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Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals

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Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals, including what they consumed, when, and in the company of how many people. It was found that at meals with which they drank alcoholic beverages, they consumed about 175 calories more from nonalcoholic source than they did at meals with which they did not drink alcoholic beverages.

Each of the following, if true, contributes to an explanation of the difference in caloric intake EXCEPT:

(A) Diners spent a much longer time at meals served with alcohol than they did at those serve without alcohol.

(B) The meals eaten later in the day tended to be larger than those eaten earlier in the day, and later meals were more likely to include alcohol.

(C) People eat more when there are more people present at the meal, and more people tended to be present at meal served with alcohol than at meals served without alcohol.

(D) The meals that were most carefully prepared and most attractively served tended to be those at which alcoholic beverages were consumed.

(E) At meals that included alcohol, relatively more of the total calories consumed came from carbohydrates and relatively fewer of them came from fats and proteins.

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2009, 00:07
gurpreet07 wrote:
Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals, including what they consumed, when, and in the company of how many people. It was found that at meals with which they drank alcoholic beverages, they consumed about 175 calories more from nonalcoholic source than they did at meals with which they did not drink alcoholic beverages.

Each of the following, if true, contributes to an explanation of the difference in caloric intake EXCEPT:
(A) Diners spent a much longer time at meals served with alcohol than they did at those serve without alcohol. More time spent - likely more food (calories) consumed
(B) The meals eaten later in the day tended to be larger than those eaten earlier in the day, and later meals were more likely to include alcohol. straight link. meals with alcohol tend to be larger - more calories
(C) People eat more when there are more people present at the meal, and more people tended to be present at meal served with alcohol than at meals served without alcohol.straight link. with alcohol eat more
(D) The meals that were most carefully prepared and most attractively served tended to be those at which alcoholic beverages were consumed.attractively served - more likely to eat more.
(E) At meals that included alcohol, relatively more of the total calories consumed came from carbohydrates and relatively fewer of them came from fats and proteins.irrelevant. Doesn't matter from what exactely calories come. This is an answer
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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2009, 00:08
(A) Diners spent a much longer time at meals served with alcohol than they did at those serve without alcohol.
This indirectly supports the explanation.
(B) The meals eaten later in the day tended to be larger than those eaten earlier in the day, and later meals were more likely to include alcohol.- This directly supports the explanation.
(C) People eat more when there are more people present at the meal, and more people tended to be present at meal served with alcohol than at meals served without alcohol.-.- This directly supports the explanation.
(D) The meals that were most carefully prepared and most attractively served tended to be those at which alcoholic beverages were consumed.This indirectly supports the explanation.
(E) At meals that included alcohol, relatively more of the total calories consumed came from carbohydrates and relatively fewer of them came from fats and proteins.- This is no way related , because the concern over here is the difference in calorie intake and not the source of calorie, and this also does not say that the above is not true for food served without alcohol
So I believe the OA is E.
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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2009, 00:18
yes the OA is E...
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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2009, 00:50
gurpreet07 wrote:
Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals, including what they consumed, when, and in the company of how many people. It was found that at meals with which they drank alcoholic beverages, they consumed about 175 calories more from nonalcoholic source than they did at meals with which they did not drink alcoholic beverages.

Each of the following, if true, contributes to an explanation of the difference in caloric intake EXCEPT:
(A) Diners spent a much longer time at meals served with alcohol than they did at those serve without alcohol.
(B) The meals eaten later in the day tended to be larger than those eaten earlier in the day, and later meals were more likely to include alcohol.
(C) People eat more when there are more people present at the meal, and more people tended to be present at meal served with alcohol than at meals served without alcohol.
(D) The meals that were most carefully prepared and most attractively served tended to be those at which alcoholic beverages were consumed.
(E) At meals that included alcohol, relatively more of the total calories consumed came from carbohydrates and relatively fewer of them came from fats and proteins.


E for sure:
it would be an over assumption to say that food from carbs are "more caloric" than food from fats and proteins
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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2009, 10:29
E. Doesn't matter where the calories came from.
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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2013, 04:00
gurpreet07 wrote:
Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals, including what they consumed, when, and in the company of how many people. It was found that at meals with which they drank alcoholic beverages, they consumed about 175 calories more from nonalcoholic source than they did at meals with which they did not drink alcoholic beverages.

Each of the following, if true, contributes to an explanation of the difference in caloric intake EXCEPT:
(A) Diners spent a much longer time at meals served with alcohol than they did at those serve without alcohol.
(B) The meals eaten later in the day tended to be larger than those eaten earlier in the day, and later meals were more likely to include alcohol.
(C) People eat more when there are more people present at the meal, and more people tended to be present at meal served with alcohol than at meals served without alcohol.
(D) The meals that were most carefully prepared and most attractively served tended to be those at which alcoholic beverages were consumed.
(E) At meals that included alcohol, relatively more of the total calories consumed came from carbohydrates and relatively fewer of them came from fats and proteins.


