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Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array

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Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2007, 16:34
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Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global climate.

A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
C. atmosphere that affects
D. atmosphere that is affecting
E. atmosphere as affects
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2011, 19:48
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http://grammar.about.com/od/rs/g/resump ... erterm.htm

Resumptive Modifier
Definition :
A modifier that repeats a key word at the end of a sentence and then adds informative or descriptive details related to that word. E.g

That kind of agentless prose should send up a red flag, a signal that here's a candidate for revision.

rohu27 wrote:
can u plz explain more abt this modifier? :cry:
or site a source?

gmat1220 wrote:
This is exactly the patten by which resumptive modifier works. That is the credited answer.

Other choices use with, that, as - all unidiomatic. A it is.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
Absolute phrase tells more about interactions, so perfectly modifying the previous clause.
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
arrays collect and transmit..... with interactions affecting global climate=> awkward.
C. atmosphere that affects
It is not atmosphere but interactions 'that affects'
D. atmosphere that is affecting
Same as (C).
E. atmosphere as affects
Awkward.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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mohnish104 wrote:
The OA is A guys. The rest of the options are ambiguous.


Ruling out an option because of its ambiguity should, in my humble opinion, be the last resort of a test-taker.

Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on tong- term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, [s]interactions that affect[/] global climate.

(A) atmosphere, interactions that affect
Although not the best answer, it still prevails over the others.
(B) atmosphere, with interactions affecting
with interactions modifies the wrong noun
(C) atmosphere that affects
that modifies atmosphere, conveying the wrong meaning
(D) atmosphere that is affecting
Same as C
(E) atmosphere as affects
The use of as is wrong.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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"With" is a very versatile word and is used to connote association/possession/manner of action.
For e.g. I eat bread with butter.
With 5 votes already in his kitty, Jimmis sure to win the election.
I eat bread, with butter providing occasional richness.

There is a crucial difference between A and B. B suggests that the "interactions affecting global climate" are different from the "interactions between the earth and the atmosphere". A uses what is called a resumptive modifier to suggest that there is just one type of interactions (in the sentence) and that these interactions have two properties:
1. They occur between the ocean and the atmosphere.
2. They (the same interactions) affect global climate.

You can read A like this:
(Modifier), an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere.
(Additional information about these interactions is that) these interactions affect global climate.

A and B thus mean different things.


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Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2017, 08:46
Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global climate.

Issue: Subject-Verb Agreement | Absolute Phrase

Analysis:
1. This is short underline and we need to make sure that "affect" agrees with plural "interactions" (non-underlined part) and that the meaning is clear


A. atmosphere, interactions that affect

B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
- "affecting" incorrect tense. Changes the meaning

C. atmosphere that affects
- "affects" does not agree with plural "interactions"

D. atmosphere that is affecting
- "is affecting" incorrect tense. Changes the meaning

E. atmosphere as affects
- "as" incorrect
- "affects" does not agree with plural "interactions"


Answer: A.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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adub35 wrote:
Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, interactions that affect global climate.

A. atmosphere, interactions that affect
B. atmosphere, with interactions affecting
C. atmosphere that affects
D. atmosphere that is affecting
E. atmosphere as affects


A few GMAT sentences use a sophisticated modifier called an absolute phrase.

Absolute phrases are composed of a noun plus a noun modifier. These phrases do not have to modify what they touch; rather, they modify the main clause in some way.

The absolute phrase in this sentence, "interactions that affect global climate", is composed of the noun interactions and the noun modifier that affect global climate.

Notice that the noun interactions does not modify atmosphere, the closest noun in the main clause.

Answer : A
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 29 May 2017, 03:49
Hi i opted for A .
I got a doubt regarding the usage of that in this question.

If option C were "that affect" instead of "that affects" , would C also be a correct option ?
daagh Sir. ?
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Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 29 May 2017, 05:57
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The first thing is to note that a restrictive pronoun such as 'that' first refers to the noun it touches. If there is no such noun in front, then we have to hunt for some other distant but eligible noun. Since there is a noun, namely, atmosphere in front of that, the relative pronoun does refer to the atmosphere wrongly. Therefore, even if you were to change affects to affect, arguing that after all that refers to the plural data, the choice will still be wrong as per GMT tenets, failing to adhere to the grammatical structure.
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Originally posted by daagh on 29 May 2017, 05:05.
Last edited by daagh on 29 May 2017, 05:57, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2018, 11:00
mikemcgarry , abhimahna

could you please explain why B is incorrect?
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Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2018, 04:09
prateek176 wrote:
could you please explain why B is incorrect?


Hey prateek176 ,

You need to understand the usage of "with".

Here is the great article you can refer to.

Now, to answer your query:

Let's see what the sentence be once we replace the underlined portion with one given in B.

Floating in the waters of the equatorial Pacific, an array of buoys collects and transmits data on long-term interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere, atmosphere, with interactions affecting global climate.


Here, interactions aren't the sub component of interactions themselves or I can say interactions are not accompanid by interactions themselves. Hence, it is incorrect.

Does that make sense?
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