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QOTD: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August

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QOTD: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August [#permalink]

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Verbal Question of The Day: Day 43: Sentence Correction


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Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectations that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.

A. that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of
B. that personal spending in the July-September quarter would more than double
C. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it more than doubled
D. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, more than doubling that of
E. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it would more than double that of

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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QOTD: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August [#permalink]

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Lots of “that” going on this week. Check out our Topic of the Week, or our YouTube live webinar on the GMAT’s many uses of “that”.

In this question, we have two different uses of “that” going on. Fun.

Quote:
A. that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of

The first "that" is pretty harmless, and just modifies “expectations.” The second that is trying to function as a pronoun – and “that” is always singular when it’s being used as a pronoun, so let’s look for a singular noun it could refer back to. “Personal spending” is singular. So let’s replace “that” with “personal spending”:

    Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1% in August, intensifying expectations that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled the personal spending of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending


Whoa, that’s a steaming pile of nonsense. Eliminate (A).

Quote:
B. that personal spending in the July-September quarter would more than double

Hm, this looks good. “Intensifying expectations that personal spending… would more than double” is perfectly clear, and we don’t have any pronoun issues. Keep (B).

Quote:
C. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it more than doubled

I don’t like the “intensifying expectations of personal spending, but the pronouns are a much bigger issue. “That” looks like a noun modifier – modifying “personal spending in the July-September quarter”, I guess? But then what does “it” refer to? “Personal spending”, I guess? Then we have “intensifying expectations of personal spending, that personal spending more than doubled the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending…”

Wow, that’s another pronoun mess. I think we can safely get rid of (C).

Quote:
D. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, more than doubling that of

Same pronoun error as in (A), so (D) is gone.

Quote:
E. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it would more than double that of

Same pronoun error as in (A) and (D), so (E) is gone, too.

We’re left with (B). Yay pronouns.
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QOTD: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 11:34
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IMO B.

A- that of doesn't link back to "personal spending"- So Eliminate. Also "Doubled" in past tense.
B- Looks Good. We use "Would" to mention the future possibility(subjunctive). And Double act as a verb.

C, D & E- Contains verb error "of" Expectation of about a person. We use "that" to say some event will occur in future.

This is really a 2/3 split. If we find the difference between the expectation of and expectation that. then we are down to 2. And B has correct verb tense compared to A.
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Re: QOTD: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 13:55
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 43: Sentence Correction


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Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectations that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.

A. that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of
B. that personal spending in the July-September quarter would more than double
C. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it more than doubled
D. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, more than doubling that of
E. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it would more than double that of

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


B sounds like the best bet to me.
Waiting for the explanation by GMAT Ninja.
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Re: QOTD: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2017, 12:00
Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectations that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.

A. that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of ==> second that refers to "personal spending" which makes the sentence illogical
B. that personal spending in the July-September quarter would more than double ==> Correct
C. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it more than doubled ==> incorrect usage of "of personal spending"
D. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, more than doubling that of ==> incorrect usage of "of personal spending"
E. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it would more than double that of ==> incorrect usage of "of personal spending"

Hence, Answer is B
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Re: QOTD: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jul 2017, 21:34
Hi
I have a question regarding to "more than double", is that right? Can we just use "double"? I think more than double is redundant. Thanks!

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QOTD: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 08:51
Here is the OE from OG 2015:

Quote:
Verb form; Logical predication
The sentence explains the expectations that resulted from a past retail sales trend. Since expectations look to the future but are not yet realized, the relative clause explaining these expectations should be conditional, employing the auxiliary verb would.

A The simple past-tense verb form does not express the forward-looking sense of expectations.
B Correct. By using the verb would double, this concise sentence indicates that the expectation has not yet been realized.
C This construction is awkward, announcing the topic (personal spending) and then elaborating in a relative clause that restates this topic as it.
D Although this option is not technically wrong, it is less clear and graceful than (B).
E Like (C), this sentence is awkward and unnecessarily wordy, announcing the topic and then using an additional clause to elaborate on it.

The correct answer is B.


GMATNinja: Why did OG say that option D isn't technically wrong?
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QOTD: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 09:02
Carrieli wrote:
Hi
I have a question regarding to "more than double", is that right? Can we just use "double"? I think more than double is redundant. Thanks!


Hi Carrieli ,

More than double means Double plus something.

