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Native to south america,when peanuts were introduced to

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Native to south america,when peanuts were introduced to [#permalink]

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Native to south america,when peanuts were introduced to Africa by portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being so similar to the Bambarra groundnut, a popular indigenous plant.

a.when peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being

b.peanuts having been introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because of being

c.peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were

d.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were

e.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and having been quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by mau5 on 19 Aug 2013, 00:29, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Native to south america [#permalink]

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gpsao wrote:
Native to south america,when peanuts were introduced to Africa by portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being so similar to the Bambarra groundnut, a popular indigenous plant.

a.when peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being

b.peanuts having been introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because of being

c.peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were

d.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were

e.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and having been quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were


option A:WRONG
when peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being
original sentence has a modifier error.
NATIVE TO AMERICA==>must be followed by PEANUTS...hence A is wrong.

OPTIUON BWRONG
peanuts having been introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because of being
having been.....AND .....quickly adopted ==>not parallel.

OPTION C : CORRECT
c.peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were

OPTION D: WRONG
d.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were
SENTENCE LACKS A VERB.
STRIKED PART ACTS AS A MODIFIER.

OPTION E.WRONG
.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and having been quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were
SENTENCE LACKS A VERB.
STRIKED PART ACTS AS A MODIFIER.


HENCE C
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Re: Native to south america [#permalink]

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blueseas wrote:
gpsao wrote:
Native to south america,when peanuts were introduced to Africa by portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being so similar to the Bambarra groundnut, a popular indigenous plant.

a.when peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being

b.peanuts having been introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because of being

c.peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were

d.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were

e.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and having been quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were


option A:WRONG
when peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being
original sentence has a modifier error.
NATIVE TO AMERICA==>must be followed by PEANUTS...hence A is wrong.

OPTIUON BWRONG
peanuts having been introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because of being
having been.....AND .....quickly adopted ==>not parallel.

OPTION C : CORRECT
c.peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were

OPTION D: WRONG
d.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were
SENTENCE LACKS A VERB.
STRIKED PART ACTS AS A MODIFIER.

OPTION E.WRONG
.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and having been quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were
SENTENCE LACKS A VERB.
STRIKED PART ACTS AS A MODIFIER.


HENCE C


I agree that option C is the best. But I think the pronoun "they" in option C is ambiguous. It can refer to both "portugese explorers" and "peanuts".
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Last edited by TirthankarP on 18 Aug 2013, 22:20, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Native to south america [#permalink]

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TirthankarP wrote:

I agree that option is the best. But I think the pronoun "they" in option C is ambiguous. It can refer to both "portugese explorers" and "peanuts".


PRONOUN AMBIGUITY IS NOT THE ABSOLUTE RULE.
please refer below file for better understanding.

hope it helps
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Pronoun Ambiguity %28by Ron Purewal%29 (1).docx [423.2 KiB]
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Re: Native to south america [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2013, 23:59
TirthankarP wrote:
blueseas wrote:
gpsao wrote:
Native to south america,when peanuts were introduced to Africa by portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being so similar to the Bambarra groundnut, a popular indigenous plant.

a.when peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being

b.peanuts having been introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because of being

c.peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were

d.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were

e.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and having been quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were


option A:WRONG
when peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being
original sentence has a modifier error.
NATIVE TO AMERICA==>must be followed by PEANUTS...hence A is wrong.

OPTIUON BWRONG
peanuts having been introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because of being
having been.....AND .....quickly adopted ==>not parallel.

OPTION C : CORRECT
c.peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were

OPTION D: WRONG
d.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were
SENTENCE LACKS A VERB.
STRIKED PART ACTS AS A MODIFIER.

OPTION E.WRONG
.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and having been quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were
SENTENCE LACKS A VERB.
STRIKED PART ACTS AS A MODIFIER.


HENCE C


I agree that option C is the best. But I think the pronoun "they" in option C is ambiguous. It can refer to both "portugese explorers" and "peanuts".



Gmat sentence corrections now a days is all about meaning and grammar...in the option C as it says if we replace this option with the underlined portion of the original sentence it reads "Native to south america , peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because they were so similar to the Bambarra groundnut, a popular indigenous plant.

