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Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array

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Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2007, 16:34
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Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global climate.

A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
C. atmosphere that affects
D. atmosphere that is affecting
E. atmosphere as affects
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2007, 20:30
adub35 wrote:
Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global climate.

A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
C. atmosphere that affects
D. atmosphere that is affecting
E. atmosphere as affects


A for me. "Interactions that" correctly modifies the long-term interactions between ocean and atmosphere.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2007, 22:35
adub35 wrote:
Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global climate.

A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
C. atmosphere that affects
D. atmosphere that is affecting
E. atmosphere as affects



Are you guys sure there is no mistake in this question. What's the source of this question?

A can't be right in my opinion. It would be right if modified as :

Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions, between the ocean and the atmosphere, that affect the global climate.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2011, 19:48
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http://grammar.about.com/od/rs/g/resump ... erterm.htm

Resumptive Modifier
Definition :
A modifier that repeats a key word at the end of a sentence and then adds informative or descriptive details related to that word. E.g

That kind of agentless prose should send up a red flag, a signal that here's a candidate for revision.

rohu27 wrote:
can u plz explain more abt this modifier? :cry:
or site a source?

gmat1220 wrote:
This is exactly the patten by which resumptive modifier works. That is the credited answer.

Other choices use with, that, as - all unidiomatic. A it is.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2013, 09:02
in B
"with ..."
is absolute phase which provide context for the main clause.

if B stands alone, B is logic and grammaticla. B means in the context that the interaction affects the climate, the main clause happen.

but B chang the original meaning and wrong.

og explanation of why B is wrong is not clear.

pls confirm, thank you.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2013, 21:22
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A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
Absolute phrase tells more about interactions, so perfectly modifying the previous clause.
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
arrays collect and transmit..... with interactions affecting global climate=> awkward.
C. atmosphere that affects
It is not atmosphere but interactions 'that affects'
D. atmosphere that is affecting
Same as (C).
E. atmosphere as affects
Awkward.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2014, 02:56
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mohnish104 wrote:
The OA is A guys. The rest of the options are ambiguous.


Ruling out an option because of its ambiguity should, in my humble opinion, be the last resort of a test-taker.

Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on tong- term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, [s]interactions that affect[/] global climate.

(A) atmosphere, interactions that affect
Although not the best answer, it still prevails over the others.
(B) atmosphere, with interactions affecting
with interactions modifies the wrong noun
(C) atmosphere that affects
that modifies atmosphere, conveying the wrong meaning
(D) atmosphere that is affecting
Same as C
(E) atmosphere as affects
The use of as is wrong.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2014, 11:59
"With" is a very versatile word and is used to connote association/possession/manner of action.
For e.g. I eat bread with butter.
With 5 votes already in his kitty, Jimmis sure to win the election.
I eat bread, with butter providing occasional richness.

There is a crucial difference between A and B. B suggests that the "interactions affecting global climate" are different from the "interactions between the earth and the atmosphere". A uses what is called a resumptive modifier to suggest that there is just one type of interactions (in the sentence) and that these interactions have two properties:
1. They occur between the ocean and the atmosphere.
2. They (the same interactions) affect global climate.

You can read A like this:
(Modifier), an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere.
(Additional information about these interactions is that) these interactions affect global climate.

A and B thus mean different things.


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Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2015, 02:06
sannidhya wrote:
Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long term
interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global climate.

A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
C. atmosphere that affects is the interactions that affect global climate.
D. atmosphere that is affecting


A. atmosphere, interactions that affect : Best among the given options.
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting : Verb affect is better than the - ing form affecting.
C. atmosphere that affects: That could wrongly refer to atmosphere rather than interactions , meaning atmosphere affects global climate, but here it is the interactions that affect global climate.
D. atmosphere that is affecting": Same as above.That could wrongly refer to atmosphere rather than interactions , meaning atmosphere affects global climate, but here it is the interactions that affect global climate. Also verb affect is better than - ing form affecting.
E. atmosphere as affects : makes no sense ,first here atmosphere does not affect global climate and secondly the use of as in this context is unidiomatic.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2015, 07:13
noun + noun modifier correctly used
that after atmosphere modifies atmosphere - not correct
"as" followed by a clause can be used in:
1. comparison - not the case
2. things that happen in the same time - not the case
3. cause-effect - not the case
thus "as" is incorrectly used here.
"with interactions affecting" - changes the meaning, now the sentence implies that along with those interactions, additional ones affect smth..
A - correct answer choice.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2016, 03:11
Hi guys,

1.In A, "interaction that affect..." is modifier as explained, but I saw it as a run on sentence as first, so i ruled it out. Is it a modifier because of the meaning and why can't I see it as a run on sentence?
2.In B, can someone please give me more detail why it is wrong? because "awkwark" is not enough for me to understand. Is it because "with" modify "atmosphere" so it is wrong modifier?

Thanks in advance!
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2016, 06:58
Split1) Modifier. "that" is modifying the word before "atmosphere", so it is wrong. C and D are out. The interatcions are affecting Global climate and not the atmosphere.

Split2) Modifier. "with interactions" modifies "atmosphere", this is incorrect. B is out.

Split3) the use of "as" is wrong in E. It is illogical to read it.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 27 Dec 2016, 17:22
Split1) Modifier. The interatcions are affecting Global climate and not the atmosphere. In C and D => "that" is modifying "atmosphere" => wrong. C and D are out.
Split2) Modifier. The prepositional phrase "with interactions" can modify the entire previous clause or the noun prior => not clear what is intended to modify => B is out.
Split3) the use of "as" is wrong in E => It is illogical to read it, "as affects global climate" functions as and adverb, but there is no verb for it to modify.
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Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2017, 08:46
Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global climate.

Issue: Subject-Verb Agreement | Absolute Phrase

Analysis:
1. This is short underline and we need to make sure that "affect" agrees with plural "interactions" (non-underlined part) and that the meaning is clear


A. atmosphere, interactions that affect

B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
- "affecting" incorrect tense. Changes the meaning

C. atmosphere that affects
- "affects" does not agree with plural "interactions"

D. atmosphere that is affecting
- "is affecting" incorrect tense. Changes the meaning

E. atmosphere as affects
- "as" incorrect
- "affects" does not agree with plural "interactions"


Answer: A.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2017, 16:59
adub35 wrote:
Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global climate.

A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
C. atmosphere that affects
D. atmosphere that is affecting
E. atmosphere as affects


A few GMAT sentences use a sophisticated modifier called an absolute phrase.

Absolute phrases are composed of a noun plus a noun modifier. These phrases do not have to modify what they touch; rather, they modify the main clause in some way.

The absolute phrase in this sentence, "interactions that affect global climate", is composed of the noun interactions and the noun modifier that affect global climate.

Notice that the noun interactions does not modify atmosphere, the closest noun in the main clause.

Answer : A
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array   [#permalink] 15 May 2017, 16:59
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