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Radioactive waste from nuclear power plants has been temporarily store

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Radioactive waste from nuclear power plants has been temporarily store  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2019, 18:32
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  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

71% (01:37) correct 29% (01:54) wrong based on 180 sessions

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Radioactive waste from nuclear power plants has been temporarily stored on-site, but this is not a satisfactory kind of place for long-range storage. Since no suitable plan of safe permanent storage of such waste from the nation’s existing and planned nuclear plants has been devised, some people propose that we should stop trying to develop such a plan and instead should shut down all present nuclear plants and build no new nuclear plants.

The proposal mentioned above falls short of offering a complete solution to the problem it addresses because

(A) it would prevent the development of safe technologies for producing electric power

(B) it does not distinguish between nuclear plants that have, and plants that do not have, a reputation for operating safely

(C) it does not provide for the permanent storage of already-existing waste

(D) the generation of electric power from fossil fuels is relatively safe

(E) the risks of unsafe disposal of waste from nuclear power plants lie in the future, but the benefits from such plants are in the present

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Re: Radioactive waste from nuclear power plants has been temporarily store  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2019, 07:09
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Radioactive waste from nuclear power plants has been temporarily stored on-site, but this is not a satisfactory kind of place for long-range storage. Since no suitable plan of safe permanent storage of such waste from the nation’s existing and planned nuclear plants has been devised, some people propose that we should stop trying to develop such a plan and instead should shut down all present nuclear plants and build no new nuclear plants.

The proposal mentioned above falls short of offering a complete solution to the problem it addresses because
Proposal- we should stop trying to develop such a plan and instead should shut down all present nuclear plants and build no new nuclear plants.

(A) it would prevent the development of safe technologies for producing electric power- irrelevant- we don't know whether nuclear power plant is a safe tech for power production. Also, we have no idea of the relative safety of different technologies

(B) it does not distinguish between nuclear plants that have, and plants that do not have, a reputation for operating safely- incorrect, regardless of this our concern is with radioactive waste disposal

(C) it does not provide for the permanent storage of already-existing waste- Correct, this argument overlooks the safe disposal of existing nuclear wastes

(D) the generation of electric power from fossil fuels is relatively safe- irrelevant

(E) the risks of unsafe disposal of waste from nuclear power plants lie in the future, but the benefits from such plants are in the present- incorrect, what about the radioactive waste that has been already generated

Answer C
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Re: Radioactive waste from nuclear power plants has been temporarily store  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2019, 15:44
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SajjadAhmad wrote:
Radioactive waste from nuclear power plants has been temporarily stored on-site, but this is not a satisfactory kind of place for long-range storage. Since no suitable plan of safe permanent storage of such waste from the nation’s existing and planned nuclear plants has been devised, some people propose that we should stop trying to develop such a plan and instead should shut down all present nuclear plants and build no new nuclear plants.

The proposal mentioned above falls short of offering a complete solution to the problem it addresses because



The toughest part is deciphering what the argument actually is.. After understanding it, you can summarize it as follows:

SUMMARY : Nuclear waste is bad. We have no plan for current disposal, therefore we propose shutting down all plants.


Prethinking -> No solution was provided for the current waste, so this solution is incomplete



(A) it would prevent the development of safe technologies for producing electric power

Irrelevant. We're interested in explaining why the argument put forth sucks.

(B) it does not distinguish between nuclear plants that have, and plants that do not have, a reputation for operating safely

Irrelevant. Reputation is not a factor to consider within the realm of this passage

(C) it does not provide for the permanent storage of already-existing waste

Correct. The proposal is to shut down plants, but what about the current waste issue?

(D) the generation of electric power from fossil fuels is relatively safe

Irrelevant.

(E) the risks of unsafe disposal of waste from nuclear power plants lie in the future, but the benefits from such plants are in the present

Irrelevant.
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Radioactive waste from nuclear power plants has been temporarily store  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2019, 14:56
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We need to find a gap in the argument that is formulated to come to the solution

Background: R.waste stored on-site
1ºPremise: Not good for long term
2ºPremise: No plan to store
3ºPremise: stop developing plan, instead shut down plants and don't build new ones

So we need to find a gap in the solution. Let's start brainstorming. Does the alternative to stop planning and shutting down power plants help fix the problem? well, in someway, because we wouldn't generate more waste, but what about the exisiting one? We want to avoid having waste now and in the future to solve the problem and the solution only takcles the future. Let's look at the choices with this in mind


(A) it would prevent the development of safe technologies for producing electric power

safe technologies? why would shutting down power plants prevent the development of safe technologies? Incorrect

(B) it does not distinguish between nuclear plants that have, and plants that do not have, a reputation for operating safely

reputation for operating safely? not related to waste storage. Incorrect

(C) it does not provide for the permanent storage of already-existing waste

This is exactly what we said. Correct

(D) the generation of electric power from fossil fuels is relatively safe

Electric power? Not related. Incorrect

(E) the risks of unsafe disposal of waste from nuclear power plants lie in the future, but the benefits from such plants are in the present

Still this option doesn't tackle the main gap of the argument:what to do with already existing waste. Incorrect

OPTION C
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Re: Radioactive waste from nuclear power plants has been temporarily store  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2019, 12:48
SajjadAhmad wrote:
Radioactive waste from nuclear power plants has been temporarily stored on-site, but this is not a satisfactory kind of place for long-range storage. Since no suitable plan of safe permanent storage of such waste from the nation’s existing and planned nuclear plants has been devised, some people propose that we should stop trying to develop such a plan and instead should shut down all present nuclear plants and build no new nuclear plants.

The proposal mentioned above falls short of offering a complete solution to the problem it addresses because

(A) it would prevent the development of safe technologies for producing electric power

(B) it does not distinguish between nuclear plants that have, and plants that do not have, a reputation for operating safely

(C) it does not provide for the permanent storage of already-existing waste

(D) the generation of electric power from fossil fuels is relatively safe

(E) the risks of unsafe disposal of waste from nuclear power plants lie in the future, but the benefits from such plants are in the present


Hi everyone,

logical flaw question

The conclusion of the argument talk about the solution to a problem.
The problem is that radioactive waste is dangerous and there is no safety plan existing while some radioactive waste is stored on site.

The problem can be broken down in 2:
#1 what do we do with the current radioactive waste?
#2 what do we do with the future radioactive waste?

The conclusion talks about how to address #2 sub-problem but it does not talk about #1 sub-problem.

Option C addresses #1 sub-problem and hence it is the correct answer.
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Re: Radioactive waste from nuclear power plants has been temporarily store   [#permalink] 13 Oct 2019, 12:48
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