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# QOTD: A study of food resources in the North Pacific

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MBA Section Director
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QOTD: A study of food resources in the North Pacific [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2017, 10:46
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (01:16) correct 42% (01:13) wrong based on 736 sessions

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 34: Sentence Correction

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A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly a result from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

(A) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly a result from increasing

(B) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in

(C) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing

(D) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in

(E) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

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https://www.nytimes.com/1999/06/01/science/the-diverse-creatures-of-the-deep-may-be-starving.html

Hordes of creatures living in the hidden depths of the deep sea are in danger of starving to death, scientists report. This remote part of the planet is believed to harbor millions of undiscovered species, an unknown number of which may be in crisis.

A study of food supply and demand miles down in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 found that creatures of the seabed suffered from growing food shortages. A likely culprit, scientists say, is a documented increase in sea surface temperatures during the same period.

''If the food deficit continues, it is going to change the configuration of the deep-sea communities,'' said Kenneth L. Smith Jr., a biologist at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in San Diego and a co-author of the report, which was published recently in Science. ''Some species will die out while those that can survive on a very low food supply will still be able to maintain themselves.''

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Re: QOTD: A study of food resources in the North Pacific [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2017, 10:47
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2
Quote:
A: that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly a result from increasing

I don't love the “a result from increasing” at the end of the sentence. “A result of” is the correct idiom. But if you don’t feel certain about that idiom… well, read this article about idioms, maybe. And then look for other stuff.

The more important thing: logically, the first part of the underlined sentence doesn’t make a whole lot of sense. The creatures weren’t suffering from “dwindling food supplies.” Sure, they were suffering because the supplies were dwindling, but they weren’t suffering from the supplies themselves. Food supplies don’t make you suffer. Eliminate (A).

Quote:
B: that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in

Nice, this seems to fix exactly the problems described in (A). Let’s keep (B).

Quote:
C: that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing

Same problem as (A): creatures weren’t suffering because of the food supplies. Food supplies are awesome, and don’t cause suffering. :

Quote:
D: creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in

We actually need the word “that” at the beginning of the underlined portion in this case. Without it, the sentence says that the study “revealed creatures of the seabed…” – and that makes no sense, unless you think that the study involved peeling away layers of sand from the ocean floor to reveal creatures. We also still have the same meaning issue as in (A) and (C): (D) also seems to be saying that the creatures suffered from food supplies. Eliminate (D).

Quote:
E: creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

(E) is easier to eliminate. Sure, there’s the same meaning issue as in (D) (“revealed creatures of the seabed”), but the modifier beginning with “which” can’t logically modify “dwindling.”

So (E) is gone, and (B) is the winner.
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##### General Discussion
Manager
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Re: QOTD: A study of food resources in the North Pacific [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2017, 12:24
souvik101990 - IMO B

I reject the others because of following reasons:

A - because is a better option but more importantly - the phrase after food supplies tends to modify the food supplies and not explain that the food supplies are dwindling as a result of an increase in .....

B - seems ok and logical in conveying message - not rejected

C - use of which seems redundant further - they are suffering because of the dwindling and not because of the supplies as a whole

D - that is missing and sentence is awkwardly constructed

E- use of which tends to modify dwindling. awkwardly constructed. that is missing
Manager
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Re: QOTD: A study of food resources in the North Pacific [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2017, 14:58
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly a result from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

Besides A and B, other options change meaning and thus eliminated them. That said, between A and B, I preferred B because of two reasons:
1. "a result from" appears to be an incorrect idiom. "as a result of" is better
2. increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period - "an increase" sounds better since we are talking about a time duration during which, possibly, the temperature rose. the study was done after 1996 and the author would have noted "net" (or an) increase rather than continuous "increasing".
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Re: QOTD: A study of food resources in the North Pacific [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2017, 08:50
GMATNinja wrote:
Quote:
A: that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly a result from increasing

I don't love the “a result from increasing” at the end of the sentence. “A result of” is the correct idiom. But if you don’t feel certain about that idiom… well, read this article about idioms, maybe. And then look for other stuff.

The more important thing: logically, the first part of the underlined sentence doesn’t make a whole lot of sense. The creatures weren’t suffering from “dwindling food supplies.” Sure, they were suffering because the supplies were dwindling, but they weren’t suffering from the supplies themselves. Food supplies don’t make you suffer. Eliminate (A).

Quote:
B: that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in

Nice, this seems to fix exactly the problems described in (A). Let’s keep (B).

Quote:
C: that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing

Same problem as (A): creatures weren’t suffering because of the food supplies. Food supplies are awesome, and don’t cause suffering. :

Quote:
D: creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in

We actually need the word “that” at the beginning of the underlined portion in this case. Without it, the sentence says that the study “revealed creatures of the seabed…” – and that makes no sense, unless you think that the study involved peeling away layers of sand from the ocean floor to reveal creatures. We also still have the same meaning issue as in (A) and (C): (D) also seems to be saying that the creatures suffered from food supplies. Eliminate (D).

Quote:
E: creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

(E) is easier to eliminate. Sure, there’s the same meaning issue as in (D) (“revealed creatures of the seabed”), but the modifier beginning with “which” can’t logically modify “dwindling.”

So (E) is gone, and (B) is the winner.

But MGMAT book lists results from as right in its idiom lists.
However, so we can't say "he is suffering from/bcz of low food supply"?
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Re: QOTD: A study of food resources in the North Pacific [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2017, 15:05
rma26 wrote:
However, so we can't say "he is suffering from/bcz of low food supply"?

Hello rma26,

The answer to you question is no. We cannot say: He is suffering from low food supply.

It is so because low in your example sentence dwindling in the official sentence are mere modifiers that present some feature of food supply. The main entity in the phrase dwindling/low food supply remains food supply. And as already pointed out, logically food supply cannot be the cause of anyone's suffering.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Manager
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Re: QOTD: A study of food resources in the North Pacific [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2018, 19:29
(C) is wrong because the use of "because of"

"Because of" always follows by a clause
"Due to" always follows by a noun
Re: QOTD: A study of food resources in the North Pacific   [#permalink] 23 Apr 2018, 19:29
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