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Q38: In one state, all cities and most towns have

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Q38: In one state, all cities and most towns have [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2008, 06:11
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Q38:
In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances. A petition entitled
“Petition for Statewide Smoking Restriction” is being circulated to voters by campaign
workers who ask only, “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking
restriction?” The petition advocates a state law banning smoking in most retail
establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.
Which of the following circumstances would make the petition as circulated misleading
to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?
A. Health costs associated with smoking cause health insurance premiums to rise for
everyone and so affect nonsmokers.
B. In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and
government offices that are open to the public.
C. The state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances, which contain
stronger bans than the state law does.
D. There is considerable sentiment among voters in most areas of the state for
restriction of smoking.
E. The state law would not affect existing local ordinances banning smoking in
places where the fire authorities have determined that smoking would constitute a
fire hazard.
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Re: CR#tough1 [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2008, 08:00
IMO C.

Question is "misleading to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?"

C answers that by saying that state law is more relaxed hence it is not "merely" an extension.

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Re: CR#tough1 [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2008, 08:04
Premise1: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances.
Premise2: A petition entitled “Petition for Statewide Smoking Restriction” is being circulated to voters by campaign workers who ask only, “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking
restriction?”
Premise3: The petition advocates a state law banning smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.

Conclusion (In Question): Which option would make the petition misleading to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?

A. Health costs associated with smoking cause health insurance premiums to rise for
everyone and so affect nonsmokers.
Irrelevant.

B. In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and
government offices that are open to the public.
Irrelevant.

C. The state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances, which contain stronger bans than the state law does.
This meas exactly opposite of conclusion.

D. There is considerable sentiment among voters in most areas of the state for restriction of smoking.
Irrelevant.

E. The state law would not affect existing local ordinances banning smoking in places where the fire authorities have determined that smoking would constitute a fire hazard.
Sounds good. It means local laws are not affected so new restrictions are not extension of existing laws statewide.

IMO E.

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Re: CR#tough1 [#permalink]

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New post 30 Aug 2008, 08:31
abhijit_sen wrote:
Premise1: In one state, all cities and most towns have antismoking ordinances.
Premise2: A petition entitled “Petition for Statewide Smoking Restriction” is being circulated to voters by campaign workers who ask only, “Do you want to sign a petition for statewide smoking
restriction?”
Premise3: The petition advocates a state law banning smoking in most retail establishments and in government offices that are open to the public.

Conclusion (In Question): Which option would make the petition misleading to voters who understand the proposal as extending the local ordinances statewide?

A. Health costs associated with smoking cause health insurance premiums to rise for
everyone and so affect nonsmokers.
Irrelevant.

B. In rural areas of the state, there are relatively few retail establishments and
government offices that are open to the public.
Irrelevant.

C. The state law would supersede the local antismoking ordinances, which contain stronger bans than the state law does.
This meas exactly opposite of conclusion.

D. There is considerable sentiment among voters in most areas of the state for restriction of smoking.
Irrelevant.

E. The state law would not affect existing local ordinances banning smoking in places where the fire authorities have determined that smoking would constitute a fire hazard.
Sounds good. It means local laws are not affected so new restrictions are not extension of existing laws statewide.

IMO E.

This is a great explanation
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Re: CR#tough1   [#permalink] 30 Aug 2008, 08:31
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Q38: In one state, all cities and most towns have

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