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# It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded

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It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2016, 04:08
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It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, may have been the largest hunting mammal ever to walk the Earth.

(A) It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth,

(B) It stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum was a giant ground sloth and

(C) The giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum, having stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, it

(D) Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth,

(E) Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, it wielded seven-inch claws, and the giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum

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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2016, 04:29
A. It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, - Incorrect - Awkward

B. It stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum was a giant ground sloth and - Incorrect - Awkward

C. The giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum, having stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, it - Incorrect - Awkward

D. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, - Correct - There are no modifier or parallelism errors and the sentence conveys the intended meaning without any ambiguity.

E. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, it wielded seven-inch claws, and the giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum - Incorrect - Awkward

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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2016, 04:34
Gnpth wrote:
It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, may have been the largest hunting mammal ever to walk the Earth.

A. It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, --- the construction should normally have the it after the sloth however the usage of and is the major factor
B. It stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum was a giant ground sloth and ----awkward construction again
C. The giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum, having stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, it -----incorrect usage of having
D. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, ----weighing,and wielding parallel and no modifier issue ---best of the lot !!
E. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, it wielded seven-inch claws, and the giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum

D is the best of the lot and should be the answer !!
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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2016, 03:06
It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, may have been the largest hunting mammal ever to walk the Earth.

A. It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth,
B. It stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum was a giant ground sloth and
C. The giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum, having stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, it
D. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth,
E. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, it wielded seven-inch claws, and the giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum

A - Usage of and is wrong
B - Usage of was
C - No verb for the first part of sentence.
E - Awkward
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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2016, 07:00
1
Gnpth wrote:
It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, may have been the largest hunting mammal ever to walk the Earth.

A. It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth,
B. It stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum was a giant ground sloth and
C. The giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum, having stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, it
D. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth,
E. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, it wielded seven-inch claws, and the giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum

Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, may have been the largest hunting mammal ever to walk the Earth.

Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, may have been the largest hunting mammal ever to walk the Earth.

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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2016, 07:54
A question regarding the usage of "and"
- in parallel elements of a list
- as a conjunction

X, Y and Z -> parallel elements in a list connected by "and"
X, Y, and Z -> Z is a clause connected by the conjunction"and"

If my understanding (above) is correct, can someone explain how parallelism is maintained in this question with ", and" structure in all the below answer choices?

A. It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth,
B. It stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum was a giant ground sloth and
C. The giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum, having stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, it
D. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth,

P.S. Please ignore the differences in weilded/weilding, stood/standing, weighed/weighing for now

http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-grammar-book-coordinating-conjunctions-part-i-97274.html

Thanks
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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2016, 01:27
It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, may have been the largest hunting mammal ever to walk the Earth.

A. It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, - Incorrect meaning - usage of and
B. It stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum was a giant ground sloth and - Run on sentence
C. The giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum, having stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, it - Not a sentence
D. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, - Correct
E. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, it wielded seven-inch claws, and the giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum - Incorrect - usage of and is improper here . Also "it "violates parallelism

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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2017, 17:20
It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, may have been the largest hunting mammal ever to walk the Earth.

Issues: Modifier

Analysis:
- The main subject of the sentence is Megatherium americanum
- The core of the sentence is "... Megatherium americanum may have been the largest hunting mammal ever ..."
- Hence, we need to use verb-ing for the verbs (stand, weigh and wield) to correctly modify the main subject

A. It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth,
- Incorrect usage of "and"

B. It stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum was a giant ground sloth and
- Run sentence (comma splice)

C. The giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum, having stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, it
- Fragment
- Run on sentence

D. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth,
- Has the correct structure: Standing.., weighing.. and weilding..., MA may have been ....

E. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, it wielded seven-inch claws, and the giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum
- Incorrect usage of "and"
- Parallelism issues
- (not sure about this one) it seems like "giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum" is missing either punctuation or a word. A better way to write it would be:
--- giant ground sloth, Megatherium americanum, ...
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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2017, 10:13
hi,

why is option A wrong and option D correct?

request to explain

thanks
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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2017, 14:12
Ashokshiva wrote:
hi,

why is option A wrong and option D correct?

request to explain

thanks

A is wrong because the double use of "and"

It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth
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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2017, 14:26
1
In addition to the redundant use of "and", choice A is also incorrect for beginning with the ambiguous pronoun "it" which could refer to either "Megatherium americanum" or "a giant ground sloth". Thus, the sentence would not correctly indicate that the two items are one and the same in the way that choice D does.
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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2017, 14:45
A. It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and(this is placed in a wrong spot) Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth,
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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2017, 17:38
Smokeybear00 wrote:
Ashokshiva wrote:
hi,

why is option A wrong and option D correct?

request to explain

thanks

A is wrong because the double use of "and"

It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth

if a semicolon is used instead of the second "and" to connect the two IC would the option be correct?
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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2017, 18:18
1
1
Ashokshiva wrote:
if a semicolon is used instead of the second "and" to connect the two IC would the option be correct?