Now the" they "here has been compared with Bambara groundnut in the non underlined portion of the sentence..Can we say that they stands for Portugese explorers and then the Portugese explorers are compared with Bambarra groundnut ?? Isnt it absurd and nonsensical?? So "they" can only refer to the peanuts to preserve the sensical meaning of the sentence ..

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Re: Native to south america [#permalink]

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TirthankarP wrote:
I agree that option C is the best. But I think the pronoun "they" in option C is ambiguous. It can refer to both "portugese explorers" and "peanuts".


One needs to take a holistic view of the answer choices. A, C, D and E all use "they"; B is not even a sentence. That being the case, it should be apparent that pronoun ambiguity is not being tested in this sentence.

The reason this kind of an approach is important, is because one should not adopt a "puritan's view" of options; quickly summarize things that "matter" in the answer choices and then focus on those things. In this case, it should be evident that "they" does not matter.
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Re: Native to south america,when peanuts were introduced to [#permalink]

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Re: Native to south america,when peanuts were introduced to [#permalink]

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Re: Native to south america,when peanuts were introduced to [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2016, 18:45
USADream wrote:
Native to south america,when peanuts were introduced to Africa by portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being so similar to the Bambarra groundnut, a popular indigenous plant.


a.when peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being
Native to south america, when (modifier issue)
Part after the comma is not a clause. (probably because of being.... -- there is no verb)

b.peanuts having been introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because of being
No verb

c.peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were

d.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were
There is no verb for Peanuts. First clause needs to be independent here. because clause after the comma is dependent clause.

e.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and having been quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were
same as D.
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Re: Native to south america,when peanuts were introduced to [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2016, 14:58
USADream wrote:
Native to south america,when peanuts were introduced to Africa by portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being so similar to the Bambarra groundnut, a popular indigenous plant.

a.when peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being

b.peanuts having been introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because of being

c.peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were

d.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were

e.peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and having been quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were


C is correct when compared with other choices, but
"probably because they were ", i'm concerned with "were", should not it be "are" , since they are still similar ?
It's like "my blood group was O+"

Anyone wanna clarify this ?

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Re: Native to south america,when peanuts were introduced to [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2017, 16:50
Native to south america,when peanuts were introduced to Africa by portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being so similar to the Bambarra groundnut, a popular indigenous plant.

a.when peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being
- Modifier error; "Native to south america" should be followed immediately by what is native to SA i.e. "peanuts"

b. peanuts having been introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because of being
- The highlighted portion of sentence does not have a working verb. Hence, it is a fragment.

c. peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and were quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because they were
- Correct parallel structure

d. peanuts, introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture, probably because they were
- Subject "peanuts" has no verb. Hence, it is fragment.
- pronoun ambiguity for "they"

e. peanuts,introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and having been quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because they were
- Same issues as (D)

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Re: Native to south america,when peanuts were introduced to [#permalink]

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New post 01 Dec 2017, 10:33
blueseas wrote:
OPTIUON BWRONG
peanuts having been introduced to Africa by Portugese explorers early in the sixteenth century and quickly adopted into Africa's agriculture,probably because of being
having been.....AND .....quickly adopted ==>not parallel.


Hello,

As indicated, in letter B clauses are not complete parallel ('verb + object' X 'adverb + verb + object'), but I am not sure about verb tense parallelism: since both clauses are in past tenses (past perfect and simple past), are they parallel in terms of verb tense?

In other words, if I correct the parallelism and other errors, but maintain verb tenses, it would be correct? For example:
'...peanuts having been introduced to Africa by Portuguese explorers since 1600 and were adopted into Africa’s agriculture by natives in 1650, probably because they were...'

Could anyone clarify?

(On the other side, (1) as already pointed out before, the fragment 'probably because of being' has no main verb; (2) one cannot use past perfect if time is defined: 'having been introduced...' and 'early in the sixteenth century')

Best,

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Re: Native to south america,when peanuts were introduced to [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2017, 16:09
blueseas wrote:
TirthankarP wrote:

I agree that option is the best. But I think the pronoun "they" in option C is ambiguous. It can refer to both "portugese explorers" and "peanuts".


PRONOUN AMBIGUITY IS NOT THE ABSOLUTE RULE.
please refer below file for better understanding.

hope it helps



No PN ambiguity issue b/c 'they' is parallel to peanuts (subject-subject in both clauses)

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Re: Native to south america,when peanuts were introduced to   [#permalink] 08 Dec 2017, 16:09
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