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Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was making the case for women’s equality

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Re: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was making the case for women’s equality  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 05:15
Gnpth wrote:
Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was making the case for women’s equality long before the cause had a name: Born in the mid-seventeenth century in San Miguel Nepantla, Mexico, the convent was the perfect environment for Sor Juana to pursue intellectual pursuits, achieving renown as a mathematician, poet, philosopher, and playwright.

A. the convent was the perfect environment for Sor Juana to pursue intellectual pursuits, achieving
B. Sor Juana found that the convent provided the perfect environment for intellectual pursuits, and she went on to achieve
C. the convent provided the perfect environment for intellectual pursuits for Sor Juana; going on to achieve
D. Sor Juana found that the convent provided the perfect environment for intellectual pursuits; achieving
E. the convent was, Sor Juana found, the perfect environment for intellectual pursuits, and she went on to achieve



B. Sor Juana found that the convent provided the perfect environment for intellectual pursuits, and she went on to achieve

in the original copy (Verbal Review 2017) "that" is missing. I got confused as I know the idiom is "find that". I understand that is still the best option here, unlike other cases in which the second best option is just a little more wordy. Could anyone explain if "found convent provided"is ok? For me if there is no "that" in this sentence, provided should be followed by "with" and another noun or the provided should be changed to another one.
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Re: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was making the case for women’s equality  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 05:55
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daffonso wrote

Quote:
B. Sor Juana found that the convent provided the perfect environment for intellectual pursuits, and she went on to achieve

in the original copy (Verbal Review 2017) "that" is missing. I got confused as I know the idiom is "find that". I understand that is still the best option here, unlike other cases in which the second best option is just a little more wordy. Could anyone explain if "found convent provided"is ok? For me, if there is no "that" in this sentence, provided should be followed by "with" and another noun or the provided should be changed to another one.

If a noun or pronoun is found after the relative pronoun word 'that', then one can safely omit the relative pronoun (including who, and which)

The plant that I grow has not been watered for a week -- correct
The plant I grow has not been watered for a week -- correct

On the other hand, if a verb follows the relative pronoun 'that', then one cannot drop the 'that'

The plant that hasn't been watered for a week is going to die -- correct
The plant hasn't been watered for a week is going to die -- incorrect due to double verbing

Of course, we know we can omit both the relative pronoun and the verb, if a participle, either a present participle (verb+ing) or a past participle (verb+ed or verb+en or some other irregular past participle) is used.

E.g: The plant that is not watered for a week is going to die. -- correct
The plant not watered for a week is going to die. -- correct
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Re: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was making the case for women’s equality  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2018, 03:44
Many thanks for the instructions. I was stuck between B and D.

As some of you explain that D is wrong as it leaves a sentence fragment at the last sentence after the semicolon.

Does the portion after the semicolon have to only modify "found" in "Sor Juana found that the convent provided the perfect environment for intellectual pursuits", the previous sentence right before the semicolon?

See an example in which the part after the semicolon is incomplete:

Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest ecosystem, aiding in the dispersal of cashew, date, and fig seeds; pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly help produce tequila by pollinating agave plants.

(a) pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly help produce
(b) pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly helping to produce
(c) pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and they indirectly help to produce
(d) they pollinate banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly help producing
(e) they pollinate banana, breadfruit, and mango trees: indirectly helping the producing of

OG2018 SC#692 OA is B...

Or it can skip to modify " making" in "Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was making the case for women’s equality long before the cause had a name"?

I can omit the portion after the Colon to "Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was making the case for women’s equality long before the cause had a name, achieving renown as a mathematician, poet, philosopher, and playwright"?

Can this be achieved grammatically?

From the meaning of the sentence, I think it can not modify "make", since Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was making the case before the cause had a name, the following part after colon shows the details how she had made it before the cause has its name?

Because the modifier causes confusion, thus D is not the best answer and C prevails? Please help explain!
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Re: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was making the case for women’s equality  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Apr 2018, 06:08
Hello MisterD,

I will be glad to help you with this one. :-)


MisterD wrote:
As some of you explain that D is wrong as it leaves a sentence fragment at the last sentence after the semicolon.