Answer – E

60 adult make diary for gathering data on their alcohol and calories consumption habits
Outcome-
Calories from Non-Alcoholic source (in Meals with Alcohol)
= Approx 175 calories more than (calories from Non-Alcoholic source in meals (No-Alcohol))

Best choice that does not explains some role/ relationship of alcohol in the meal for increasing the calories
Process of Elimination-
A) Long Relationship stated, Meals with alcohol - extra time eating, and so tend to consume more calories.
B) Relationship stated between larger meals (higher calorie intake) later in the day and alcohol
C) States a relationship between alcohol and calorie intake at Gathering of more ppl.. people eat more when there are a lot of them eating together,
D) States a relationship between alcohol and claries intake for the meals - most carefully prepared and most attractively served
E) No relationship between alcohol and claries intake. Bit ambiguous as the calorie in a food item would be the same whether or not consumed with alcohol. Also does present a difference between the two types of meals
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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2013, 07:26
rakeshd347 wrote:
gurpreet07 wrote:
Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals, including what they consumed, when, and in the company of how many people. It was found that at meals with which they drank alcoholic beverages, they consumed about 175 calories more from nonalcoholic source than they did at meals with which they did not drink alcoholic beverages.

Each of the following, if true, contributes to an explanation of the difference in caloric intake EXCEPT:
(A) Diners spent a much longer time at meals served with alcohol than they did at those serve without alcohol.
(B) The meals eaten later in the day tended to be larger than those eaten earlier in the day, and later meals were more likely to include alcohol.
(C) People eat more when there are more people present at the meal, and more people tended to be present at meal served with alcohol than at meals served without alcohol.
(D) The meals that were most carefully prepared and most attractively served tended to be those at which alcoholic beverages were consumed.
(E) At meals that included alcohol, relatively more of the total calories consumed came from carbohydrates and relatively fewer of them came from fats and proteins.


E is the correct answer here.
Between B and E, I will go for E. E nowhere supports the argument. E tells us where the calories are coming from but never give us the reason why are more calories being consumed by the group.


Indeed this one must be E, but the main reason people might not pick it is because they think "well I know that carbohydrates provide calories so this is true wheras A or D or whatever might not be true". Beware conflating what is true with what is relevant to the question. All of these answer choices come with the questions stem: "which of the following, if true..."

If all are assumed to be true, then only E would not explain a difference in calorific intake.

Hope this helps!
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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2013, 09:40
Stuck between B and E..E is totally irrelevant...will go with E....

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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals, including what they consumed, when, and in the company of how many people. It was found that at meals with which they drank alcoholic beverages, they consumed about 175 calories more from non-alcoholic source than they did at meals with which they did not drink alcoholic beverages.

Each of the following, if true, contributes to an explanation of the difference in caloric intake EXCEPT:

(A) Diners spent a much longer time at meals served with alcohol than they did at those serve without alcohol.

(B) The meals eaten later in the day tended to be larger than those eaten earlier in the day, and later meals were more likely to include alcohol.

(C) People eat more when there are more people present at the meal, and more people tended to be present at meal served with alcohol than at meals served without alcohol.

(D) The meals that were most carefully prepared and most attractively served tended to be those at which alcoholic beverages were consumed

(E) At meals that included alcohol, relatively more of the total calories consumed came from carbohydrates and relatively fewer of them came from fats and proteins.
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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals, including what they consumed, when, and in the company of how many people. It was found that at meals with which they drank alcoholic beverages, they consumed about 175 calories more from non-alcoholic source than they did at meals with which they did not drink alcoholic beverages.

(E) At meals that included alcohol, relatively more of the total calories consumed came from carbohydrates and relatively fewer of them came from fats and proteins.
>> Only this option doesn't mention abt the calories from non-alcoholic meal. It just mentions calories coming from different sources in a particular meal type, meal with alcoholic beverages.
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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2016, 08:32
A,B and C can be easily eliminated. But what about D? Do we assume that carefully prepared and well served mean "more calories"? I think that both D and E can be conteders here
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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2016, 08:44
Konstantin1983 wrote:
A,B and C can be easily eliminated. But what about D? Do we assume that carefully prepared and well served mean "more calories"? I think that both D and E can be conteders here


Hi,
D still gives us a reason WHY food intake was more with alcoholic beverages..

since the food served with drinks tends to be more carefully planned and better served, it is likely that the individuals eat more looking at the preparation and services, this in turn means more calories through more intake..
so still a better choice than E
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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2016, 10:03
chetan2u wrote:
Konstantin1983 wrote:
A,B and C can be easily eliminated. But what about D? Do we assume that carefully prepared and well served mean "more calories"? I think that both D and E can be conteders here


Hi,
D still gives us a reason WHY food intake was more with alcoholic beverages..

since the food served with drinks tends to be more carefully planned and better served, it is likely that the individuals eat more looking at the preparation and services, this in turn means more calories through more intake..
so still a better choice than E

Hi, yes i agree but in D we have to make assumption that better serving and planning lead to more calories. Otherwise argument collapses
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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2016, 10:34
Non second thought with (E), it comes straightaway after reading the options....