If you replaced the comma + "and" in (A) with a semicolon, you'd have the following:

It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws; Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, may have been the largest hunting mammal ever to walk the Earth.

In terms of the semicolon use, sure -- it would be completely fine, as long as there are two independent clauses separated by that semicolon. But I'm not sure why we would choose to write it this way. All of the characteristics in the first clause modify the giant ground sloth, so we're much better off with (D), because all of those characteristics are structured as modifiers. In the modified version of (A) with a semicolon, it seems like we're just telling two separate stories about this animal, and that doesn't make quite as much sense.

I hope this helps!
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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2017, 18:20
1
Top Contributor
It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth[, may have been the largest hunting mammal ever to walk the Earth.

A. It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, - Choice A's problem doesn't stem the use of 'and'. There e two sentences, the first one is a list containing three factors, but essentially depending on the next indecent clause for the pronoun reference. The biggest lacuna is that we cannot say for sure that 'it' stands for MA, as there is no connect between the two independent clauses. If you do not use the fanboys 'and', then the situation turns still worse, the clause becoming a comma splice.
B. It stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum was a giant ground sloth and --- a comma splice
C. The giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum, having stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, it ---- 'it' starts a new IC and it is a comma splice.
D. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, - Correct
E. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, it wielded seven-inch claws, and the giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum -- faulty modification. A comma should have been used between the two back - to back adjectives that modify the pronoun it, because if they are not coordinate adjectives. Yet again both the ICs are standing aloof without a meaningful connect.

This topic is essentially a test of identifying the comma splices and proper conjugation of multiple modifiers.

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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2018, 11:53
1
EGMAT

anox wrote:
It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, may have been the largest hunting mammal ever to walk the Earth.

Issues: Modifier

Analysis:
- The main subject of the sentence is Megatherium americanum
- The core of the sentence is "... Megatherium americanum may have been the largest hunting mammal ever ..."
- Hence, we need to use verb-ing for the verbs (stand, weigh and wield) to correctly modify the main subject

A. It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth,
- Incorrect usage of "and"

B. It stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum was a giant ground sloth and
- Run sentence (comma splice)

C. The giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum, having stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, it
- Fragment
- Run on sentence

D. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth,
- Has the correct structure: Standing.., weighing.. and weilding..., MA may have been ....

E. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, it wielded seven-inch claws, and the giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum
- Incorrect usage of "and"
- Parallelism issues
- (not sure about this one) it seems like "giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum" is missing either punctuation or a word. A better way to write it would be:
--- giant ground sloth, Megatherium americanum, ...

whether GMAT prefers the placeholder IT structure.in this example can i reject option A and B just ON THE BASIS OF PLACEHOLDER IT structure?
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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2018, 11:59
GMATNinja wrote:
Ashokshiva wrote:
if a semicolon is used instead of the second "and" to connect the two IC would the option be correct?

If you replaced the comma + "and" in (A) with a semicolon, you'd have the following:

It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws; Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, may have been the largest hunting mammal ever to walk the Earth.

In terms of the semicolon use, sure -- it would be completely fine, as long as there are two independent clauses separated by that semicolon. But I'm not sure why we would choose to write it this way. All of the characteristics in the first clause modify the giant ground sloth, so we're much better off with (D), because all of those characteristics are structured as modifiers. In the modified version of (A) with a semicolon, it seems like we're just telling two separate stories about this animal, and that doesn't make quite as much sense.

I hope this helps!

whether GMAT prefers the placeholder IT structure.in this QUESTION, can i reject option A and B just ON THE BASIS OF PLACEHOLDER IT structure?
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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded  [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2018, 07:36
1
JAIN09 wrote:
EGMAT

anox wrote:
It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth, may have been the largest hunting mammal ever to walk the Earth.

Issues: Modifier

Analysis:
- The main subject of the sentence is Megatherium americanum
- The core of the sentence is "... Megatherium americanum may have been the largest hunting mammal ever ..."
- Hence, we need to use verb-ing for the verbs (stand, weigh and wield) to correctly modify the main subject

A. It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded seven-inch claws, and Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth,
- Incorrect usage of "and"

B. It stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum was a giant ground sloth and
- Run sentence (comma splice)

C. The giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum, having stood twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, it
- Fragment
- Run on sentence

D. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, and wielding seven-inch claws, Megatherium americanum, a giant ground sloth,
- Has the correct structure: Standing.., weighing.. and weilding..., MA may have been ....

E. Standing twelve feet tall, weighing nine thousand pounds, it wielded seven-inch claws, and the giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum
- Incorrect usage of "and"
- Parallelism issues
- (not sure about this one) it seems like "giant ground sloth Megatherium americanum" is missing either punctuation or a word. A better way to write it would be:
--- giant ground sloth, Megatherium americanum, ...

whether GMAT prefers the placeholder IT structure.in this example can i reject option A and B just ON THE BASIS OF PLACEHOLDER IT structure?

The pronoun 'it' used in option A and B is not a placeholder.
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Re: It stood twelve feet tall, weighed nine thousand pounds, and wielded &nbs [#permalink] 08 Feb 2018, 07:36
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