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New laws make it easier to patent just about anything

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Re: New laws make it easier to patent just about anything [#permalink]
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rohan2345 wrote:
New laws make it easier to patent just about anything, from parts of the human genome to a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. Commentators are concerned about the implications of allowing patents for things that can hardly be described as “inventions.” However, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office believes that allowing for strong copyright and patent protections fosters the kind of investment in research and development needed to spur innovation.

Which of the following can be properly inferred from the statements above?

(A) It was not possible in the past to patent something as common as a peanut butter and jelly sandwich.
(B) The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office is more interested in business profits than in true innovation.
(C) Investment in research and development is often needed to spur innovation.
(D) The human genome is part of nature and shouldn’t be patented.
(E) Commentators who are concerned about too many patents aren’t very well informed.

I went for C as well..
the argument is saying that news laws make it easier to get patent--- earlier it was difficult to get patent but not impossible ...
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(A) It was not possible in the past to patent something as common as a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. Keep it side.

(B) The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office is more interested in business profits than in true innovation. Incorrect

(C) Investment in research and development is often needed to spur innovation. Keep it side

(D) The human genome is part of nature and shouldn’t be patented.Incorrect

(E) Commentators who are concerned about too many patents aren’t very well informed.Incorrect

NOW between A and C

Patent and Trademark Office believes that allowing for strong copyright and patent protections fosters the kind of investment in research and development needed to spur innovation.

(C) Investment in research and development is often needed to spur innovation. is already given in the argument hence wrong.

so ans is

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I don't agree with the OA.Clearly the two contenders are A and C. the reason i ruled out A was because of the premise "New Laws make it easier " we cannot conclude that it wasnt possible just that it wasnt easy as it is now.

sayantanc2k , chetan2u

Originally posted by goforgmat on 30 Jun 2017, 05:08.
Last edited by goforgmat on 30 Jun 2017, 05:10, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: New laws make it easier to patent just about anything [#permalink]
Mahmud6 wrote:
Not convinced how it is A!

The argument says "New laws make it easier ...... to patent .....peanut butter and jelly sandwich". Nowhere it is said that "It was not possible ... to patent .....peanut butter and jelly sandwich."

It might happened that in the past patent was possible but not easier.

I don't see anything wrong with option C.

Anyone to help me?

Same reasoning as well, lets see what experts have to say.
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Re: New laws make it easier to patent just about anything [#permalink]
IMO, the option C states something that has already been mentioned in the text, hence, this is not an inference. Left with the option A.
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Re: New laws make it easier to patent just about anything [#permalink]
goforgmat wrote:
Mahmud6 wrote:
Not convinced how it is A!

The argument says "New laws make it easier ...... to patent .....peanut butter and jelly sandwich". Nowhere it is said that "It was not possible ... to patent .....peanut butter and jelly sandwich."

It might happened that in the past patent was possible but not easier.

I don't see anything wrong with option C.

Anyone to help me?

Same reasoning as well, lets see what experts have to say.

This question appears to be from an unofficial source (GMAT for Dummies), so I wouldn't worry too much about it!
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Re: New laws make it easier to patent just about anything [#permalink]
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guptarahul wrote:
(A) It was not possible in the past to patent something as common as a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. Keep it side.

(B) The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office is more interested in business profits than in true innovation. Incorrect

(C) Investment in research and development is often needed to spur innovation. Keep it side

(D) The human genome is part of nature and shouldn’t be patented.Incorrect

(E) Commentators who are concerned about too many patents aren’t very well informed.Incorrect

NOW between A and C

Patent and Trademark Office believes that allowing for strong copyright and patent protections fosters the kind of investment in research and development needed to spur innovation.

(C) Investment in research and development is often needed to spur innovation. is already given in the argument hence wrong.

so ans is

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Is it an Assumption Question? No.
Since it is an inference question we can rephrase anything already stated in the argument.
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Re: New laws make it easier to patent just about anything [#permalink]
rohan2345 wrote:
New laws make it easier to patent just about anything, from parts of the human genome to a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. Commentators are concerned about the implications of allowing patents for things that can hardly be described as “inventions.” However, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office believes that allowing for strong copyright and patent protections fosters the kind of investment in research and development needed to spur innovation.

Which of the following can be properly inferred from the statements above?

(A) It was not possible in the past to patent something as common as a peanut butter and jelly sandwich.
(B) The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office is more interested in business profits than in true innovation.
(C) Investment in research and development is often needed to spur innovation.
(D) The human genome is part of nature and shouldn’t be patented.
(E) Commentators who are concerned about too many patents aren’t very well informed.

the word "often" in C is making it an unacceptable answer choice. Hence, A
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Re: New laws make it easier to patent just about anything [#permalink]
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Firdaus wrote:
guptarahul wrote:
(A) It was not possible in the past to patent something as common as a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. Keep it side.

(B) The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office is more interested in business profits than in true innovation. Incorrect

(C) Investment in research and development is often needed to spur innovation. Keep it side

(D) The human genome is part of nature and shouldn’t be patented.Incorrect

(E) Commentators who are concerned about too many patents aren’t very well informed.Incorrect

NOW between A and C

Patent and Trademark Office believes that allowing for strong copyright and patent protections fosters the kind of investment in research and development needed to spur innovation.

(C) Investment in research and development is often needed to spur innovation. is already given in the argument hence wrong.

so ans is

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Is it an Assumption Question? No.
Since it is an inference question we can rephrase anything already stated in the argument.

I also marked A.
While it's ok to rephrase anything in the argument, I don't think restating the premise makes it a conclusion.
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Re: New laws make it easier to patent just about anything [#permalink]
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rohan2345 wrote:
New laws make it easier to patent just about anything, from parts of the human genome to a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. Commentators are concerned about the implications of allowing patents for things that can hardly be described as “inventions.” However, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office believes that allowing for strong copyright and patent protections fosters the kind of investment in research and development needed to spur innovation.

Which of the following can be properly inferred from the statements above?

(A) It was not possible in the past to patent something as common as a peanut butter and jelly sandwich.
(B) The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office is more interested in business profits than in true innovation.
(C) Investment in research and development is often needed to spur innovation.
(D) The human genome is part of nature and shouldn’t be patented.
(E) Commentators who are concerned about too many patents aren’t very well informed.

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION:

A. This critical-reasoning question asks you to draw an inference from the passage. Inference questions generally focus on a premise rather than on a conclusion. The passage implies that the patent office wants to promote invention, so Choice (B) doesn’t work. Choices (D) and (E) express opinions that aren’t presented in the passage. Although you may agree that the genome shouldn’t be patented or that people who are concerned about patents aren’t well informed, the question doesn’t ask you for your opinion.

Don’t choose answer choices to critical-reasoning questions just because you agree with them. Base your answers on the opinions stated or implied by the paragraph.

Because Choice (C) is stated in the passage, it can’t be an inference. The answer must be Choice (A), because it flows logically from the first premise and isn’t stated in the passage.
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Re: New laws make it easier to patent just about anything [#permalink]
New laws make it easier to patent just about anything, from parts of the human genome to a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. Commentators are concerned about the implications of allowing patents for things that can hardly be described as ???inventions.??? However, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office believes that allowing for strong copyright and patent protections fosters the kind of investment in research and development needed to spur innovation.

Which of the following can be properly inferred from the statements above?

(A) It was not possible in the past to patent something as common as a peanut butter and jelly sandwich.
(B) The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office is more interested in business profits than in true innovation.
(C) Investment in research and development is often needed to spur innovation.
(D) The human genome is part of nature and shouldn???t be patented.
(E) Commentators who are concerned about too many patents aren???t very well informed.

Concern - Im not sure how A will be the right answer in comparison to C
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I was also confused with option A and C but after analyzing I went for A because

crux of the passage is about how patent is now easy even to patent small things as we see it in Eg given in question

Option A We know that in past it may be difficult but not impossible but check option once it says in past it was not possible to patent common thing
such as sandwich etc.

Option C crux is missing where the option talks about patent nowhere and also it is already written in the passage how can infer that.

And other option are vague and can't infer

Note : I may be wrong. Your reply are always welcome to correct me.
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Re: New laws make it easier to patent just about anything [#permalink]
I agree with the previous comments and it seems answer mentioned is wrong, the correct. Answer should be C.
Re: New laws make it easier to patent just about anything [#permalink]
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