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Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th

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Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2016
Practice Question
Question No.:73
Page: 261

Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, and they occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

(A) Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, and they occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

(B) Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos, surviving on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

(C) Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range, the Malay peninsula and the islands of Sumatra and Borneo are where fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive.

(D) Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range, fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo.

(E) Surviving on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, less than 400 Sumatran rhinos occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Originally posted by nycgirl212 on 04 Jun 2016, 13:36.
Last edited by GMATNinjaTwo on 06 Apr 2018, 08:47, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2016, 19:15
fewer and less is the point

but the new lession is that

in the pattern
comma+doing+ main clause

the action presented by doing and by main verb can be interchangeble.

is that right?
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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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nycgirl212 wrote:
Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2016
Practice Question
Question No.:73
Page: 261
Difficulty:


Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, and they occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

A) Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, and they occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

B) Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos, surviving on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

C) Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range, the Malay peninsula and the islands of Sumatra and Borneo are where fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive.

D) Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range, fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo.

E) Surviving on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, less than 400 Sumatran rhinos occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.


1)The first split is LESS vs FEW..
since he # of rhinos is countable, FEW is correct here...... ONLY C and D are left..

2)In C, the phrase -Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range- is wrongly modifying regions/Areas Malay and Sumatra, whereas it should modify Rhinos.
D is corret answer
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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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thangvietnam wrote:
fewer and less is the point

but the new lession is that

in the pattern
comma+doing+ main clause

the action presented by doing and by main verb can be interchangeble.

is that right?


In option B meaning of the sentence changes.
Usage of verb-ing modifier surviving on… conveys that there are certain number of Sumatran rhinos that survive in the mentioned peninsula and islands and that these rhinos occupy a small portion of their original range. This opens up the possibility that these Rhinos could be elsewhere too. However, the original sentence intends to convey that the Sumatran Rhinos exist only in the mentioned places and not anywhere else.
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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, and they occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

A) Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, and they occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.
Less than is wrong here, as 400 Sumatran rhinos are mentioned which means the rhinos are countable. Also, notice what does 'they' refer to?

B) Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos, surviving on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range. Same mistake as A i.e. Less than

C) Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range, the Malay peninsula and the islands of Sumatra and Borneo are where fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive.
Though fewer than is correct in this sentence, but, as per the Comma Subject rule, after the first comma, Rhinos should be mentioned not the Malay peninsula and the islands of Sumatra

D) Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range, fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo.
Usage of 'fewer than' is correct and as you can notice, the comma subject rule is also in place for this sentence structure

E) Surviving on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, less than 400 Sumatran rhinos occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.
Less than is again wrong over here.
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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2016, 07:33
A,B - Wordy and rhetorical constructions
C - Incorrect Modifier placements
E - A Contender but may be the addition of word "the less than" instead of merely "less" could have made sent.
.
D - this is the best choice with no construction / modifier errors
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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2016, 22:47
chetan2u wrote:
nycgirl212 wrote:
Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2016
Practice Question
Question No.:73
Page: 261
Difficulty:


Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, and they occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

A) Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, and they occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

B) Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos, surviving on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

C) Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range, the Malay peninsula and the islands of Sumatra and Borneo are where fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive.

D) Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range, fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo.

E) Surviving on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, less than 400 Sumatran rhinos occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.


1)The first split is LESS vs FEW..
since he # of rhinos is countable, FEW is correct here...... ONLY C and D are left..

2)In C, the phrase -Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range- is wrongly modifying regions/Areas Malay and Sumatra, whereas it should modify Rhinos.
D is corret answer


Other than the less than error, could you explain what the meaning error is?
Thanks

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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2016, 02:22
Should not the phrase "Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range," modify Sumatran rhinos ? So it should be followed by Sumatran rhinos rather than starting with fewer.

I am a little confused on this one.
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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2016, 13:56
somtsat99 wrote:
Should not the phrase "Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range," modify Sumatran rhinos ? So it should be followed by Sumatran rhinos rather than starting with fewer.

I am a little confused on this one.


In my opinion, It can followed by noun or a noun phrase. So here "fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos" is a noun phrase and thus looks good.
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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2017, 02:53
chetan2u wrote:
nycgirl212 wrote:
Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2016
Practice Question
Question No.:73
Page: 261
Difficulty:


Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, and they occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

A) Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, and they occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

B) Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos, surviving on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

C) Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range, the Malay peninsula and the islands of Sumatra and Borneo are where fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive.

D) Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range, fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo.

E) Surviving on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, less than 400 Sumatran rhinos occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.


1)The first split is LESS vs FEW..
since he # of rhinos is countable, FEW is correct here...... ONLY C and D are left..

2)In C, the phrase -Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range- is wrongly modifying regions/Areas Malay and Sumatra, whereas it should modify Rhinos.
D is correct answer


Hi chetan2u,

Just wanted to clarify my doubt in option D, the phrase -Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range- is followed by fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. is it noun phrase?

Counfused a little bit -ing modifier , noun is the rule right
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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2017, 02:10
Between C and D, how can rhinos be occupying their own former range in option D? The malay peninsula and the islands of sumatra should be doing the occupying right - as indicated correctly in option C?

Can someone please clarify this doubt? Thank you.
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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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OreoShake wrote:
Between C and D, how can rhinos be occupying their own former range in option D? The malay peninsula and the islands of sumatra should be doing the occupying right - as indicated correctly in option C?

Can someone please clarify this doubt? Thank you.


"To occupy" means "to exist in" or "to use a place".

Someone occupies some place. Places cannot occupy place.

The British (someone) occupied India (some place).... correct.

Hence option C is wrong, and option D is correct.
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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2017, 08:24
Thank you Sayantan. This is clear.

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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, and they occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

Issue: Modifier

Analysis:
1. First split to notice in options is "Less than" vs "Fewer than". Since, "rhinos" are countable we need to use "Fewer than" (eliminate A, B and E)
2. "Occupying a small fraction.." should modify "rhinos" to make sensible sentence. "Rhinos" are the main subject of the sentence who are occupying the fraction of range. (eliminate C)


A) Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, and they occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

B) Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos, surviving on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

C) Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range, the Malay peninsula and the islands of Sumatra and Borneo are where fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive.

D) Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range, fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo.

E) Surviving on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, less than 400 Sumatran rhinos occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

Answer: (D)

PS: There might be other errors in the incorrect options that I have not mentioned here.
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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2017, 19:32
Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, and they occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

A) Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, and they occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

B) Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos, surviving on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

C) Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range, the Malay peninsula and the islands of Sumatra and Borneo are where fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive.
--> Occupying a small fraction... wrongly modifies the Malay peninsula and the islands of

D) Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range, fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo.
--> correct.

E) Surviving on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, less than 400 Sumatran rhinos occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.
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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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All but 'D' are flawed - fewer than 400 … rhinos is right usage in the choice "D".
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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2017, 09:44
Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, and they occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.



(A) Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, and they occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

1. Less than 400 rhinos survive on X & Y
2. Over and above this they also occupy Sumatran rhino's former range (Area)


Nonsenscial

(B) Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos, surviving on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

change in meaning : less than 400 rhinos do not occupy

(C) Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range, the Malay peninsula and the islands of Sumatra and Borneo are where fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive.
[color=#ff0000]
wrong modification : Verb -ing modifier "Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range" is modifying Sub of clause "the Malay peninsula and the islands of Sumatra and Borneo"
: nonsensical[/color]

(D) Occupying a small fraction of the species’ former range, fewer than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo.

Correct

(E) Surviving on the Malay peninsula and on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo, less than 400 Sumatran rhinos occupy a small fraction of the species’ former range.

same as B
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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2018, 13:14
Hi sayantanc2k,

I am sorry if I am asking a very basic question here.

Less than vs Fewer than : We use less for non-countable nouns and fewer for countable nouns.

But look at the statement below-

1.Bitcoins plummets more than 30% in less than a day
2. Women earns 14-20% less than men
3. How to cook in less than 30 mins

why use of less than here is correct in all these statements?
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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th [#permalink]

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New post 05 Apr 2018, 07:21
+1 for option D.

The split here is between fewer and less. # of rhinos is a countable entity. Moreover less can be used when you are making a comparison --> Say , the #of rhinos in region X is less than the # of rhinos in region Y. If you wish to compare with respect to a threshold, use fewer.

Hence option D !
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Re: Less than 400 Sumatran rhinos survive on the Malay peninsula and on th   [#permalink] 05 Apr 2018, 07:21
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