager
Joined: 30 May 2007
Posts: 53
In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of [#permalink]

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Updated on: 16 May 2017, 16:02
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25% (medium)

Question Stats:

68% (00:39) correct 32% (00:41) wrong based on 358 sessions

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In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average thirty-year-old male’s income; and forty-four percent in 1984.

(A) income; and forty-four percent in 1984
(B) income; in 1984 the figure was forty-four percent
(C) income, and in 1984 forty-four percent
(D) income, forty-four percent in 1984 was the figure
(E) income that rose to forty-four percent in 1984
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Originally posted by nehanishika on 15 Oct 2007, 11:55.
Last edited by hazelnut on 16 May 2017, 16:02, edited 2 times in total.
Manager
Joined: 10 Sep 2007
Posts: 147
Re: In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2007, 12:53

A is out because there is an incomplete clause after the semicolon
B corrects the error
C good contender
D awkward usage
E changes the meaning of the senctence.

between b and c I will pick B
CEO
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2509
Re: In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2007, 17:39
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nehanishika wrote:
In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average thirty-year-old male’s income; and forty-four percent in 1984.
(A) income; and forty-four percent in 1984
(B) income; in 1984 the figure was forty-four percent
(C) income, and in 1984 forty-four percent
(D) income, forty-four percent in 1984 was the figure
(E) income that rose to forty-four percent in 1984

I say B.

B correctly uses the semi colon.

A: the semi collon here caues a sentence fragment. "and forty-four percent in 1984" is not a complete thought.

C: and in 1984 doesn't properly refer to the beg. of the sentence.
D: should use a semi colon. this is a run on b/c two independent thoughts here.
E: I just didn't like this sentence. I think it changes the meaning.
Director
Joined: 22 Aug 2007
Posts: 560
Re: In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2007, 19:45
nehanishika wrote:
In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average thirty-year-old male’s income; and forty-four percent in 1984.
(A) income; and forty-four percent in 1984
(B) income; in 1984 the figure was forty-four percent
(C) income, and in 1984 forty-four percent
(D) income, forty-four percent in 1984 was the figure
(E) income that rose to forty-four percent in 1984

will go for B,

A- out, cuz the second part of the sentence after semicolon can not be an independent sentence on its own.
C- lacks verb
D- the structure of the sentence should be "forty-four percent was..."
E- changes the meaning of the original sentence.
Manager
Joined: 24 Jul 2007
Posts: 80
Re: In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2007, 23:02
IrinaOK wrote:
nehanishika wrote:
In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average thirty-year-old male’s income; and forty-four percent in 1984.
(A) income; and forty-four percent in 1984
(B) income; in 1984 the figure was forty-four percent
(C) income, and in 1984 forty-four percent
(D) income, forty-four percent in 1984 was the figure
(E) income that rose to forty-four percent in 1984

will go for B,

A- out, cuz the second part of the sentence after semicolon can not be an independent sentence on its own.
C- lacks verb
D- the structure of the sentence should be "forty-four percent was..."

E- changes the meaning of the original sentence.

Yes, I am going with B....it keeps the llism...

Question: Year....payment.....percent....
Director
Joined: 09 Aug 2006
Posts: 748
Re: In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2007, 01:19
1
KUDOS
nehanishika wrote:
In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average thirty-year-old male’s income; and forty-four percent in 1984.
(A) income; and forty-four percent in 1984
(B) income; in 1984 the figure was forty-four percent
(C) income, and in 1984 forty-four percent
(D) income, forty-four percent in 1984 was the figure
(E) income that rose to forty-four percent in 1984

Tough call b/w B & C.

The sentence wants to say:

In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average thirty-year-old male’s income and in 1984 [they represented] forty-four percent [of an avg. thirty yr old male's income]

I pick C since according to me, the parts in brackets are understood.

What's the OA and OE?

I would like to know why parts in the bracket are not understood if the answer is B.
Intern
Joined: 28 Dec 2007
Posts: 1
Re: In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of [#permalink]

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28 Dec 2007, 21:34
I will go with B as well. Makes perfect sense since using the semi-colon is the only way out!
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Re: In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2017, 10:52
(A) income; and forty-four percent in 1984 .... ; and is wrong
(B) income; in 1984 the figure was forty-four percent, Independent clause ; independent clause ..correct
(C) income, and in 1984 forty-four percent... verb is missing
(D) income, forty-four percent in 1984 was the figure , Two IC connected with comma is wrong
(E) income that rose to forty-four percent in 1984....income that implies same income
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In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2017, 19:40
1
KUDOS
nehanishika wrote:
In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average thirty-year-old male’s income; and forty-four percent in 1984.

(A) income; and forty-four percent in 1984
(B) income; in 1984 the figure was forty-four percent
(C) income, and in 1984 forty-four percent
(D) income, forty-four percent in 1984 was the figure
(E) income that rose to forty-four percent in 1984

A is out as we have to connect two independent sentences with semicolon
B correct as the sentence after semicolon provides additional information .
C not correct although semicolon is not there but we do have a proper comparison 44 % of what.
D it awkward
E it was not the income that rose , it was mortgage payments.
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Re: In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2017, 21:34
nehanishika wrote:
In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average thirty-year-old male’s income; and forty-four percent in 1984.

(A) income; and forty-four percent in 1984
(B) income; in 1984 the figure was forty-four percent
(C) income, and in 1984 forty-four percent
(D) income, forty-four percent in 1984 was the figure
(E) income that rose to forty-four percent in 1984

it is hard.
look at choice C.
if we use ellipsis, we need a paralelism. there is no paralelism here so, C is wrong.
this point is hard.
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Re: In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2017, 17:25
nehanishika wrote:
In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average thirty-year-old male’s income; and forty-four percent in 1984.

(A) income; and forty-four percent in 1984
(B) income; in 1984 the figure was forty-four percent
(C) income, and in 1984 forty-four percent
(D) income, forty-four percent in 1984 was the figure
(E) income that rose to forty-four percent in 1984

I have chosen B, because it sounds better than C.

But i don't have exact explanation how to eliminate C.
From one side we do not need to repeat the verb if the tense is same for 2 parts of the sentence.
From the other side option
"income, and in 1984 represented forty-four percent" sounds much better.

Can someone, please, shed light on this issue?
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Location: Malaysia
Re: In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2018, 22:14
nehanishika wrote:
In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of an average thirty-year-old male’s income; and forty-four percent in 1984.

(A) income; and forty-four percent in 1984
(B) income; in 1984 the figure was forty-four percent
(C) income, and in 1984 forty-four percent
(D) income, forty-four percent in 1984 was the figure
(E) income that rose to forty-four percent in 1984

To establish the clearest comparison between circumstances in 1973 and those in 1984, a separate clause is needed to describe each year.

Choices A and C, in failing to use separate clauses, are too elliptical and therefore unclear.

Choice A also incorrectly uses and and a semicolon to separate an independent clause and a phrase.

Choice D incorrectly separates two independent clauses with a comma; moreover, the placement of in 1984 is awkward and confusing.

In choice E, that refers illogically to income, thereby producing the misstatement that income rather than mortgage payments rose to forty-four percent in 1984.

Choice B is best; two properly constructed clauses that clearly express the comparison are separated by a semicolon.
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Re: In 1973 mortgage payments represented twenty-one percent of   [#permalink] 18 Mar 2018, 22:14
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