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# Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi

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Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 11 Dec 2018, 04:32
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Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.

(A) enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at

(B) enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching

(C) enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached

(D) enrollment: the number of students in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached

(E) enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number, since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at

Originally posted by brothers on 06 Sep 2009, 19:10.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Dec 2018, 04:32, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2016, 10:05
5
Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.

(A) enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at
(B) enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching
(C) enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached
(D) enrollment: the number of students in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached
(E) enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number, since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at

Here's my take on the question (fixed the typo in D.)

First, from the original sentence there are two mistakes with SVA.
1. THE NUMBER of [...] HAVE grown (the number here refers to a specific number, thus it must be singular. The verb does not agree)
2. THE NUMBER of [...] ARE at (same reason with 1.)

From the question analysis we can eliminate A. From then on we look at the remaining choices.

B) sounds very awkward, so let's eliminate it.

We're left with C, D, and E that uses the colon to explain the first part of the sentence. Since the colon is introduce, it is not necessary to use the words such as 'since'. Additionally, C and E changed the meaning of the sentence by constructing it as along the lines of 'students are growing in number'. To me that sounds very weird. It makes sense more to actively say a/the number are/is growing.

Therefore, we can quickly eliminate C and E.

The answer choice through the process of elimination is D. D resolves the issue of SVA and does not have unnecessary words or awkward construction.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2010, 11:15
1
in the above question we have verb agreement and parallelism error

choice a is out since the number doesn't agree with plural verb have
choice d is parallel has grown vs has reached and also concise when compared with other choices

so my choice is D
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2010, 11:44
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brothers wrote:
Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.
(A) enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at
(B) enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching
(C) enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached
(D) enrollment: the number of student in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached
(E) enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number, since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at

Option D has a serious error, students should be plural with an s appended to the end, instead it is presented in a singular form, making the sentence more awkwardly sounding. I seriously don't think this is the kind of a common GMAT trap, if so, GMAT is stooping low. Anyhow, if this is just a human error by the person who posed the question, then it is fine and D should be the answer.

Otherwise, if that's how the option is, then E should be the answer.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2010, 14:42
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BarneyStinson wrote:
brothers wrote:
Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.
(A) enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at
(B) enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching
(C) enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached
(D) enrollment: the number of student in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached
(E) enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number, since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at

Option D has a serious error, students should be plural with an s appended to the end, instead it is presented in a singular form, making the sentence more awkwardly sounding. I seriously don't think this is the kind of a common GMAT trap, if so, GMAT is stooping low. Anyhow, if this is just a human error by the person who posed the question, then it is fine and D should be the answer.

Otherwise, if that's how the option is, then E should be the answer.

There is no mistake in D as it is.
"The number of" is Singular. So it needs a singular "Student".
If it was "a number of" then "students" will be the correct usage.
Hence D is correct.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2010, 19:54
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sang5650 wrote:
There is no mistake in D as it is.
"The number of" is Singular. So it needs a singular "Student".
If it was "a number of" then "students" will be the correct usage.
Hence D is correct.

Note this rule -

We use a singular verb with the phrase "the number of".
e.g -- The number of club members has increased this year.

We use a plural verb with the phrase "a number of".
e.g -- A number of students were absent today.

As you see, "the number of students" is the correct form.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2010, 08:22
2
there is obvious mistake of "the number of student" ...
but there is another mistake..which is a typo in the ques itself.. please see the link at MGMAt forums for the same ques...the correct ans is D..

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/par ... t2450.html

PS: kudos please of you like my post...
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2016, 05:56
1
brothers wrote:
Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.

(A) enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at
(B) enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching
(C) enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached
(D) enrollment: the number of student in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached
(E) enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number, since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at

regarding choice B.
whenever we see , doing, we have to give it a tense. in this case, growing takes tense of main clause "is" so, growing has present tense. this is not logic because present tense can not go with since.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2016, 18:03
1
Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.

(D) enrollment: the number of student in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached
(E) enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number, since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at

E is incorrect :

students in public schools have grown steadily in number and are at a record high. For the second verb "are", the subject is students and not number. That makes it.

students are at a record high while it should be " The number of students are at record high."
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2018, 05:52
I have a doubt in D: shouldn't there be "and" between two "has" to make the sentence parallel and correct ??
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2018, 15:29
1
1
amalganatra wrote:
I have a doubt in D: shouldn't there be "and" between two "has" to make the sentence parallel and correct ??

Hello amalganatra,

I will be glad to help resolve your doubt.

Following is the structure of this official sentence with Choice D:

Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment:
the number of student in public schools
has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and,
at nearly 47 million, has reached a record high.

I hope now you can spot the connector and between the two verbs.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2018, 04:03
Hi,

Can someone explain what's the subject of "has reached" in option D? I couldn't connect the verb with any subject here. Many thanks
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2018, 10:00
beatgmat2016 wrote:
Hi,

Can someone explain what's the subject of "has reached" in option D? I couldn't connect the verb with any subject here. Many thanks

Hi beatgmat2016, the subject is the number of students.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2018, 20:24
3
Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to higher enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at a record high.

(A) enrollment, since the number of students in public schools have grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at - The number of students is singular. A number of students is plural

(B) enrollment, with a number of students in public schools growing steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, reaching- it reached a record high so, it should be in simple past

(C) enrollment: since students in public schools have grown steadily in number since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, have reached-: and since conveys same meaning so it is reduntant and students have reached record high is incorrect, number of students reached record high is correct

(D) enrollment: the number of students in public schools has grown steadily since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, has reached -correct SV agreement

(E) enrollment: students in public schools have grown steadily in number, since the mid-1980’s and, at nearly 47 million, are at- students are not at record high, number of students are at record high so, it is incorrect
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Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2018, 00:11
I have a doubt regarding ", + FANBOY" construction.

I read these following sentences in the explanation of some OG question on this forum.

I play but do not study. (This is correct)
I play, but do not study (This is incorrect, because ", + but" requires the second clause)

So, with that in mind, in option D, does the 2nd part after comma not require a subject in order to become a clause?
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01 Jan 2019, 00:02
Govt should increase budget for education.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2019, 06:48
VeritasKarishma what is problem with opt B ?
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2019, 02:21
1
kj1993 wrote:
VeritasKarishma what is problem with opt B ?

In (B), "a number of students" is wrong. It means "many students". Many students are not growing steadily. The number (of students) is growing steadily.

Note the difference between the use of
a number of X - many X
A number of people will come to the party.

the number of - tells us how many X there are
At the party, the number of people was 52.
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Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi  [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2019, 04:39
GMATNinja - Is the use of the colon correct here? From my local tutor and from your video on punctuations , I have understood that colon is used typically when a list of things are being presented or as you say it will "set of some examples" and one can think of the ":" as "namely".

I felt as if the colon didn't suit the sentence here in anyway and removed options C D and E and forced myself into choosing an option out of A and B!
Re: Part of the proposed increase in state education spending is due to hi   [#permalink] 23 Dec 2019, 04:39
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