For example, If x = 10. y is more than double of x means y > 20.

Does that make sense?
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Re: QOTD: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2017, 17:07
broall wrote:
Here is the OE from OG 2015:

Quote:
Verb form; Logical predication
The sentence explains the expectations that resulted from a past retail sales trend. Since expectations look to the future but are not yet realized, the relative clause explaining these expectations should be conditional, employing the auxiliary verb would.

A The simple past-tense verb form does not express the forward-looking sense of expectations.
B Correct. By using the verb would double, this concise sentence indicates that the expectation has not yet been realized.
C This construction is awkward, announcing the topic (personal spending) and then elaborating in a relative clause that restates this topic as it.
D Although this option is not technically wrong, it is less clear and graceful than (B).
E Like (C), this sentence is awkward and unnecessarily wordy, announcing the topic and then using an additional clause to elaborate on it.

The correct answer is B.


GMATNinja: Why did OG say that option D isn't technically wrong?

Wow, that's a really interesting official explanation. It pains me to say this, but those explanations are often complete garbage. Often, the questions themselves are written years -- or even decades -- before they're ultimately retired and end up in an OG. So whoever writes the explanations likely has no contact with the people who created the question in the first place. I'm not even sure that the explanation-writers are GMAC employees -- it's possible that they're contracted by Wiley, the publisher, not GMAC.

Anyway... in this case, I completely disagree with the explanation for (D). I don't think there's any justification whatsoever for the use of "that of" here, but maybe I'm missing something.
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Re: QOTD: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2017, 18:45
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GMATNinja wrote:
broall wrote:
Here is the OE from OG 2015:

Quote:
Verb form; Logical predication
The sentence explains the expectations that resulted from a past retail sales trend. Since expectations look to the future but are not yet realized, the relative clause explaining these expectations should be conditional, employing the auxiliary verb would.

A The simple past-tense verb form does not express the forward-looking sense of expectations.
B Correct. By using the verb would double, this concise sentence indicates that the expectation has not yet been realized.
C This construction is awkward, announcing the topic (personal spending) and then elaborating in a relative clause that restates this topic as it.
D Although this option is not technically wrong, it is less clear and graceful than (B).
E Like (C), this sentence is awkward and unnecessarily wordy, announcing the topic and then using an additional clause to elaborate on it.

The correct answer is B.


GMATNinja: Why did OG say that option D isn't technically wrong?

Wow, that's a really interesting official explanation. It pains me to say this, but those explanations are often complete garbage. Often, the questions themselves are written years -- or even decades -- before they're ultimately retired and end up in an OG. So whoever writes the explanations likely has no contact with the people who created the question in the first place. I'm not even sure that the explanation-writers are GMAC employees -- it's possible that they're contracted by Wiley, the publisher, not GMAC.

Anyway... in this case, I completely disagree with the explanation for (D). I don't think there's any justification whatsoever for the use of "that of" here, but maybe I'm missing something.


Oh, it's surprising to hear that :-D OG is a commercial product that helps test takers prepare for the exam. Hence, GMAC shouldn't make any those careless things.
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Re: QOTD: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2017, 19:41
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 43: Sentence Correction


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For All QOTD Questions Click Here


Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectations that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.

A. that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of
B. that personal spending in the July-September quarter would more than double
C. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it more than doubled
D. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, more than doubling that of
E. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it would more than double that of

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


A that is A is not necessary .
B is correct
C that in C is ambiguous
D same as C
E wordy and awkward
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Re: QOTD: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2017, 02:19
Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August, intensifying expectations that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of the 1.4 percent growth rate in personal spending for the previous quarter.

A. that personal spending in the July-September quarter more than doubled that of
B. that personal spending in the July-September quarter would more than double -CORRECT
C. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it more than doubled
D. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, more than doubling that of
E. of personal spending in the July-September quarter, that it would more than double that of
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Re: QOTD: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2017, 06:41
abhimahna wrote:
Carrieli wrote:
Hi
I have a question regarding to "more than double", is that right? Can we just use "double"? I think more than double is redundant. Thanks!


Hi Carrieli ,

More than double means Double plus something.

For example, If x = 10. y is more than double of x means y > 20.

Does that make sense?



Thank you very much. I'm clear now. :-D

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Re: QOTD: Retail sales rose 8/10 of 1 percent in August   [#permalink] 05 Aug 2017, 06:41
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