This is correct. On GMAT SC a semicolon must be followed by an independent clause.


MisterD wrote:
Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest ecosystem, aiding in the dispersal of cashew, date, and fig seeds; pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly helping to produce tequila by pollinating agave plants.



I agree that in the above-mentioned officially correct sentence, semicolons are not followed by independent clauses. But there is a solid reason for the same.

The sentence above has lists inside the main list. The main lists comprises the three comma + verb-ing modifier

    aiding in the dispersal...
    pollinating... and
    indirectly helping to produce

Now, the first two parallel elements in this main list have list inside them:

Element 1: aiding in the dispersal of

    cashew,
    date, and
    fig seeds


Element 2: pollinating

    banana,
    breadfruit, and
    mango trees



Please note that commas separate the parallel elements in the "inside list" of the main list. Hence, semicolons have been used to separate the parallel elements in the main list to keep clear distinction between the parallel elements in the main lists and the parallel elements in the "inside list".


MisterD wrote:
Or it can skip to modify " making" in "Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was making the case for women’s equality long before the cause had a name"?

I can omit the portion after the Colon to "Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was making the case for women’s equality long before the cause had a name, achieving renown as a mathematician, poet, philosopher, and playwright"?

Can this be achieved grammatically?



This modification is not possible because as a rule, comma + verb-ing modifiers (action modifiers) cannot skip the preceding independent clause to refer to an action in another independent clause.

Form meaning standpoint also, this modification is not possible because there is no logical connection between the actions of making the case for women's equality and achieving renown as a mathematician, poet, philosopher, and playwright.


MisterD wrote:
From the meaning of the sentence, I think it can not modify "make", since Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was making the case before the cause had a name, the following part after colon shows the details how she had made it before the cause has its name?

Because the modifier causes confusion, thus D is not the best answer and C prevails? Please help explain!



The portion after the colon just provides the context as to how Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz could pursue these intellectual quests.

Now achieving in Choice D is NOT an action modifier because it is preceded by a semicolon and not by a comma. Hence, there is no question of any modification from this part of the sentence.

Choice B is the correct answer for this official problem.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was making the case for women’s equality  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2018, 05:43
Hello Shraddha

Many thanks for the detailed explanation. I have learnt a lot from the thread!
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Re: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was making the case for women’s equality  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2018, 08:00
The convent was not born in mexico but Sor Juana was born in Mexico.
Eliminate A,C and E.

We are left with B and D.

The usage of ';' and then the modifier is wrong because semicolon is ending the clause.
She did not find that the convent provided the perfect environment for intellectual pursuits while she was being renowned as a mathematician, poet, philosopher, and playwright.

As a result, eliminate D

Therefore the correct answer is B.
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New post 08 Oct 2018, 09:23
(A) the convent was the perfect environment for Sor Juana to pursue intellectual pursuits, achieving - incorrect (the convent was not born in mexico)

(B) Sor Juana found that the convent provided the perfect environment for intellectual pursuits, and she went on to achieve - correct

(C) the convent provided the perfect environment for intellectual pursuits for Sor Juana; going on to achieve - incorrect (the convent was not born in mexico)

(D) Sor Juana found that the convent provided the perfect environment for intellectual pursuits; achieving - incorrect (;)

(E) the convent was, Sor Juana found, the perfect environment for intellectual pursuits, and she went on to achieve - incorrect (the convent was not born in mexico)
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Re: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was making the case for women’s equality  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2018, 01:45
shonakshi wrote:
Y is option D wrong ...?
Can sum1 explain how achieving is different from aim to achieve in this ques?


choice D is incorrect because:

1. The second part of the answer choice is not an independent clause as is given in the answer choice.
2. If you dig deeper into the meaning of the sentence, the sentence wants to convey that the subject Sor Juana found the convent to be the perfect environment for intellectual pursuits and she went on to achieve certain pursuits. There should be parallelism.
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Re: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was making the case for women’s equality  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Oct 2018, 05:28
is there any error other than semicolon between (B) and (D)
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Re: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was making the case for women’s equality &nbs [#permalink] 21 Oct 2018, 05:28

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