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In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile ac

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In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile ac  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 21 Aug 2018, 23:52
2
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A
B
C
D
E

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  85% (hard)

Question Stats:

43% (01:50) correct 57% (01:58) wrong based on 67 sessions

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In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.

Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument above EXCEPT:


(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts than are people in the United States.

(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers receive training in how best to react in the event of an accident to minimize injuries to themselves and to their passengers.

(C) Cars built for the European market tend to have more sturdy construction than do cars built for the United States market.

(D) Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe.

(E) States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents.

Originally posted by Vicky on 29 Sep 2003, 03:46.
Last edited by Bunuel on 21 Aug 2018, 23:52, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2010, 13:09
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In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.
IMO.... D

Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument above EXCEPT:

(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts than are people in the United States. - Weakens

(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers receive training in how best to react in the event of an accident to minimize injuries to themselves and to their passengers. - Weakens

(C) Cars built for the European market tend to have more sturdy construction than do cars built for the United States market. - Weakens

(D) Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe. - Correct. As this statement has no effect on the conclusion of the stem. The conclusion is "the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better." This option only says the passengers have greater chance of accident in US. The reason could be anything!

(E) States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents. - Weakens
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile ac  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2003, 07:15
A

Autor argues that safety belts are the primary cause in reducing the severity of injuries in accidents. A supports this assumption
All other undermine the argument
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile ac  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2003, 11:35
Brainless wrote:
A

Autor argues that safety belts are the primary cause in reducing the severity of injuries in accidents. A supports this assumption
All other undermine the argument


Brain

A weakens the argument...its says that its not the seat belt, its the
tendency not to wear seat belts that causes the accidents.

I think D

We dont know what statistical basis is used for this statement...
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile ac  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2003, 17:38
praetorian123 wrote:
Brainless wrote:
A

Autor argues that safety belts are the primary cause in reducing the severity of injuries in accidents. A supports this assumption
All other undermine the argument


Brain

A weakens the argument...its says that its not the seat belt, its the
tendency not to wear seat belts that causes the accidents.

I think D

We dont know what statistical basis is used for this statement...


I still feel choice A gives more than enough info to support the assumption made by author , that, not wearing a properly designed safety belt(in US) is as good in resulting more severe injuries as 'wearing an improperly designed safety belt'

As far as D is concerned, It merely emphasizes a stastistical report that there are more accidents in US than in Europe, but does not make one believe that how many of these accidents actually resulted in severe injuries for not wearing a safety belt. Therfore it neither strengthens nor weakens the argument.

Please clarify
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile ac  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2003, 14:01
brain,

i think you just answered you own question in your last post....A is wrong b/c:

the issue: Europe has less severe accidents b/c it has stringent safety belt laws (better type of belt or whatever...),....then the argument says that the US needs to adopt this type of safety belt standard to better protect passengers....

we need to find something that doesn't weaken this argument...and the best way to do that is to eliminate everything that does weaken this argument...and in order to weaken the argument, we just need to show that the even if the safety belt standards were adopted in the US, the accidents would still be severe...or in other words...there is another reason that the accidents in Europe are less severe

A:clearly weakens the argument b/c it shows that Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts...remember that the argument says that better safety belts would make injuries less severe in the US...well, if the Europeans are more likely to wear them, then that destroys the argument...b/c even though the US might have better belts, they're not going to wear them so the argument is moot....

and if you read closely B, C, and E all give "other" reasons why the accidents in Europe are less severe...and remember as I said before, an alternate cause is what we need to show lack of support for the conclusion....

consequently, the only choice left is D...and as you said Brainless, D neither supports or weakens the argument....which is what makes it the correct answer...remember, we are not looking for an answer that supports the conclusion...the question merely asks, which one does NOT WEAKEN the argument....and that would be D....precisely b/c it does nothing...it just gives us some useless information....we don't care what else it does to the argument, it could support it or not...BUT AS LONG AS IT DOES NOT WEAKEN THE ARGUMET, it is the answer...hope that makes sense...
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jan 2010, 11:42
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SudiptoGmat wrote:
In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe, where laws require a different kind of safety belt. It is clear from this that the United States needs to adopt more stringent standards for safety belt design to protect automobile passengers better.
Each of the following, if true, weakens the argument above EXCEPT:
(A) Europeans are more likely to wear safety belts than are people in the United States.
Clearly explains that its not the belt but the habit of europeans. So out

(B) Unlike United States drivers, European drivers receive training in how best to react in the event of an accident to minimize injuries to themselves and to their passengers.
Clearly explains that its not the belt but the training which help them. So out

(C) Cars built for the European market tend to have more sturdy construction than do cars built for the United States market.
If the car is more sturdy them chances of severe accident becomes less. so out

(D) Automobile passengers in the United States have a greater statistical chance of being involved in an accident than do passengers in Europe.
Completely out of scope and doesnt explain why safety belt will not reduce the chances of severe accident

(E) States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents.
So belt is not so effective as was thought to be so out


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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2016, 11:54
I have a doubt with E, argument says United States needs to adopt more stringent standards
why because in US passengers involved in auto mobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe
and in Europe require a different kind of safety belt.
What if same Europe is applied in states and injurious severity reduces.
to strengthen assumption is Europe seat belt is not able to reduce severity hence US need more standard.
PLease explain
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In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2016, 02:36
mbaprep2016 wrote:
I have a doubt with E, argument says United States needs to adopt more stringent standards
why because in US passengers involved in auto mobile accidents are typically more severe than in Europe
and in Europe require a different kind of safety belt.
What if same Europe is applied in states and injurious severity reduces.
to strengthen assumption is Europe seat belt is not able to reduce severity hence US need more standard.
PLease explain


No, E says "States that have recently begun requiring the European safety belt have experienced no reduction in the average severity of injuries suffered by passengers in automobile accidents." This point itself makes doubt if the European safety belt was the only reason in reduction of injuries in Europe, as the same when applied to other nations didn't provide similar or near to similar results. Thus , it could happen that seat belt is not something that is causing severe accidents in US. hence, E is a weakener.
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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile ac  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2018, 23:55
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: In the United States, injuries to passengers involved in automobile ac &nbs [#permalink] 21 Aug 2018, 23:55
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