GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 23 Aug 2019, 19:35

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

My Notes - Absolute Phrases

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
SC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 1732
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
My Notes - Absolute Phrases  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Oct 2018, 00:45
6
5

Absolute Phrases:


An absolute phrase is a modifier (quite often a participle), or a modifier and a few other words, that attaches to a sentence or a noun, with no conjunction. An absolute phrase cannot contain a finite verb.

Simple structure:


An absolute phrase has the form [noun] + [noun modifier]

Properties:


Quote:
1. Absolute phrases are optional in sentences, i.e., they can be removed without damaging the grammatical integrity of the sentence. this means that if you remove this part, rest will be a complete sentence, stand firm.

2. Since absolute phrases are optional in the sentence, they are often set off from the sentence with commas or, less often, with dashes.

3. We normally explain absolute phrases by saying that they modify entire sentences, rather than one word.

4. Notice that the absolute phrases themselves do NOT contain verbs, nor are they connected to the main sentence with a conjunction.

Examples:


Joan looked nervous, her fears creeping up on her.
noun/subject: her fears
participle: creeping
modifier: up on her
absolute phrase: her fears creeping up on her

Tom paled when he came home, his mother standing in the doorway.
noun/subject: his mother
participle: standing
modifier: in the doorway
absolute phrase: his mother standing in the doorway

Traps:


1. presented in the form of two independent clauses, connected with ';' or FANBOY.
such as this problem. Do read all the comments, a lot of knowledge is there.

2. Mixed with Noun/Appositive phrase, but the difference is that Noun/Appositive phrase modifies preceding noun while absolute phrase modifies whole sentence.

How to tackle?


Use meaning to distinguish between appositives and absolute phrases, this way one will not get mixed up. In general what is modified by what is going to help you.

Example 1 - The car fell into the lake, the cold water filling the compartment.

It is possible for "the lake" and "the cold water filling the compartment" to be the same thing, so we could interpret this as an appositive. However, since a lake is something everyone should be familiar with, it makes more sense to read this as an absolute phrase. The second portion of the sentence does not modify the word "lake," but rather describes the result of the event mentioned in the first half of the sentence. See meaning is your friend.

Example 2 - The defense lawyer and witnesses portrayed the accused as a victim of circumstance, his life uprooted by the media pressure to punish someone in the case.

Again what phrase after ',' is doing? is it for "a victim of circumstance". well, its modifying whole sentence before comma, in other words absolute.

Other resources to read on:


1. A Closer Look at Absolute Phrases on the GMAT
2. Absolute Phrases on the GMAT
3. GMAT Tuesday: Sentence Correction - Absolute Phrases
4. GMAT Tuesday: Sentence Correction - Absolute vs Appositive Phrases
5. Absolute Phrases

Some Questions for practice:


Note: Try to be reasonable, while solving them. its better to leave a comment on respective question with your understanding. while writing that, you will uncover new layers.
https://gmatclub.com/forum/butterflies- ... 68489.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/qotd-prairie ... 42439.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/three-federa ... 13111.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/floating-in- ... 47111.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/yellow-jacke ... 13500.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/last-week-lo ... 76039.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/until-a-few- ... 51730.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/art-historia ... 76856.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/before-learn ... 53507.html
https://gmatclub.com/forum/if-the-intak ... 51272.html
_________________
Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

Want to improve your Score:
GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51 | Time management

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood
SC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 1732
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
My Notes - Absolute Phrases  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Oct 2018, 19:43
1
1
GMAT Club Bot
My Notes - Absolute Phrases   [#permalink] 15 Oct 2018, 19:43
Display posts from previous: Sort by

My Notes - Absolute Phrases

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne