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Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 195

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Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 195  [#permalink]

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Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 1953, four had the same share of total world exports in 1984 as in 1953. Theses countries can therefore serve as models for those countries that wish to keep their share of the global export trade stable over the years.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the suitability of those four countries as models in the sense described?


(A) Many countries wish to increase their share of world export trade, not just keep it stable.

(B) Many countries are less concerned with exports alone than with the balance between exports and imports.

(C) With respect to the mix of products each exports, the four countries are very different from each other.

(D) Of the four countries, two had a much larger, and two had a much smaller, share of total world exports in 1970 than in 1984.

(E) The exports of the four countries range from 15 percent to 75 percent of the total national output.


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Originally posted by whichscore on 28 Mar 2011, 01:22.
Last edited by Bunuel on 18 Dec 2018, 05:18, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 195  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Mar 2016, 15:39
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Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 1953, four had the same share of total world exports in 1984 as in 1953. Theses countries can therefore serve as models for those countries that wish to keep their share of the global export trade stable over the years.


Premise: Of the twenty countries, 4 countries have same share of global exports in 1984 as they had in 1953.

Conc: These countries are models for those countries that wish to keep their share of the global export trade stable over the years.

Note that conclusion talk about the stability of exports over the years but premise only mention that 4 countries had same exports in just two years. The assumption here is that in the years between 1953 and 1984, exports of those countries remained stable. Since we are supposed to weaken the argument, we need to find an option that suggests that exports were not stable in the years between 1953 and 1984.

Lets do the POE.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the suitability of those four countries as models in the sense described?

(A) Many countries wish to increase their share of world export trade, not just keep it stable.

This is out of scope as we are only concerned about whether those 4 countries could keep their exports stable over the years as otherwise those countries cannot serve as model for other countries.

(B) Many countries are less concerned with exports alone than with the balance between exports and imports.

Similar to option A, this is also out of scope.

(C) With respect to the mix of products each exports, the four countries are very different from each other.

We are only concerned about those countries could maintain their share of total world exports over the years. The variation in the mix of products that they exported is not really a concern here. Eliminate.

(D) Of the four countries, two had a much larger, and two had a much smaller, share of total world exports in 1970 than in 1984.

This is correct as it points that in 1970 the share changed so those countries were actually not stable over the years so they cannot serve as model.

(E) The exports of the four countries range from 15 percent to 75 percent of the total national output.

This is incorrect as we are not concerned with the share percentage of those countries. We are only concerned with the stability of that share over the years.
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Re: Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 195  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Mar 2011, 18:28
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D means that 4 countries in question had no stable trade, hence cannot serve as the model

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Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 195  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2011, 20:21
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when you answer a CR question first thing you have to figure is: what is the conclusion and what are the pramises. here the con. is: they will keep exports the same since they kept it stable in the past. so you have to find an answer that would " cast doubt" on this con. so the fact that answer D) Of the four countries, two had a much larger, and two had a much smaller, share of total world exports in 1970 than in 1984. shows an instability in the past for these countries... by itself will cast doubt on the con.

by the way casting doubt, does not have to be very strong. in most of the tougher questions the right answer choice will create a very low level of doubt and the wrong answer choices are statements that sounds to show very high degree of doubt, but they do that for the premises or the subsidiary conclusion not the main conclusion of the argument... so watch out for these type of traps in the answer choices...

main thing would be to figure what is the main conclusion of the argument.... then you can easily solve the problem
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Re: Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 195  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2011, 00:49
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D it is.

The conclusion overtly states that : 4 countries have had relatively stable trade share.

D attacks by giving evidence that the share being constant in 1953 and 1984 does not mean that the shares were constant within the time frame.

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Re: Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 195  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2013, 08:24
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whichscore wrote:
Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 1953, four had the same share of total world exports in 1984 as in 1953. Theses countries can therefore serve as models for those countries that wish to keep their share of the global export trade stable over the years.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the suitability of those four countries as models in the sense described?

