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Math: Coordinate Geometry

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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2013, 04:53
Archit143 wrote:
HI Bunuel,
As karishma has also mentioned that a line with -ve slope can also be present in 1st quadrant than how can we be so sure that it is intersecting in 2nd quadrant,

Moreover as per the theory it must intersect in 2nd and 4th quadrant ...than as per statement 1 there are two possibilities.....line intersecting in in quad 2 and 4.....But we must have only one answer form the statement, for it to be correct answer..................

Archit


No, that's not what she said.

If the slope of a line is negative, line WILL intersect quadrants II and IV in ANY case. If X and Y intersects are positives, line ALSO intersects the quadrant I, if negative line ALSO intersects the quadrant quadrant III.
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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2013, 23:53
Archit143 wrote:
So for a question where it is given that slope is -1/6, Than how can be sure that line intersects 2nd quad, I found this question on GMAT prep......
in-the-rectangular-coordinate-system-shown-above-does-the-90635.html

Archit


Since the slope is negative, the line will intersect the 2nd and 4th quadrant. We are talking about a line, not a line segment. A line extends indefinitely on both ends. The top end of the line will extend to intersect the 2nd quadrant under all circumstances.

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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2013, 05:16
Karishma, thats what i wanted to ask....In question it asks about whether the line is intersecting 2nd quadrant....Answer is Yes it does, but at the same time it may lie in 1st quadrant also as explained by you....I think i am badly confused on this....

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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2013, 05:23
Archit143 wrote:
Karishma, thats what i wanted to ask....In question it asks about whether the line is intersecting 2nd quadrant....Answer is Yes it does, but at the same time it may lie in 1st quadrant also as explained by you....I think i am badly confused on this....

Archit


Does it matter whether the line also lies in other quadrants? We know that it goes through the II and IV quadrants, it may also (simultaneously) go through either I or III quadrant, but this does not alter the fact that the line goes through the II, is it? So, the answer is YES.
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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2017, 13:14
Can you please explain here;


To answer, we must find the slope of each line and then check to see if one slope is the negative reciprocal of the other or if their product equals to -1.
SlopeAB=5−199−48=−14−39=0.358SlopeAB=5−199−48=−14−39=0.358

SlopeCD=24−422−31=20−9=−2.22

The formula of the slope of two given coordinates are y2-y1 / x2-x1

However in some questions, 2nd coordinates (x2 y2)s are subtracted from 1sts (x1 y1) and in some, other way around. Can you please clarify what do we take into account concerning this formula?
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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2017, 23:52
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mesutthefail wrote:
Can you please explain here;


To answer, we must find the slope of each line and then check to see if one slope is the negative reciprocal of the other or if their product equals to -1.
SlopeAB=5−199−48=−14−39=0.358SlopeAB=5−199−48=−14−39=0.358

SlopeCD=24−422−31=20−9=−2.22

The formula of the slope of two given coordinates are y2-y1 / x2-x1

However in some questions, 2nd coordinates (x2 y2)s are subtracted from 1sts (x1 y1) and in some, other way around. Can you please clarify what do we take into account concerning this formula?


Hi,

This is a mathematical rule. You can write a-b = -(b-a). Did you get this rule??

Now, in a similar way if you take - sign common from both numerator and denominator of y2-y1 / x2-x1,

you will get -(y1-y2)/-(x1-x2).

I hope you are aware of the rule that - signs can be cancelled out both a numerator and denominator.

So, we will be left with the formula, Slope = (y1-y2)/(x1-x2).

I hope that makes sense. :)
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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2017, 04:22
mesutthefail wrote:
Can you please explain here;


To answer, we must find the slope of each line and then check to see if one slope is the negative reciprocal of the other or if their product equals to -1.
SlopeAB=5−199−48=−14−39=0.358SlopeAB=5−199−48=−14−39=0.358

SlopeCD=24−422−31=20−9=−2.22

The formula of the slope of two given coordinates are y2-y1 / x2-x1

However in some questions, 2nd coordinates (x2 y2)s are subtracted from 1sts (x1 y1) and in some, other way around. Can you please clarify what do we take into account concerning this formula?


They are both the same.

\(Slope = \frac{(y2 - y1)}{(x2 - x1)} = \frac{(y1 - y2)}{(x1 - x2)}\)

Take an example:
(x1, y1) = (2, 3)
(x2, y2) = (5, -10)

\(Slope = \frac{(y2 - y1)}{(x2 - x1)} = \frac{-10 - 3}{5 - 2} = -\frac{13}{3}\)

\(Slope = \frac{(y1 - y2)}{(x1 - x2)} = \frac{3- (-10)}{2 - 5} = -\frac{13}{3}\)
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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2017, 00:22
Hello Bunuel,

Thanks a lot for the article. I have one doubt . Is it that a line with negative slope would definitely pass through Quadrant 2 and 4, and would pass through 1 or 3 depending on the value of x and y intersects?
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New post 02 Sep 2017, 02:57
Arsh4MBA wrote:
Hello Bunuel,

Thanks a lot for the article. I have one doubt . Is it that a line with negative slope would definitely pass through Quadrant 2 and 4, and would pass through 1 or 3 depending on the value of x and y intersects?


Yes. If the slope of a line is negative, the line WILL intersect quadrants II and IV. X and Y intersects of the line with negative slope have the same sign. Therefore if X and Y intersects are positive, the line intersects quadrant I; if negative, quadrant III.
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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2017, 18:11
Hi Bunuel,

Under heading Line equation in Co-ordinate Geometry -

The equation of a straight line passing through points P1(x1,y1)P1(x1,y1) and P2(x2,y2)P2(x2,y2) is:

\(\frac{y−y1}{x−x1}=\frac{y1−y2}{x1−x2}\)

I think it should be :

\(\frac{y−y1}{x−x1}=\frac{y2−y1}{x2−x1}\)

This is because slope for two points is : \(\frac{y2-y1}{x2-x1}\)

Let me know if I am missing anything here.
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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2017, 21:34
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BloomingLotus wrote:
Hi Bunuel,

Under heading Line equation in Co-ordinate Geometry -

The equation of a straight line passing through points P1(x1,y1)P1(x1,y1) and P2(x2,y2)P2(x2,y2) is:

\(\frac{y−y1}{x−x1}=\frac{y1−y2}{x1−x2}\)

I think it should be :

\(\frac{y−y1}{x−x1}=\frac{y2−y1}{x2−x1}\)

This is because slope for two points is : \(\frac{y2-y1}{x2-x1}\)

Let me know if I am missing anything here.


Both are the same: \(\frac{y2−y1}{x2−x1}=\frac{-(y1−y2)}{-(x1−x2)}=\frac{y1-y2}{x1-x2}\)
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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 17:37
Can anyone guide me where i can practice only coordinate plane questions??
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New post 18 Sep 2017, 22:10
Bunuel sir, I need coordinate Geometry in PDF. I want to download the attachment
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Re: Math: Coordinate Geometry   [#permalink] 18 Sep 2017, 23:26

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