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# In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking

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Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Jul 2008
Posts: 289
In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2008, 23:49
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Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

100% (02:28) correct 0% (00:00) wrong based on 1 sessions

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In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A petition entitled
“Petition for Statewide Smoking Restriction” is being circulated to voters by campaign
workers who ask only, “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking
restriction?” The petition advocates a state law banning smoking in most retail
establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.
Which of the following circumstances would make the petition as circulated misleading
to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?

A. Health costs associated with smoking cause health insurance premiums to rise for
everyone and so affect nonsmokers.
B. In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and
government offices that are open to the public.
C. The state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances, which contain
stronger bans than the state law does.
D. There is considerable sentiment among voters in most areas of the state for
restriction of smoking.
E. The state law would not affect existing local ordinances banning smoking in
places where the fire authorities have determined that smoking would constitute a
fire hazard.

pls explain .. will post the OA after a few trials
Director
Joined: 23 May 2008
Posts: 799

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03 Nov 2008, 00:04
stallone wrote:
In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A petition entitled
“Petition for Statewide Smoking Restriction” is being circulated to voters by campaign
workers who ask only, “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking
restriction?” The petition advocates a state law banning smoking in most retail
establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.
Which of the following circumstances would make the petition as circulated misleading
to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?

A. Health costs associated with smoking cause health insurance premiums to rise for
everyone and so affect nonsmokers.
B. In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and
government offices that are open to the public.
C. The state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances, which contain
stronger bans than the state law does.
D. There is considerable sentiment among voters in most areas of the state for
restriction of smoking.
E. The state law would not affect existing local ordinances banning smoking in
places where the fire authorities have determined that smoking would constitute a
fire hazard.

pls explain .. will post the OA after a few trials

I would go with C

the locals think the local law is being expanded, but the state law is actually being considered. This means that laws that the locals are comfortable with may be changed
Manager
Joined: 26 Oct 2008
Posts: 116

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03 Nov 2008, 00:13
Yes, it's C. The wording is very creative, but we can look at it as a Weaken question. The voters mentioned in the question are drawing the conclusion that the proposal will extend local laws statewide. The evidence only says that there ARE local antismoking laws, and that the proposed state law will ban smoking in most retail establishments and in gov't offices that are open to the public. The voters are misled if their conclusion is NOT true, and so anything that breaks the connection between evidence and conclusion implies that they are misled.

The obvious assumption is that the local laws do the same thing as the proposed state laws. C denies this assumption, thereby breaking the connection, weakening the "argument", and showing that the voters are misled.
_________________

Grumpy

Kaplan Canada LSAT/GMAT/GRE teacher and tutor

Director
Joined: 14 Aug 2007
Posts: 726

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03 Nov 2008, 00:40
C.

The statewide law is less stringent than the local ordinance.

The voters who consider the statewide law as extension of local ordinance, will vote for it thinking that it will be equivalent to local ordinance. But will end up in having a less stringent law. Thus misleading.
Manager
Joined: 12 Jun 2008
Posts: 76

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03 Nov 2008, 00:53
C as well
Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Jul 2008
Posts: 289

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03 Nov 2008, 11:17
C definitely makes more sense But the OA is E (GMAT paper tests ; actually in these tests i have found quite a few answers suspicious )

Anyways i marked D ; thinking that the question is asking that in which way this campaign might mislead voters (in general)

i thought because the stimulus is talking about voters then a misleading might happen if the act is "politically motivated" and if voters are sentimental about a issue and some campaigners push that issue more they will get a "advantage" .
VP
Joined: 30 Jun 2008
Posts: 1026

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03 Nov 2008, 11:24
stallone wrote:
C definitely makes more sense But the OA is E (GMAT paper tests ; actually in these tests i have found quite a few answers suspicious )

Anyways i marked D ; thinking that the question is asking that in which way this campaign might mislead voters (in general)

i thought because the stimulus is talking about voters then a misleading might happen if the act is "politically motivated" and if voters are sentimental about a issue and some campaigners push that issue more they will get a "advantage" .

This cannot be from the official GMAT Paper tests ... may be you are talking about GMAT sets ....

Ok ... does the GMAT Paper test from which you got this question have any Test Code ?
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"You have to find it. No one else can find it for you." - Bjorn Borg

SVP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1529

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03 Nov 2008, 11:34
I also picked C. But I am having hard time trying to support OA. Is it becuase E says that the state law would nto affect one aspect of the local ordinances (and hence it would affect all other aspects of the local ordinances) and hence would result into the citizens getting misled?
Manager
Joined: 26 Oct 2008
Posts: 116

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04 Nov 2008, 08:54
You should probably contact GMAC and ask. It looks like a typo -- there is no way that E could be correct.
_________________

Grumpy

Kaplan Canada LSAT/GMAT/GRE teacher and tutor

Re: cr ...   [#permalink] 04 Nov 2008, 08:54
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# In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking

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