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In addition to those specified for professions, the corporations maint

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In addition to those specified for professions, the corporations maint  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 24 Dec 2018, 23:11
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Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (01:08) correct 51% (01:03) wrong based on 145 sessions

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In addition to those specified for professions, the corporations maintained endowments in purely academic fields, especially in the physical sciences.


(A) the corporations maintained endowments in purely academic fields, especially in the physical sciences.

(B) the corporations had maintained purely academic endowments like those of the physical sciences.

(C) in purely academic fields, endowments, especially in the physical sciences, were maintained by the corporations.

(D) the endowments were maintained in purely academic fields, especially in the physical sciences, by the corporations.

(E) purely academic endowments, especially for those fields like the physical sciences, were maintained by the corporations.

Originally posted by parijit on 24 Dec 2018, 23:09.
Last edited by Bunuel on 24 Dec 2018, 23:11, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: In addition to those specified for professions, the corporations maint  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2019, 13:37
parijit wrote:
In addition to those specified for professions, the corporations maintained endowments in purely academic fields, especially in the physical sciences.


(A) the corporations maintained endowments in purely academic fields, especially in the physical sciences.

(B) the corporations had maintained purely academic endowments like those of the physical sciences.

(C) in purely academic fields, endowments, especially in the physical sciences, were maintained by the corporations.

(D) the endowments were maintained in purely academic fields, especially in the physical sciences, by the corporations.

(E) purely academic endowments, especially for those fields like the physical sciences, were maintained by the corporations.


Great question, here's my reasoning:

A) The start of the sentence is "In addition to those specified for professions,". What is "those" referring to? It can't be corporations, so it must be endowments. Hence A is incorrect since the first dependent clause is modifying the wrong noun.

B) In addition to what was said for A, the use of the past perfect here is wrong.

C) "In addition to X, in Y" is not legal grammatically. Even if it was, is "those" referring to academic fields? No it is not. This answer is incorrect.

D) CORRECT, it corrects the mistake made in A. The modifier is now correctly modifying the right noun.

E) What is "those" referring to in the subordinate clause in the middle of the sentence? It is vague hence this answer choice is incorrect.

Answer :D

One quick note to make: It seems like the use of passive voice is not absolutely wrong. D is using PV.
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In addition to those specified for professions, the corporations maint  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2019, 13:45
In addition to those specified for professions, the corporations maintained endowments in purely academic fields, especially in the physical sciences.

(A) the corporations maintained endowments in purely academic fields, especially in the physical sciences.
Does not seem correct, because in addition cannot modify corporations
Noun modifier should touch the noun we wish to modify, which is endowments


(B) the corporations had maintained purely academic endowments like those of the physical sciences.

Same modifier error as a. Like those of is a strange comparison, it is unecessary and changes meaning.


(C) in purely academic fields, endowments, especially in the physical sciences, were maintained by the corporations.

Modifier error. In addition...professions does not modify purely academic fields, does not make any sense.


(D) the endowments were maintained in purely academic fields, especially in the physical sciences, by the corporations.

This is correct because modifier correctly touches endowments. Meaning is clear. Clause placed correctly.


(E) purely academic endowments, especially for those fields like the physical sciences, were maintained by the corporations.
Nope, meaning completely distorted. Endowments were in ourely academic fields, they themselves were not necessarily purely academic. Trap answer.

Hence, Option D is correct. Some correct answers can be in passive voice too as long as the meaning is clear.
In GMAT, meaning is more important than grammar.

Hope that helps!
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Re: In addition to those specified for professions, the corporations maint  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2019, 22:36
In addition to those specified for professions, the corporations maintained endowments in purely academic fields, especially in the physical sciences.

The first part "those" refer to endowments , hence after comma endowments should be compared or refrerred to

(A) the corporations maintained endowments in purely academic fields, especially in the physical sciences. In this stmt the subject changes to corporations. the reference for "those" in previous clause becomes"corporations" . Incorrect

(B) the corporations had maintained purely academic endowments like those of the physical sciences. Same error as A

(C) in purely academic fields, endowments, especially in the physical sciences, were maintained by the corporations. after comma it adds the phrase " in purely academic fields" which makes the reference far away for those

(D) the endowments were maintained in purely academic fields, especially in the physical sciences, by the corporations. Seems correct . Keep it

(E) purely academic endowments, especially for those fields like the physical sciences, were maintained by the corporations. similar to D however use of like is incorrect and "were maintained by" is very far from endowment.
D is better
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Re: In addition to those specified for professions, the corporations maint &nbs [#permalink] 05 Jan 2019, 22:36
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