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SC - Poverty

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SC - Poverty [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2008, 18:43
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A
B
C
D
E

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Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton. They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong.

The argument above is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?

(A) It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.
(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.
(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.

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Re: SC - Poverty [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2008, 01:08
E.

Conclusion: "At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong"

Choice E makes clear that Standard deviation of income in country K may be significantly less than that in country B. What if the remaining portion of popultation in B is all billionaire. If so, then 2 claims of demographers still hold.

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Re: SC - Poverty [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2008, 09:08
Richardson wrote:
Let's solve this...

Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton. They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong.

The argument above is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?

(A) It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.
(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.
(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.


Wow ! this is a tough one !

can someone explain why other options are wrong ??

thanks
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Re: SC - Poverty [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2008, 09:35
Richardson wrote:
Let's solve this...

Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton. They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong.

The argument above is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?

(A) It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.
(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.
(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.


A) -> Does offer other evidence about poverty so not correct
B) -> The term is same for both countries so not correct
C) -> Talkin about average per capita income so percentage do matter. Not correct
D) -> Wealth is out of scope.
E) -> Correct. If this is true then Kuptala has incomes closer to average whereas Bahlton has varied income which can account for extreme poverty.

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Re: SC - Poverty [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2008, 10:46
amitdgr wrote:
Richardson wrote:
Let's solve this...

Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton. They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong.

The argument above is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?

(A) It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.
(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.
(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.


Wow ! this is a tough one !

can someone explain why other options are wrong ??

thanks


Avg per capita income = Total income of all people in country / Number of people

ACI (K) < ACI (B)

But

P (K) < P (B)

How can this happen? This can happen if

There are NOT many rich and many poor people in K and most of them are avg Joe Bloggs who are with in a strike of ACI

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Re: SC - Poverty [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2008, 11:05
Richardson wrote:
Let's solve this...

Demographers doing research for an international economics newsletter claim that the average per capita income in the country of Kuptala is substantially lower than that in the country of Bahlton. They also claim, however, that whereas poverty is relatively rare in Kuptala, over half the population of Bahlton lives in extreme poverty. At least one of the demographers’ claims must, therefore, be wrong.

The argument above is most vulnerable to which of the following criticisms?

(A) It rejects an empirical claim about the average per capita incomes in the two countries without making any attempt to discredit that claim by offering additional economic evidence.
(B) It treats the vague term “poverty” as though it had a precise and universally accepted meaning.
(C) It overlooks the possibility that the number of people in the two countries who live in poverty could be the same even though the percentages of the two populations that live in poverty differ markedly.
(D) It fails to show that wealth and poverty have the same social significance in Kuptala as in Bahlton.
(E) It does not consider the possibility that incomes in Kuptala, unlike those in Bahlton, might all be very close to the country’s average per capita income.



E is good -> if the wealth were unevenly distributed in kuptala then inspite of lower average per capita income ,number of people below poverty line is lower
C -> is close but actually argument is not bothered about number of people since it takes this parameter in saying average per capita income -> out

Good question
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Re: SC - Poverty [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2008, 12:11
icandy wrote:
Avg per capita income = Total income of all people in country / Number of people

ACI (K) < ACI (B)

But

P (K) < P (B)

How can this happen? This can happen if

There are NOT many rich and many poor people in K and most of them are avg Joe Bloggs who are with in a strike of ACI


Thanks for the explanation :)
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Kudos [?]: 704 [0], given: 1

Re: SC - Poverty   [#permalink] 20 Sep 2008, 12:11
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