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Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that

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Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 07:33
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Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that will promote the economic well-being of lower-income citizens, as it is intended to be, rather as a step that will increase unemployment and have the opposite of its intended effect.

A. rather as a step that will increase unemployment

B. yet as a step that will increase unemployment

C. but step that will increase unemployment

D. but as a step that will increase unemployment

E. but also as a step that may increase unemployment

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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 08:26
1
This question tests the usage of the idiom not ... but..
The correct answer is option D, which used the correct construction for this idiom by appropriately starting with but.

Option A is incorrect because it starts with rather instead of but.
B is also incorrect because it starts with yet instead of but.
C is incorrect because it fails to maintain parallelism with “not as a” ... in the earlier construct of the sentence. It should have started as “but as a ...”.
E is also wrong because “but as a...” is required. It would have been appropriate for the idiom “not only ... but also...”.

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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 08:33
Parallelism & idiom not as a... But as a.. (D)

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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 08:37
IMO D,

Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that will promote the economic well-being of lower-income citizens, as it is intended to be, rather as a step that will increase unemployment and have the opposite of its intended effect.

Idiom tested : Not as A , But as B

Main point to understand here is that the phrase , as it is intended to be, is a modifier phrase withing comma pair and can be removed without impacting the meaning of the sentence.

Now the sentence becomes

Skeptics consider blah blah not as a blah blah rather as a blah blah and blah blah
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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 08:46
Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that will promote the economic well-being of lower-income citizens, as it is intended to be, rather as a step that will increase unemployment and have the opposite of its intended effect.

The best way to answer this question is understand the meaning of the sentence. The underlined part tests idioms- NOT as a X but as a Y. After skimming through the options, immediately cancel out option A and B. Okay let's analyze the options

A. rather as a step that will increase unemployment Rather means 'quite' and is used to give emphasis to an adjective or adverb. Let's not go deeply into the meaning. Idioms don't match, that's all.

B. yet as a step that will increase unemployment We don’t use 'yet' to refer to something that has happened plus idioms don't match.

C. but step that will increase unemployment Idioms ain't parallel.

D. but as a step that will increase unemployment. Perfect! and the sentence also maintains the meaning!

E. but also as a step that may increase unemployment. attractive contender. The sentence would have been correct if the idiom was NOT ONLY X.. but ALSO Y
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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 08:58
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Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that will promote the economic well-being of lower-income citizens, as it is intended to be, rather as a step that will increase unemployment and have the opposite of its intended effect.

A. rather as a step that will increase unemployment (Incorrect Idiom - Not X rather Y)

B. yet as a step that will increase unemployment (Incorrect Idiom - Not X yet Y)

C. but step that will increase unemployment (Idiom is okay i.e. Not X, But Y - but X and Y are not parallel)

D. but as a step that will increase unemployment (Correct - Idiom is okay i.e. Not X, But Y - also, X and Y are parallel)

E. but also as a step that may increase unemployment (Idiom is okay i.e. Not X, But Y - but X and Y are not parallel)
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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 09:05
Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that will promote the economic well-being of lower-income citizens, as it is intended to be, rather as a step that will increase unemployment and have the opposite of its intended effect.

A. rather as a step that will increase unemployment
Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that will promote ..... rather as a step that will increase... .is correct.

B. yet as a step that will increase unemployment
not as a step ... yet as a step is incorrect

C. but step that will increase unemployment
not as a step ... but step is not parallel and is incorrect

D. but as a step that will increase unemployment
not as a measure that will promote ..... but as a step that will increase... .is incorrect. rather is preferable than but in A

E. but also as a step that may increase unemployment
not as a measure that will promote ..... but also as a step that will increase... .is incorrect.

IMO A
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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 09:29
Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that will promote the economic well-being of lower-income citizens, as it is intended to be, rather as a step that will increase unemployment and have the opposite of its intended effect.

