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# Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers

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Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers  [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2018, 05:10
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59% (01:45) correct 41% (01:54) wrong based on 151 sessions

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Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers unlike the plant cellulose that is digested in the intestines of odd-toed ungulates, which are relatively large grazers.

(A) Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers unlike the plant cellulose that is digested in the intestines of odd-toed ungulates, which are relatively large grazers.

(B) Relatively large grazers such as odd-toed ungulates digest plant cellulose in their intestines as opposed to the stomach chambers used for digestion by even-toed ungulates.

(C) Odd-toed ungulates are relatively large grazers and, unlike the ruminant even-toed ungulates that digest food in their stomach chambers, they digest plant cellulose in their intestines.

(D)Unlike the ruminant even-toed ungulates that digest food in their stomach chambers, plant cellulose is digested in the intestines of odd-toed ungulates, which are relatively large grazers.

(E) Plant cellulose is digested in the intestines of odd-toed ungulates, which are relatively large grazers, unlike the ruminant even-toed ungulates that digest food in their stomach chambers.

source - CrackVerbal

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Re: Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers  [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2018, 05:53
Unlike creates a comparison between odd-toed ungulates and even-toed ungulates. So C is correct

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Re: Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers  [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2018, 06:33
Comparison is between Odd-toed ungulates and even-toed ungulates

C makes the correct comparison

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Re: Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers  [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2018, 08:39
aragonn wrote:
Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers unlike the plant cellulose that is digested in the intestines of odd-toed ungulates, which are relatively large grazers.

(A) Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers unlike the plant cellulose that is digested in the intestines of odd-toed ungulates, which are relatively large grazers.

(B) Relatively large grazers such as odd-toed ungulates digest plant cellulose in their intestines as opposed to the stomach chambers used for digestion by even-toed ungulates.

(C) Odd-toed ungulates are relatively large grazers and, unlike the ruminant even-toed ungulates that digest food in their stomach chambers, they digest plant cellulose in their intestines.

(D)Unlike the ruminant even-toed ungulates that digest food in their stomach chambers, plant cellulose is digested in the intestines of odd-toed ungulates, which are relatively large grazers.

(E) Plant cellulose is digested in the intestines of odd-toed ungulates, which are relatively large grazers, unlike the ruminant even-toed ungulates that digest food in their stomach chambers.

source - CrackVerbal

Odd-toed ungulates are relatively large grazers and, unlike the ruminant even-toed ungulates that digest food in their stomach chambers, they digest plant cellulose in their intestines.

The pink part refers to the ruminant even-toed ungulates & The Orange part clearly refers to the Odd-toed ungulates
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Re: Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers  [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2018, 16:52
I think C contain multiple antecedents for pronoun "they" and "their".

So I voted for B. No pronoun-antecedent confusion.

Where I am wrong.
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Re: Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers  [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2018, 22:07
I am not sure whether I am correct or not
But i eliminated C because unlike part which is main crux of sentence is between comma in C
So I chose B over C

i dont know why their interest in B is creating problems. I could be wrong but a proper explanation is certainly welcome
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Re: Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2018, 01:51
Choice B changes the intended meaning of the sentence. It quotes odd-toed ungulates digest as an example of large grazers.
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Re: Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2018, 02:00
push12345 wrote:
I am not sure whether I am correct or not
But i eliminated C because unlike part which is main crux of sentence is between comma in C
So I chose B over C

i dont know why their interest in B is creating problems. I could be wrong but a proper explanation is certainly welcome

If you see closely you will notice that B changes the meaning.The original intention is to say OTU digest plant cellulose.But B says RLG do the digesting.Also if you read the option literally you will get the meaning that RLG is being compared to the stomach.

There are no hard and fast rules that apply to every problem in SC.Therefore in respect to "B" "C" is much better
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Re: Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2018, 02:07
when there is a comparison between X and Y, shouldn't they be put close to each other ? I read somewhere that when there is a comparison between two things, it is recommended that they be placed close to each other.

In that case,
option C- Odd-toed ungulates are relatively large grazers and, unlike the ruminant even-toed ungulates that digest food in their stomach chambers, they digest plant cellulose in their intestines.