(A) Many countries wish to increase their share of world export trade, not just keep it stable.
(B) Many countries are less concerned with exports alone than with the balance between exports and imports.
(C) With respect to the mix of products each exports, the four countries are very different from each other.
(D) Of the four countries, two had a much larger, and two had a much smaller, share of total world exports in 1970 than in 1984.
(E) The exports of the four countries range from 15 percent to 75 percent of the total national output.


I was confused between A and D.
But then I again read the conclusion and understood that the conclusion is talking about only those countries that wish to keep their share of the global export trade stable over the years.

A says - Many countries wish to increase their share of world export trade, not just keep it stable
That's why A is irrelevant.
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Re: Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 195  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Dec 2013, 11:35
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Answer is D

A: Even though many country wish to increase their share but it can be possible that many those country are below in share than these countries. So A is incorrect
B:Many countries are less concerned with exports alone than with he balance between exports and imports. Out of scope.
C: With respect to the mix of products each exports, the four countries are very different from each other. Out of scope.
D: Of the four countries, two had a much larger, and two had a much smaller, share of total world exports in 1970 than in 1984. It cast doubt on stable export as the export varies in 1970 and 1984.So conclusion got weaken export trade stable over the years. So it is correct.
E:The exports of the four countries range from 15 percent to 75 percent of the total national output. It does not weaken conclusion

+1 for me.cheers. :P
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Re: Of the countries that were the worldтАЩs  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2016, 05:10
batliwala wrote:
Of the countries that were the worldтАЩs twenty largest exporters in 1953, four had the same share of total world exports in 1984 as in 1953. Theses countries can therefore serve as models for those countries that wish to keep their share of the global export trade stable over the years.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the suitability of those four countries as models in the sense described?

(A) Many countries wish to increase their share of world export trade, not just keep it stable.
(B) Many countries are less concerned with exports alone than with he balance between exports and imports.
(C) With respect to the mix of products each exports, the four countries are very different from each other.
(D) Of the four countries, two had a much larger, and two had a much smaller, share of total world exports in 1970 than in 1984.
(E) The exports of the four countries range from 15 percent to 75 percent of the total national output


As per the premise, the countries can serve as a model if they keep share constant.
Although the share is same in 1953 and 1984, but what if the share varied in between. In such case, we cannot say them as models

Option D says just the same by saying that the shares were different in 1970

Correct Option: D
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Re: Of the countries that were the worlds twenty largest exporters in 1953  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2018, 11:31
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Of the countries that were the worlds twenty largest exporters in 1953, four had the same share of total world exports in 1984 as in 1953. Theses countries can therefore serve as models for those countries that wish to keep their share of the global export trade stable over the years.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the suitability of those four countries as models in the sense described?



The conclusion of the argument is that these four countries can serve as models for those countries that are trying to keep a stable share of the global trade.

To find the answer that weakens the argument in a best way lets try process of elimination



A. Many countries wish to increase their share of world export trade, not just keep it stable.
Good for those countries.. :P , but the argument is not concerned that some countries want to increase the share, the argument focuses on to keeping the share stable.so its not actually weakening the argument as to why the countries are choosen to be models.

B. Many countries are less concerned with exports alone than with he balance between exports and imports.
yeah sure..., sounds like phrase some whould say to sound intelligent.. :P , but its not in the scope of our argument as the arguemtn is not discussing about the inport vs the export,and focuses on trade share overall.

C. With respect to the mix of products each exports, the four countries are very different from each other.
well all countries have a unique set of trade goods and hardly any is alike. but the what constitutes the traded products is also out of scope.it doesnt weaken the argument in any way.


D. Of the four countries, two had a much larger, and two had a much smaller, share of total world exports in 1970 than in 1984.

correct weakener as it shows that the trade share for the four counties respectively were not stable, so if thye shares were not stable how can they be modles to other counties. therefore correct weakener.

