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# Light utility trucks have become popular among consumers

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Light utility trucks have become popular among consumers  [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2017, 20:59
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

75% (01:45) correct 25% (02:00) wrong based on 404 sessions

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Light utility trucks have become popular among consumers who buy them primarily for the trucks’ rugged appearance. Yet although these trucks are tough-looking, they are exempt from the government’s car-safety standards that dictate
minimum roof strength and minimum resistance to impact. Therefore, if involved in a serious high-impact accident, a driver of one of these trucks is more likely to be injured than is a driver of a car that is subject to these government standards.

The argument depends on the assumption that

(A) the government has established safety standards for the construction of light utility trucks
(B) people who buy automobiles solely for their appearance are more likely than other people to drive recklessly
(C) light utility trucks are more likely than other kinds of vehicles to be involved in accidents that result in injuries
(D) the trucks’ rugged appearance is deceptive in that their engines are not especially powerful
(E) light utility trucks are less likely to meet the car-safety standards than are cars that are subject to the standards

Source: LSAT

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Re: Light utility trucks have become popular among consumers  [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2017, 04:09
If you negate C...argument fails...
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Re: Light utility trucks have become popular among consumers  [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2017, 04:24
1

(A) the government has established safety standards for the construction of light utility trucks - Irrelevant
(B) people who buy automobiles solely for their appearance are more likely than other people to drive recklessly - Irrelevant
(C) light utility trucks are more likely than other kinds of vehicles to be involved in accidents that result in injuries - Likelihood of getting into an accident is not required. Hence, it is out of scope
(D) the trucks’ rugged appearance is deceptive in that their engines are not especially powerful - Irrelevant
(E) light utility trucks are less likely to meet the car-safety standards than are cars that are subject to the standards - If we negate this option we get "Light utility vehicals are more likely to meet the car-safety standards" hence, in this case the conclusion falls apart
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Re: Light utility trucks have become popular among consumers  [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2017, 05:13
Has to be E.

If the author doesn't assume that, then the light trucks may meet the gov standards in which case the argument's conclusion won't stand.
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Re: Light utility trucks have become popular among consumers  [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2017, 09:38
broall wrote:
Light utility trucks have become popular among consumers who buy them primarily for the trucks’ rugged appearance. Yet although these trucks are tough-looking, they are exempt from the government’s car-safety standards that dictate
minimum roof strength and minimum resistance to impact. Therefore, if involved in a serious high-impact accident, a driver of one of these trucks is more likely to be injured than is a driver of a car that is subject to these government standards.

The argument depends on the assumption that

(A) the government has established safety standards for the construction of light utility trucks
(B) people who buy automobiles solely for their appearance are more likely than other people to drive recklessly
(C) light utility trucks are more likely than other kinds of vehicles to be involved in accidents that result in injuries
(D) the trucks’ rugged appearance is deceptive in that their engines are not especially powerful
(E) light utility trucks are less likely to meet the car-safety standards than are cars that are subject to the standards

Source: LSAT

I think the answer is E
The whole point of the argument that the people driving light trucks will more susceptible to injury than the people who drive cars because the light trucks are not subjected to crash test .
Now the assumption would connect the conclusion as the author has taken a big leap to form the conclusion .
E is the only assumption required by the argument if the light trucks fail car safety standards than they will cause more serious injury to passenger than a light truck which passes safety standards.

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Re: Light utility trucks have become popular among consumers  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2019, 21:11
broall wrote:
Light utility trucks have become popular among consumers who buy them primarily for the trucks’ rugged appearance. Yet although these trucks are tough-looking, they are exempt from the government’s car-safety standards that dictate
minimum roof strength and minimum resistance to impact. Therefore, if involved in a serious high-impact accident, a driver of one of these trucks is more likely to be injured than is a driver of a car that is subject to these government standards.

The argument depends on the assumption that

(A) the government has established safety standards for the construction of light utility trucks
(B) people who buy automobiles solely for their appearance are more likely than other people to drive recklessly
(C) light utility trucks are more likely than other kinds of vehicles to be involved in accidents that result in injuries
(D) the trucks’ rugged appearance is deceptive in that their engines are not especially powerful
(E) light utility trucks are less likely to meet the car-safety standards than are cars that are subject to the standards

Source: LSAT

Has to be E why?

Because we are doing an apples to orange comparison
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Re: Light utility trucks have become popular among consumers  [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2019, 12:29
saurabh9gupta wrote:
broall wrote:
Light utility trucks have become popular among consumers who buy them primarily for the trucks’ rugged appearance. Yet although these trucks are tough-looking, they are exempt from the government’s car-safety standards that dictate
minimum roof strength and minimum resistance to impact. Therefore, if involved in a serious high-impact accident, a driver of one of these trucks is more likely to be injured than is a driver of a car that is subject to these government standards.

The argument depends on the assumption that

(A) the government has established safety standards for the construction of light utility trucks
(B) people who buy automobiles solely for their appearance are more likely than other people to drive recklessly
(C) light utility trucks are more likely than other kinds of vehicles to be involved in accidents that result in injuries
(D) the trucks’ rugged appearance is deceptive in that their engines are not especially powerful
(E) light utility trucks are less likely to meet the car-safety standards than are cars that are subject to the standards

Source: LSAT

Has to be E why?

Because we are doing an apples to orange comparison

Try to negate this option -

(E) light utility trucks are likely to meet the car-safety standards than are cars that are subject to the standards

This breaks down the arguement and contradicts the conclusion, hence Answer here must be (E)
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Re: Light utility trucks have become popular among consumers  [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2019, 10:53
Can anyone please throw some light on C.
Negation---- less likely... is my negation correct ?
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Light utility trucks have become popular among consumers  [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2019, 02:08
ShankSouljaBoi wrote:
Can anyone please throw some light on C.
Negation---- less likely... is my negation correct ?

Hi everyone,

The argument conclusions is about two specific entities: cars and light trucks.

We also know that light trucks are exempt from meeting the cars' safety standards but we don't know whether both of the entities meet them or not or to which extent.

Option c talks about a general scenario while the conclusion is the result of a specific cause. For example the light trucks could be involved in more accidents than any other vehicles because their brakes are somehow faulty.

In addition the conclusion is about serious accidents. Let's consider the following scenario: light trucks are involved in the highest number of accidents resulting in injuries (as option c tells) but the category of accidents is "Not serious accidents". On the other hand light trucks are involved in no serious accident. As we can see option C does not affect the argument

Option E on the other hand validates the cause-effect relation that helps to draw the conclusion
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Light utility trucks have become popular among consumers  [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2019, 04:07
GMATNinja
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generis
Can you please explain why the answer is option E and not option C ?
Can you please use the negation technique ?

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Light utility trucks have become popular among consumers   [#permalink] 15 Oct 2019, 04:07
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