And, that's why I chose option-B. Although, I'm not quite sure whether the usage of - X as opposed to Y is idiomatically correct.

Can anyone please clear this doubt :D ?
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Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2018, 02:32
Not necessarily.When like & unlike are used, then the main nouns of each segment are to be compared.Precisely what is happening in C...

Excuse me for the grammar lingo...
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Re: Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2018, 02:38
redskull1 wrote:
Not necessarily.When like & unlike are used, then the main nouns of each segment are to be compared.Precisely what is happening in C...

Excuse me for the grammar lingo...

Then option-C is better than the rest. The comparison is clear, just that the "comma" after "And" made me a little dubious about it.
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Re: Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2018, 03:45
Abhishek009 wrote:
aragonn wrote:
Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers unlike the plant cellulose that is digested in the intestines of odd-toed ungulates, which are relatively large grazers.

(A) Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers unlike the plant cellulose that is digested in the intestines of odd-toed ungulates, which are relatively large grazers.

(B) Relatively large grazers such as odd-toed ungulates digest plant cellulose in their intestines as opposed to the stomach chambers used for digestion by even-toed ungulates.

(C) Odd-toed ungulates are relatively large grazers and, unlike the ruminant even-toed ungulates that digest food in their stomach chambers, they digest plant cellulose in their intestines.

(D)Unlike the ruminant even-toed ungulates that digest food in their stomach chambers, plant cellulose is digested in the intestines of odd-toed ungulates, which are relatively large grazers.

(E) Plant cellulose is digested in the intestines of odd-toed ungulates, which are relatively large grazers, unlike the ruminant even-toed ungulates that digest food in their stomach chambers.

source - CrackVerbal

Odd-toed ungulates are relatively large grazers and, unlike the ruminant even-toed ungulates that digest food in their stomach chambers, they digest plant cellulose in their intestines.

The pink part refers to the ruminant even-toed ungulates & The Orange part clearly refers to the Odd-toed ungulates

Here, two independent clauses are not connected properly. comma after 'and' is just to separate the next entity. Could you please tell us why C is correct?
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Re: Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2018, 04:56

Official Explanation:

Concepts tested: Comparisons

A - Compares ET (even toed) ungulates to plant cellulose.
B - Compares OT (odd toed) ungulates to stomach chambers.
C – Compares animals to animals and hence right.
D - Compares ETungulates to plant cellulose.
E - Compares plant cellulose with ETungulates.

satya2029 - let me know if this is not enough. Mind that you need to find the best choice and C is best of the lot.
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Re: Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2018, 05:05
aragonn wrote:

Official Explanation:

Concepts tested: Comparisons

A - Compares ET (even toed) ungulates to plant cellulose.
B - Compares OT (odd toed) ungulates to stomach chambers.
C – Compares animals to animals and hence right.
D - Compares ETungulates to plant cellulose.
E - Compares plant cellulose with ETungulates.

satya2029 - let me know if this is not enough. Mind that you need to find the best choice and C is best of the lot.

yes. I agreed. Comparison is best presented by choice C only. My point was can we allow this kind of sentence structure in which two independent clauses are not connected properly. If I were facing this situation in the real GMAT, I would have gone for C.
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Re: Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2018, 05:36
What do you mean by not properly connected? there is 'and' in between, parallelism is followed for both clauses.
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Re: Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2018, 06:06
aragonn wrote:
What do you mean by not properly connected? there is 'and' in between, parallelism is followed for both clauses.

Both are independent clauses. To join two IDC we need either comma+FANBOYS or ;(semicolon). Comma before 'and' is required here.

Odd-toed ungulates are relatively large grazers and, unlike the ruminant even-toed ungulates that digest food in their stomach chambers, they digest plant cellulose in their intestines.

If we remove the entity which is encapsulated between commas, Sentence will still make sense.

"Odd-toed ungulates are relatively large grazers and they digest plant cellulose in their intestines." This construction is not correct. There should be comma before "and"
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Re: Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2018, 06:50
yes comma before 'and' is needed, usually such mistakes are not raised in GMAT, but yes it is good to know.
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Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood

Re: Ruminant even-toed ungulates digest food in their stomach chambers   [#permalink] 11 Oct 2018, 06:50
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