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Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed

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Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 07:35
6
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A
B
C
D
E

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  15% (low)

Question Stats:

79% (01:18) correct 21% (01:30) wrong based on 457 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 11: Sentence Correction (SC2)


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Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

(A) Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.
(B) Reared apart from each other, striking similarities between identical twins that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior were shown in a recent United States study.
(C) A recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins reared apart from each other that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior.
(D) According to a recent United States study, identical twins reared apart from each other showed striking similarities, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.
(E) According to a recent United States study, identical twins showed striking similarities reared apart from each other, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

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Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 17 Nov 2018, 12:50
aragonn wrote:

Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

(A) Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.
- Wrong placement of modifier.

(B) Reared apart from each other, striking similarities between identical twins that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior were shown in a recent United States study.
- Same as A above

(C) A recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins reared apart from each other that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior.
-wrong use of restrictive "that"

(D) According to a recent United States study, identical twins reared apart from each other showed striking similarities, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

(E) According to a recent United States study, identical twins showed striking similarities reared apart from each other, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.
-Wrong word order. It's identical twins who are reared apart.



This question is all about meaning. If one reads for meaning only D stands.

Ans : D
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Originally posted by Helium on 17 Nov 2018, 07:53.
Last edited by Helium on 17 Nov 2018, 12:50, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 11:11
This question seems to be all about meaning, lets first try to understand the meaning: The statement is trying to say that in a recent study it has been found that he identical twins which are reared apart from each other shows many similarities which includes idio whatever behavior.


Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

(A) Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior. -> modifier reared apart should modify the twins not the study
(B) Reared apart from each other, striking similarities between identical twins that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior were shown in a recent United States study. -> modifier reared apart should modify the twins not the striking similarities
(C) A recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins reared apart from each other that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior.
(D) According to a recent United States study, identical twins reared apart from each other showed striking similarities, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior. -> This is the correct on modifier reared apart is correctly modifying the twins and also -ING including is correctly referring to the modified action 'showed' and the correct noun 'twins'
(E) According to a recent United States study, identical twins showed striking similarities reared apart from each other, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior. -> modifier reared apart should modify the twins not the similarities
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Re: Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 17:58
(A) Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior. - modifier placed wrong.Here 'reared apart from each other' modifier is compared to a study....incorrect option

(B) Reared apart from each other, striking similarities between identical twins that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior were shown in a recent United States study....wrong placing of modifier...incorrect option

(C) A recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins reared apart from each other that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior. - modifier should be placed as closer to what it is meant to modify and therefore ambiguity in meaning makes this option incorrect

(D) According to a recent United States study, identical twins reared apart from each other showed striking similarities, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior. - comma +ing modifier refers back to the striking similarities shown by the twins.....this is the best option and hence correct...

(E) According to a recent United States study, identical twins showed striking similarities reared apart from each other, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior. - misplaced modifier and wrong placing of "reared apart" away from the noun it is meant to modify.....incorrect option

IMO D
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Re: Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2018, 22:59
Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

(A) Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior. - Modifier issue - a study was not reared apart from each other
(B) Reared apart from each other, striking similarities between identical twins that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior were shown in a recent United States study. - same as A
(C) A recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins reared apart from each other that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior. - That include is too far from striking similarities
(D) According to a recent United States study, identical twins reared apart from each other showed striking similarities, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior. - Correct
(E) According to a recent United States study, identical twins showed striking similarities reared apart from each other, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior. - modifier "reared apart from each other" should be near the modifier entity twins; including is far from the modified entity striking similarities

Answer D
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Re: Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2018, 00:17
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 11: Sentence Correction (SC2)


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Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

(A) Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.
(B) Reared apart from each other, striking similarities between identical twins that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior were shown in a recent United States study.
(C) A recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins reared apart from each other that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior.
(D) According to a recent United States study, identical twins reared apart from each other showed striking similarities, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.
(E) According to a recent United States study, identical twins showed striking similarities reared apart from each other, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!


'Reared apart from each other ' modifies 'identical twins ' which is not the case in option A and B. Hence eliminated.
Option C and E are the cases of misplaced Modifier ' include many idiosyncrasies of behavior.'. In both the options, it is modifying 'each other ' but not the ' striking similarities '. Hence eliminated.
Correct option D.

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Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2018, 03:36
Quote:
Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.


Quote:
Meaning:-
According to United States study
1.The identical twins are reared apart from each other.
2. They show striking similarities including many idiosyncrasies of behavior


Quote:
(A) Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

Modifier issue. a recent United States study is not reared apart from each other. Incorrect.

