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Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re

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Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise.

(A) that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise

(B) charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports and promoting sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise

(C) that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, which appears to be on the rise

(D) charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise

(E) charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2015, 04:22
E it is.

"charging" is parallel with "releasing" parallel with "disturbing".

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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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Srav wrote:
Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise

A) that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise
B) charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports and promoting sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise
C) that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, which appears to be on the rise
D) charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise
E) charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise


A) charge and raising - not parallel
B and C) three lawsuits raises - should be raise
D charge ... raise - no connector between two verbs

E is correct
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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2015, 11:22
Could someone please explain me why D is incorrect? Is there any grammatical problem with D or is just because E is more parallel? Also I don't understand why changes must be parallel with releasing and disturbing. Releasing and disturbing I know must be parallel but charge is not part same subject, the lawsuits charge and the financial firm release and disturb. Why they must all be parallel?

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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2015, 05:32
laraterra wrote:
Could someone please explain me why D is incorrect? Is there any grammatical problem with D or is just because E is more parallel? Also I don't understand why changes must be parallel with releasing and disturbing. Releasing and disturbing I know must be parallel but charge is not part same subject, the lawsuits charge and the financial firm release and disturb. Why they must all be parallel?


Cause and Effect relation - so ing form

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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2015, 11:04
Srav wrote:
Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise

A) that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise
B) charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports and promoting sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise
C) that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, which appears to be on the rise
D) charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise
E) charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise


Ans E.

POE:

A) that charge.... and raising... Not parallel
B) "raises disturbing questions" .. should be plural
C) Same as B
Between D and E , I chose E because of "industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise". Am not clear about the elimination of D.
Can anyone let me know the correct POE of D?

Thanks

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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2015, 11:43
dominicraj wrote:
E it is.

"charging" is parallel with "releasing" parallel with "disturbing".

Regards,
Dom.


"Disturbing" does not need to be parallel with "charging" and "releasing" in this question. For example, "disturbing" could be exchanged with "many" and still be correct.

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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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the answer (D) is incorrect because it has 2 main verbs '' Charge'' and ''raise", making its structure totally wrong.

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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2016, 02:52
Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise.

A - that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise

B - charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports and promoting sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise

C- that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, which appears to be on the rise

D- charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise

E- charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Please answer this.

Also please give comments on these 2 new answers

F - that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, which appears to be on the rise

G - charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports and promoting sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise

Want to understand F and G to check where to use charge vs charging and which vs that. Thanks

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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise.

A - that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise

B - charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports and promoting sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise

C- that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, which appears to be on the rise

D- charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise

E- charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise

Please answer this.

Also please give comments on these 2 new answers

F - that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, which appears to be on the rise

G - charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports and promoting sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise

Want to understand F and G to check where to use charge vs charging and which vs that. Thanks

ANSWER. The given sentence contains a case of illogical parallelism: releasing ... and raising. A lawsuit can charge a firm with releasing fraudulent information, but not with raising disturbing questions. Therefore:

1. Eliminate option A.

2. The subject is the plural LAWSUITS. Therefore, the singular verb RAISES is incorrect. Eliminate options B and C.

3. In order for option D to be correct, the verb RAISE would have to be connected to the previous verb CHARGE by inserting AND before RAISE. Alternatively, the option would have to begin with the relative pronoun THAT to create a relative clause (that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing ...) before the main clause (raise disturbing questions ...). The structure would therefore be lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm ... raise disturbing questions...
Nevertheless, the option would still be wrong, because the clause that appears to be on the rise is a misplaced modifier that illogically refers to THE FINANCIAL SERVICES INDUSTRY, whereas it really wants to refer to FRAUDULENT BEHAVIOR.

4. To avoid this illogicality, option E discards the pronoun and uses BEHAVIOR to refer back to the previous use of that noun. And since the verbs are all correct, this is the correct option.

OPTIONS F AND G
The beginnings are both acceptable. (Of the two, the GMAT tends to favor the first.)

In F, LAWSUITS is followed by THAT, so introducing a defining relative clause. The problem is the final clause. This is introduced by WHICH, and WHICH refers to the subject that it is next to. Consequently it refers to INDUSTRY, and therefore says that this industry is on the rise. This makes no sense. The intended reference is to BEHAVIOR.

In G, LAWSUITS is followed by CHARGING, which functions here as an adjective describing those lawsuits. There is no problem with this: the problems appear later. The parallel structure made with the use of PROMOTING is illogical, because lawsuits do not charge anyone with promoting sales of mutual funds. And finally, the relative clause introduced by THAT at the end of the sentence has the same problem of illogical modification that option D has: it seems that here, too, INDUSTRY is on the rise - not BEHAVIOR.

In other words, relative clauses introduced by WHICH and THAT need to follow on from the subject that they are intended to modify.

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Last edited by Fabiocafarelli on 20 Feb 2016, 12:18, edited 2 times in total.

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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2016, 04:05
crescendo85 wrote:
Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise.

A - that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise

B - charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports and promoting sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise

C- that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, which appears to be on the rise

D- charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise

E- charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Please answer this.

Also please give comments on these 2 new answers

F - that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, which appears to be on the rise

G - charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports and promoting sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise

Want to understand F and G to check where to use charge vs charging and which vs that. Thanks


Please search for the topics which have already been discussed
merging topics
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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2016, 04:42
D) charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise.

Just to add an explanation why it is not D but E.

In D is a meaning error. It seems like the financial service industry supposedly is on the rise. However, the intended meaning is that fraudulent behavior is one the rise. Hence, D can be eliminated.


Also, would it be possible to separate the answer choices each with one line? It's very hard to read this way.

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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2016, 08:00
this is a test of our ability to realize grammatical roles o each phrase.

we need to realize the grammatical roles of each phrase immediately when we read each phrase. grammatical roles of each phrase is the function of each phrase. this means you have to know this phrase modify which phrase in the sentence.

I mean immediately.
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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2016, 07:59
Srav wrote:
Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise


A) that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise
3 lawsuits charge X with Y and Z where Y is releasing... and Z is raising. this is incorrect.

B) charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports and promoting sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise
lawsuits is plural, while raises is singular - incorrect.

C) that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, which appears to be on the rise
same SV error as in B.

D) charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise
2 verbs not properly connected.

E) charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise
looks good.

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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2017, 13:37
Nova12 wrote:
D) charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise.

Just to add an explanation why it is not D but E.

In D is a meaning error. It seems like the financial service industry supposedly is on the rise. However, the intended meaning is that fraudulent behavior is one the rise. Hence, D can be eliminated.


Also, would it be possible to separate the answer choices each with one line? It's very hard to read this way.


Is the above correct?
does the that in fradulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise have to refer to the preceding noun, financial services industry? Can it refer to the fraudulent behaviors?

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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2017, 21:57
achen1130 wrote:
Nova12 wrote:
D) charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise.

Just to add an explanation why it is not D but E.

In D is a meaning error. It seems like the financial service industry supposedly is on the rise. However, the intended meaning is that fraudulent behavior is one the rise. Hence, D can be eliminated.


Also, would it be possible to separate the answer choices each with one line? It's very hard to read this way.


Is the above correct?
does the that in fradulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise have to refer to the preceding noun, financial services industry? Can it refer to the fraudulent behaviors?


Yes,the above explanation is correct.
THAT provides necessary information about the preceding Noun "Financial Service Industry".
As a result the meaning is altered; logically "The fraudulent behavior" is on the rise and hence D is wrong.
When I was stuck between D & E I evaluated meaning of both the choices to eliminate D.
Answer choice E "behavior that appears to be on the rise" explicitly conveys the meaning and hence it is right.
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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 07:19
Imo E
It maintains parallelism correctly and has correct plural verb .
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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2017, 00:01
Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise.

a) Subject: three federal lawsuits
b) ‘that’ refers to three federal lawsuits
c) ‘charge with’ is correct idiom: It means to charge someone of doing something; impose a crime or a task on someone.
d) Pronoun ‘its’ is singular and thus can refer to firm
e) ‘and’ is a parallel marker and thus the X before it and Y after it must be parallel. ‘with releasing’ and ‘raising’ are parallel.
f) But there is no verb for the subject
Options:

that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise
Incorrect

charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports and promoting sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise
here the subject is a phrase: Three federal lawsuits…………….funds. The verb should agree with the head of the phrase i.e. plural and thus singular verb is incorrect.
The idiom ‘appear to be’ is (I think) incorrect.
Also ‘that’ modifies industry and not behaviour and that is incorrect.

that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, which appears to be on the rise
Same error as B

charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise
Same error as discussed above. Also there are now two verbs for the subject: charge and raise which are not connected properly. And raise is a result of the action of charging a prominent…………..funds.

charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise
This is the correct answer.
Verb-ing modifies the subject and the plural verb for subject is ‘raise’.

Important concepts tested here are:
1) A subject can have more than one verb and if that is so, the verbs must be properly connected using ‘and’.
2) The verbs or phrases connected by the parallelism marker ‘and’ must be parallel.
3) Noun+Noun modifier
4) Reference of relative pronoun modifier ‘that’


'Behavior that appears to be on the rise' is a noun+noun modifier. 'Behavior' is the noun and 'that clause' is a modifier.

Noun+Noun modifier can modify anything in a sentence i.e. it can modify either the complete clause, a noun in the middle of the sentence, or the preceding noun. But the reference must be clear and must make sense.
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Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2017, 00:25
Srav wrote:
Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise

(A) that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds and raising disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise

(B) charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports and promoting sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise

(C) that charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raises disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, which appears to be on the rise

(D) charge a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry that appears to be on the rise

(E) charging a prominent investment firm with releasing fraudulent financial reports to promote sales of its mutual funds raise disturbing questions about how to control fraudulent behavior in the financial services industry, behavior that appears to be on the rise


Answer : E.

This dense sentence includes several verbs, making its structure difficult to follow. The key is the verb “raise” (or “raising” or “raises”) about halfway through the sentence – that verb belongs to the lawsuits, as the point of the sentence is that “three lawsuits raise disturbing questions”. In choice A, the verb “raising” is incorrect for two reasons: one, it logically doesn’t make sense that the investment firm would both release the fraudulent documents and raise the disturbing questions about fraud. Two, without an active verb “raise” belonging to the lawsuits, the sentence doesn’t have a subject and verb. As written, choice A only modifies the lawsuit…it never introduces a verb for the subject.

In B and C, the verb “raises” is singular, but the subject “three lawsuits” is plural.

And in choice D, the active verb “charge” leaves the verb “raise” without a subject (stripped down it reads “lawsuits charge a firm with releasing documents raise” – the verb “raise” is left alone).

Choice E, which commits none of these errors, is correct – but watch out for the unique appositive phrase at the end, a classic GMAT technique of hiding the right answer behind an unfamiliar sentence structure.
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Joined: 15 Aug 2016
Posts: 36

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Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2017, 10:47
I didnt quite understand E.
How can behaviour be on the rise.?
I eliminated it at the start.

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 52

Re: Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re   [#permalink] 20 Nov 2017, 10:47
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Three federal lawsuits that charge a prominent investment firm with re

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