Here's why -

(A) Spending much longer time at meals served with alcohol ( which itself contains high calorie ) , might include food containing high calorie foods , which the diners take while having their drinks served / during course of dinner.

(B) Larger meal with alcohol ( which itself contains high calorie ) can contribute to excess calorie consumption.

(C) Alcohol itself contains high calorie and it may contribute the the additional calorie intake..

(D) Alcohol beverages consumed ( which itself contains high calorie ) , so this may contribute to high calorie intake.

(E) High Calorie Intake : Carbohydrates > Fats and proteins.

Does (E) explain any difference ? No not at all, it simply mentions that Calorific value remains the same , but the contribution of Carbohydrates towards the total Calorie consumption is more...


Hence will simply go for (E) :lol:

PS : Key point I considered here is Alcohol itself (may) contain high calorific value...
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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2017, 06:35
In solving Paradox questions, we need find answer to why or how that happened.

Answer E just cites the sources of the total calories. It does help in explaining why people consumed more clarions while drinking alcohol.
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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jan 2017, 07:05
Option E it is.

Here is how I approached the question:

The question says that people gain greater calories from food they eat along with alcohol than along with non alcoholic drinks. There are two scenarios here :

Scenario 1 : Food with alcohol ---> y calories consumed
Scenario 2 : Food with non-alcohol ---> x calories consumed

As per question y>x. Now each of the options contributes to the reason behind this difference except one.

Option E --> Calorie from carbs > Calorie from fats Does this help us explain the reason behind the difference ? No. Hence the answer is option E.
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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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New post 13 Mar 2017, 17:49
Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals,
including what they consumed, when, and in the
company of how many people. It was found that at
meals with which they drank alcoholic beverages,
they consumed about 175 calories more from
nonalcoholic sources than they did at meals with
which they did not drink alcoholic beverages.
Each of the following, if true, contributes to an
explanation of the difference in caloric intake
EXCEPT:
(A) Diners spent a much longer time at meals
served with alcohol than they did at those
served without alcohol.
(B) The meals eaten later in the day tended to be
larger than those eaten earlier in the day, and
later meals were more likely to include
alcohol.
(C) People eat more when there are more people
present at the meal, and more people tended
to be present at meals served with alcohol
than at meals served without alcohol.
(D) The meals that were most carefully prepared
and most attractively served tended to be
those at which alcoholic beverages were
consumed.
(E) At meals that included alcohol, relatively more
of the total calories consumed came from
carbohydrates and relatively fewer of them
came from fats and proteins.
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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2017, 00:45
Please avoid posting questions that have already been posted.

https://gmatclub.com/forum/sixty-adults ... fl=similar


nahid78 wrote:
Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals,
including what they consumed, when, and in the
company of how many people. It was found that at
meals with which they drank alcoholic beverages,
they consumed about 175 calories more from
nonalcoholic sources than they did at meals with
which they did not drink alcoholic beverages.
Each of the following, if true, contributes to an
explanation of the difference in caloric intake
EXCEPT:
(A) Diners spent a much longer time at meals
served with alcohol than they did at those
served without alcohol.
(B) The meals eaten later in the day tended to be
larger than those eaten earlier in the day, and
later meals were more likely to include
alcohol.
(C) People eat more when there are more people
present at the meal, and more people tended
to be present at meals served with alcohol
than at meals served without alcohol.
(D) The meals that were most carefully prepared
and most attractively served tended to be
those at which alcoholic beverages were
consumed.
(E) At meals that included alcohol, relatively more
of the total calories consumed came from
carbohydrates and relatively fewer of them
came from fats and proteins.

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Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2017, 10:23
Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals,
including what they consumed, when, and in the
company of how many people. It was found that at
meals with which they drank alcoholic beverages,
they consumed about 175 calories more from
nonalcoholic sources than they did at meals with
which they did not drink alcoholic beverages.
Each of the following, if true, contributes to an
explanation of the difference in caloric intake
EXCEPT:
(A) Diners spent a much longer time at meals
served with alcohol than they did at those
served without alcohol.
(B) The meals eaten later in the day tended to be
larger than those eaten earlier in the day, and
later meals were more likely to include
alcohol.
(C) People eat more when there are more people
present at the meal, and more people tended
to be present at meals served with alcohol
than at meals served without alcohol.
(D) The meals that were most carefully prepared
and most attractively served tended to be
those at which alcoholic beverages were
consumed.
(E) At meals that included alcohol, relatively more
of the total calories consumed came from
carbohydrates and relatively fewer of them
came from fats and proteins.


Hi Dear,

First of all kindly invest little more time in formating the question before submitting as it would be convinient for other users to read.

Option A,B,C and D are all explaining why people eat more during the meals when alcohol is serverd. while optin E provides facts about carbs,fats and protien ,which are out of scope.

Option E is correct for Exception question.
Re: Sixty adults were asked to keep a diary of their meals   [#permalink] 15 Mar 2017, 10:23

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