A. rather as a step that will increase unemployment (idiom not x but y is correct one .. hence wrong )

B. yet as a step that will increase unemployment(idiom not x but y is correct one .. hence wrong )

C. but step that will increase unemployment(idiom is corrected but parallelism between x and y turned wrong not as a should be parallel to but as a.. hence wrong )

D. but as a step that will increase unemployment ( idiom corrected and the parallelism also corrected. Hence correct choice )

E. but also as a step that may increase unemployment (idiom not x but y is correct one .. hence wrong )
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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 10:14
Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that will promote the economic well-beingof lower-income citizens, as it is intended to be, rather as a step that will increase unemployment and have the opposite of its intended effect

Usually, POE is the best way forward, but in simpler sentences, the errors jump out and selection is much quicker.
Let's take this sentence. Whenever i see NOT in a sentence i immediately start looking for a but. Here i couldn't find one, so that was my 1st que. Moving on, if you remove the clutter, you can clearly see the demand for parallelism NOT AS.....BUT AS...
Choosing between But and But also can be done by either keeping the meaning in mind or knowing but also requires "Not only". Tbh I'd go with the meaning-based approach as it works 100% of the time as opposed to idiom based which might have some exceptions based on usage.
IMO [D]
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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 10:19
IMO correct answer is D

Correct Idiomatic usage is not as X but as Y

Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that will promote the economic well-being of lower-income citizens, as it is intended to be, rather as a step that will increase unemployment and have the opposite of its intended effect.

A. rather as a step that will increase unemployment - Incorrect idiomatic usage

B. yet as a step that will increase unemployment - Incorrect idiomatic usage

C. but step that will increase unemployment - Incorrect idiomatic usage; Missing parallelism

D. but as a step that will increase unemployment - Correct

E. but also as a step that may increase unemployment - Incorrect idiomatic usage
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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 10:36
Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that will promote the economic well-being of lower-income citizens, as it is intended to be, rather as a step that will increase unemployment and have the opposite of its intended effect.

The sentence tests parallelism so non-underlined structure must be reflected in underlined portion i.e. ‘that will’ should be there. Based on this ‘E’ can be eliminated. Meaning of sentence is that it says “Skeptics consider .. something .. ‘not’ as … ‘…..’ as …”. Since ‘not’ is used ‘rather’ can’t be used but ‘but’ should be used to complete the one meaning of the sentence.

A. rather as a step that will increase unemployment – WRONG. As discussed above.

B. yet as a step that will increase unemployment – WRONG. Distorts the meaning.

C. but step that will increase unemployment – WRONG. ‘As’ is missing thus this one does not compares.

D. but as a step that will increase unemployment – CORRECT.

E. but also as a step that may increase unemployment – WRONG. ‘Also’ is wrongly used and ‘may’ is not parallel.

IMO Answer (D).
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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 11:04
Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that will promote the economic well-being of lower-income citizens, as it is intended to be, rather as a step that will increase unemployment and have the opposite of its intended effect.

A. rather as a step that will increase unemployment
-- Not as in the sentence is not parallel with rather as. Not idiomatic. Hence Eliminate A

B. yet as a step that will increase unemployment
---Though " yet " shows contrast it is unidiomatic. Correct idiom is Not as.. But as. Also it does not convey meaning of the sentence clearly. Hence we eliminate B

C. but step that will increase unemployment
-- To make sentence parallel , but needs to be followed by "as" . " Not" is followed by "as" . Parallelism is not there so we eliminate C

D. but as a step that will increase unemployment
--Correct , as it maintains Parallel structure of the sentence. Not as X but as Y

E. but also as a step that may increase unemployment
-- But also as.. changes the meaning of the sentence and is unidiomatic. Hence Eliminate E


And Choice D
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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 11:15
Meaning:-
Skeptics think that the increase in wage is not a measure of economic well being of the lower income citizens but this will increase unemployment and have opposite effect.