Quote:
(B) Reared apart from each other, striking similarities between identical twins that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior were shown in a recent United States study.

Modifier issue. striking similarities are not reared apart from each other. Incorrect.

Quote:
(C) A recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins reared apart from each other that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

Change in meaning. That has an incorrect reference.It incorrectly refers to twins reared apart. Incorrect.

Quote:
(D) According to a recent United States study, identical twins reared apart from each other showed striking similarities, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

This is correct structure.

Quote:
(E) According to a recent United States study, identical twins showed striking similarities reared apart from each other, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

similarities are not reared apart from each other

IMO D.
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Re: Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2018, 04:22
1
Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

Quote:
(A) Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

Misplaced modifier. IMO, you look at this and what immediately hits you is that the sentence isn't structured properly. "including many..." also seems like a run-on sentence to me here. I'd find this incorrect.

Quote:
(B) Reared apart from each other, striking similarities between identical twins that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior were shown in a recent United States study.

Same as A, the 'meaning' element is missing from this answer choice.

Quote:
(C) A recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins reared apart from each other that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

It starts with "A recent" and I think the sentence should be more in simple present. Not sure if 'showed' is correct here. Secondly, 'that' reference seems incorrect.

Quote:
(D) According to a recent United States study, identical twins reared apart from each other showed striking similarities, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

The best construction thus far, so let's keep this in the race. 'Reared apart' in this sentence is also correctly modifying the twins.

Quote:
(E) According to a recent United States study, identical twins showed striking similarities reared apart from each other, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

'Reared apart' is incorrectly modifying striking similarities. It should be modifying the twins though.

Correct Answer: D

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Re: Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2018, 08:28
aragonn wrote:

Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

(A) Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.
(B) Reared apart from each other, striking similarities between identical twins that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior were shown in a recent United States study.
(C) A recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins reared apart from each other that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior.
(D) According to a recent United States study, identical twins reared apart from each other showed striking similarities, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.
(E) According to a recent United States study, identical twins showed striking similarities reared apart from each other, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

Official Explanation:


Choices A, B, C, and E all contain errors of modification. The phrase reared apart from each other is intended to describe the twins, but grammatically it modifies the nearest noun phrase. Thus, in A, it illogically describes a recent study, and, in B and E, it illogically describes striking simi­ larities. In C, the adjective clause that include many idiosyn­ crasies of behavior is awkwardly and confusingly separated from its antecedent, similarities. Only D, the best choice, presents a logical and clear statement.
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Re: Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2019, 20:34
i wanted to ask "what is the subject of action Verb " showed"....." i think its study not the twins ....but in "C" its correct .... i know we have other error in "c" but please let me know what is the subject for " Showed" ....

As per me its the study that showed the similarities...

Thanks in advance :) #gmatninja
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Re: Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2019, 23:43
jrk23 wrote:
i wanted to ask "what is the subject of action Verb " showed"....." i think its study not the twins ....but in "C" its correct .... i know we have other error in "c" but please let me know what is the subject for " Showed" ....

As per me its the study that showed the similarities...

Thanks in advance :) #gmatninja


jrk23

The intended meaning of the sentece suggests us that the study showed something !! what is that something?? IT IS THE PHENOMENON and not some particular.
The study showed that IT reared part from each other actually have striking similarities..first of all why is the author saying that it is striking?? because if two beings are raised apart from each other we might expect different behaviorial tendencices but the study showed otherwise...now the study did not actually show the "Similarities" but it showed a finding/phenomenon that Identical twins reared apart from each other showed Similafrities...


(C) A recent United States study showed striking similarities in identical twins reared apart from each other that include many idiosyncrasies of behavior.
- IN this option the study actually shows similarities in IT ...by placing the noun (twins) and its modifiers reared apart from each other in a latter modifieeri part we are emphasizing on just the "Similarities" ..but we loose the main emphaisis " identical twins reared apart from each other" ...see " in identical twons....." is modifiying "striking similarities" ..so the latter part becomes additional info ..but this construtions downplays that actual emphaisis !

(D) According to a recent United States study, identical twins reared apart from each other showed striking similarities, including many idiosyncrasies of behavior.

This sentence promotes the main highlight of the study "identical twins reared apart from each other" and then tells us what they found..see by forst proiding context (IT reared apart) the author then provides the main info..by providing the context first we get to know why the study findings were acually great "Striking" ...

If this explanation does not suffice please let me know
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Re: Reared apart from each other, a recent United States study showed   [#permalink] 23 Mar 2019, 23:43
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