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# Relative pronoun

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Joined: 30 Jul 2019
Posts: 51

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22 Nov 2019, 01:29
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The state of California contains 58 counties, of which some of them have a population less than 10,000.

(A) of which some of them have
(B) some of which having
(C) some of them having
(D) some of them have
(E) some of which to have

The following is the explanation given by magoosh to why option A is incorrect.

The word “which” is a relative pronoun, and this means two important things. First, “which” begins a subordinate clause that, like any clause, must have a full [noun] + [verb] structure. Second, the pronoun “which” itself is the subject of this subordinate clause.
Choice (A) has a bonafide verb, “have”, but it gets in trouble with the second rule — it has a double subject, the word “which” and the phrase “some of them”

But I am confused here what if "which" here is acting as a subordinating conjunction and not a relative pronoun? I read that to differentiate between a relative pronoun and a subordinate conjunction is to check whether who, which, etc are the subject of sentence, if there's another subject present then they act as subordinating conjunction and not relative pronoun so why is A incorrect?
Math Expert
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 59622

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22 Nov 2019, 01:45
rohitchayal wrote:
The state of California contains 58 counties, of which some of them have a population less than 10,000.

(A) of which some of them have
(B) some of which having
(C) some of them having
(D) some of them have
(E) some of which to have

The following is the explanation given by magoosh to why option A is incorrect.

The word “which” is a relative pronoun, and this means two important things. First, “which” begins a subordinate clause that, like any clause, must have a full [noun] + [verb] structure. Second, the pronoun “which” itself is the subject of this subordinate clause.
Choice (A) has a bonafide verb, “have”, but it gets in trouble with the second rule — it has a double subject, the word “which” and the phrase “some of them”

But I am confused here what if "which" here is acting as a subordinating conjunction and not a relative pronoun? I read that to differentiate between a relative pronoun and a subordinate conjunction is to check whether who, which, etc are the subject of sentence, if there's another subject present then they act as subordinating conjunction and not relative pronoun so why is A incorrect?

Discussed here: https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-state-of ... 46766.html Hope it helps.

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Re: Relative pronoun   [#permalink] 22 Nov 2019, 01:45
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