Skeptics(S) consider(v) the increase in minimum wage not as a measure(s) that will(v) promote the economic well-being of lower-income citizens, as it is intended to be, rather as a step that will increase unemployment and (will) have the opposite of its intended effect.

i)All the subject verbs agree in number and there is no tense error.
ii) The use of idiom not as X rather as Y is incorrect, the correct idiom is not X but Y

A. rather as a step that will increase unemployment - incorrect for the above reasons

B. yet as a step that will increase unemployment - incorrect idiom

C. but step that will increase unemployment - "not as a measure" .... is not parallel to "but step"

D. but as a step that will increase unemployment - correct. The correct idiom is used.

E. but also as a step that may increase unemployment - use of may changes the intended meaning of the sentence.
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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 12:00
tested idiom is not X but Y
only C,D,E follow this, but there are other errors in C and E
C. but step that will increase unemployment : correct form is Not as a ...

D. but as a step that will increase unemployment

E. but also as a step that may increase unemployment : we need only but, not but also...

Option D is correct :
IMO : D
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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 13:06
Quote:
Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that will promote the economic well-being of lower-income citizens, as it is intended to be, rather as a step that will increase unemployment and have the opposite of its intended effect.

A. rather as a step that will increase unemployment
B. yet as a step that will increase unemployment
C. but step that will increase unemployment
D. but as a step that will increase unemployment
E. but also as a step that may increase unemployment


meaning: some consider the increase not as X, but as Y (we need to maintain parallelism);

Answer (D).
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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Aug 2019, 20:26
not as... but as.
Perfectly parallel.
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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2019, 01:45
D.
Goes on to show the parallelism of Not....But.

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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2019, 06:37
Quote:
Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that will promote the economic well-being of lower-income citizens, as it is intended to be, rather as a step that will increase unemployment and have the opposite of its intended effect.

A. rather as a step that will increase unemployment

B. yet as a step that will increase unemployment

C. but step that will increase unemployment

D. but as a step that will increase unemployment

E. but also as a step that may increase unemployment


Official Explanation:



Creating a filter: We read the prompt. Something appears to be missing: our trained ears want to hear not only "rather," but rather "but rather." When the word "rather" is preceded in a sentence by "not," the phrase should be "but rather," and "not [only]...but rather..." is a two-part construction requiring parallelism. We can hear this more easily by omitting the dependent clause that starts with "that will promote...," since dependent clauses can be omitted from a sentence without impacting the grammatical of the main, independent clause. "Skeptics view the increase not as a measure that will blah blah, but rather as a step blah blah." That sounds better. We look for "but rather" in the answer choices.

Applying the filter: We don't find "but rather," but answer choice (D) solves the problem by introducing the key missing word "but," to communicate the contrast that the imaginary author of this sentence intends to convey.

Choices (C) and (E) have the word "but" but in nonsensical phrases. In choice (B), also, the word "yet" is not a proper word to convey the intended function of "but," which is to establish the proper way that the minimum wage should be viewed according to the sentence. The correct answer is (D).

Many sentence correction questions rely on knowledge of idiom; in other words, no amount of logic will help you solve them if you aren't familiar with the phrases involved. Complicating the matter is the fact that the test makers don't publish or cite any kind of list of idioms that you must know for the test. Given that, the best way to strengthen your knowledge of idioms is to go through realistic practice questions and take note of the idioms as you go. All of the practice questions in this free course are modeled after official questions released by the test maker and hence provide as good a basis of the idiomatic English knowledge you'll need for the GMAT.

Again, the correct answer is (D).
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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2019, 07:48
Correct answer: D (not as X but as Y is the correct idiomatic usage).

A would have been correct had there been a "but" before "rather".
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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2019, 10:14
Bunuel VeritasKarishma GMATNinja
I have a doubt about this sentence construction.. Ideally, Shouldn't it be consider X not Y but Z instead of provided consider X not as Y but as Z??
I remember studying the idiom as consider X Y

Bunuel wrote:

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Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that will promote the economic well-being of lower-income citizens, as it is intended to be, rather as a step that will increase unemployment and have the opposite of its intended effect.

A. rather as a step that will increase unemployment

B. yet as a step that will increase unemployment

C. but step that will increase unemployment

D. but as a step that will increase unemployment

E. but also as a step that may increase unemployment


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Re: Skeptics consider the increase in minimum wage not as a measure that   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2019, 10:14

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