E. The exports of the four countries range from 15 percent to 75 percent of the total national output.
this also does not weakne the argument as the TNO cannot weaken the argument
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Re: Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 195  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2018, 21:58
Great question and here is my reasoning:

(A) Many countries wish to increase their share of world export trade, not just keep it stable. There is no relevance here to the 4 countries being a good example of stability

(B) Many countries are less concerned with exports alone than with the balance between exports and imports. There is no relevance here to the 4 countries being a good example of stability

(C) With respect to the mix of products each exports, the four countries are very different from each other. There is no relevance here to the 4 countries being a good example of stability

(D) Of the four countries, two had a much larger, and two had a much smaller, share of total world exports in 1970 than in 1984. This is perfect because this shows that these 4 countries were not actually stable. two of them went down and two of them went up, it is only the average of the 4 that remained the same over the years.

(E) The exports of the four countries range from 15 percent to 75 percent of the total national output. There is no relevance here to the 4 countries being a good example of stability
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Re: Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 195  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2019, 07:25
Came down Between A & D.
Then selected D by using the negation technique, just wanted to know that am i using the negation approach correctly ?
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Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 195  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jan 2019, 02:36
I think in questions of this nature, the randomness of the dates is a crucial factor. So, if the share was stable between 1953 and 1984, was it stable between 1953 and 1965? In my opinion, D is the only serious choice here.
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Re: Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 195  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jan 2019, 23:30
whichscore wrote:
Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 1953, four had the same share of total world exports in 1984 as in 1953. Theses countries can therefore serve as models for those countries that wish to keep their share of the global export trade stable over the years.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the suitability of those four countries as models in the sense described?


(A) Many countries wish to increase their share of world export trade, not just keep it stable.

(B) Many countries are less concerned with exports alone than with the balance between exports and imports.

(C) With respect to the mix of products each exports, the four countries are very different from each other.

(D) Of the four countries, two had a much larger, and two had a much smaller, share of total world exports in 1970 than in 1984.

(E) The exports of the four countries range from 15 percent to 75 percent of the total national output.



The argument says that the four counties serve as model for those countries that wish to keep their export stable over the years
So keeping the above statement in mind, we can easily eliminate answer choice A & B
Option C is irrelevant
Option E is again irrelevant because we are not concerned about the percentage of export
Option D is correct because it shows that during the time period mentioned the export of the 4 countries did fluctuate and hence, are not suitable as a model for keeping exports stable
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Re: Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 195  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2019, 02:49
D is definitely and clearly the right answer. The premise of the passage is that since these countries have managed to keep their share of total world exports stable, over 31 years, other countries that wish to do the same can do so by following their lead. Option D clearly contradicts the original assertion about their share of global exports, showing that the share of exports has actually changed significantly for all four countries.



Thus, D is the best option since it collapses the entire premise.
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Re: Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 195  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2019, 04:28
whichscore wrote:
Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 1953, four had the same share of total world exports in 1984 as in 1953. Theses countries can therefore serve as models for those countries that wish to keep their share of the global export trade stable over the years.

Which of the following, if true, casts the most serious doubt on the suitability of those four countries as models in the sense described?


As long as you can summarize the argument and understand the question this is easy, so we gotta take time to make sure that's understood.


Summary: Exports in 53' = 84', therefore stable throughout years

Prethink: What if there was a lot of fluctuation in the middle?



(A) Many countries wish to increase their share of world export trade, not just keep it stable.

Irrelevant, the passage specifically mentions that these countries serve as models for STABLE trade, which is what we want. We don't care about improving trade.


(B) Many countries are less concerned with exports alone than with the balance between exports and imports.

Irrelevant. What they are concerned (or not) with is outside the scope.

(C) With respect to the mix of products each exports, the four countries are very different from each other.

Irrelevant. This doesn't matter, we're not getting into the details, we just want big picture stuff that helps trade stay STABLE.

(D) Of the four countries, two had a much larger, and two had a much smaller, share of total world exports in 1970 than in 1984.

Sounds like fluctuations (Aligns with Prethinking). Good

(E) The exports of the four countries range from 15 percent to 75 percent of the total national output.

Irrelevant. Totally outside the scope of the passage and question.
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Re: Of the countries that were the world’s twenty largest exporters in 195   [#permalink] 13 Sep 2019, 04:28
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