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# The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct yet comple

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The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct yet comple  [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2017, 23:25
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62% (01:43) correct 38% (02:04) wrong based on 506 sessions

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The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct yet complementary. Each sense is thought to have its own range of stimuli that are incapable of stimulating the other senses. However, recent research has discovered that some people taste a banana and claim that they are tasting blue, or see a color and say that it has a specific smell. This shows that such people, called synesthesiacs, have senses that do not respect the usual boundaries between the five recognized senses.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Synesthesiacs demonstrate a general, systematic impairment in their ability to use and understand words.

(B) Recent evidence strongly suggests that there are other senses besides sight, touch, smell, hearing, and taste.

(C) The particular ways in which sensory experiences overlap in synesthesiacs follow a definite pattern.

(D) The synesthetic phenomenon has been described in the legends of various cultures.

(E) Synesthesiacs can be temporarily rid of their synesthetic experiences by the use of drugs.

_________________
Push yourself again and again. Don't give an inch until the final buzzer sounds. -Larry Bird
Success isn't something that just happens - success is learned, success is practiced and then it is shared. -Sparky Anderson
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Joined: 15 Jan 2017
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Re: The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct yet comple  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 11:14
I picked C, and when saw OA, did a doubletake. But probably this is a form of 'two layers' in reasoning?
My two cents:
The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct yet complementary. Each sense is thought to have its own range of stimuli that are incapable of stimulating the other senses. However, recent research has discovered that some people taste a banana and claim that they are tasting blue, or see a color and say that it has a specific smell. This shows that such people, called synesthesiacs, have senses that do not respect the usual boundaries between the five recognized senses.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Synesthesiacs demonstrate a general, systematic impairment in their ability to use and understand words. Would parallel or reflect in other abilities too - this shows that there is a cognition issue and not an overlap - thus they use INCORRECT words while describing phenomenon, leading to 'overlap of sense' conclusion
(B) Recent evidence strongly suggests that there are other senses besides sight, touch, smell, hearing, and taste.
(C) The particular ways in which sensory experiences overlap in synesthesiacs follow a definite pattern - felt that this went against the general 'overlap' of senses as observed.
(D) The synesthetic phenomenon has been described in the legends of various cultures.
(E) Synesthesiacs can be temporarily rid of their synesthetic experiences by the use of drugs

Really liked this one. Here's hoping I won't pick the bait again :D
Any comments on how to avoid these 'trap' conclusions? thank you!
Current Student
Joined: 23 Jun 2012
Posts: 355
Location: Pakistan
Concentration: Strategy, International Business
GPA: 3.76
Re: The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct yet comple  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 21:53
3
I picked C, and when saw OA, did a doubletake. But probably this is a form of 'two layers' in reasoning?
My two cents:
The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct yet complementary. Each sense is thought to have its own range of stimuli that are incapable of stimulating the other senses. However, recent research has discovered that some people taste a banana and claim that they are tasting blue, or see a color and say that it has a specific smell. This shows that such people, called synesthesiacs, have senses that do not respect the usual boundaries between the five recognized senses.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Synesthesiacs demonstrate a general, systematic impairment in their ability to use and understand words. Would parallel or reflect in other abilities too - this shows that there is a cognition issue and not an overlap - thus they use INCORRECT words while describing phenomenon, leading to 'overlap of sense' conclusion
(B) Recent evidence strongly suggests that there are other senses besides sight, touch, smell, hearing, and taste.
(C) The particular ways in which sensory experiences overlap in synesthesiacs follow a definite pattern - felt that this went against the general 'overlap' of senses as observed.
(D) The synesthetic phenomenon has been described in the legends of various cultures.
(E) Synesthesiacs can be temporarily rid of their synesthetic experiences by the use of drugs

Really liked this one. Here's hoping I won't pick the bait again :D
Any comments on how to avoid these 'trap' conclusions? thank you!

Madhavi D is out of scope...conclusion is that such people, with synethesiacs" do not respect the boundaries and thus capable of stimulating other senses....we want to prove that its wrong...these senses still respect the boundaries...D says that this phenomenon is described in he legends of various culture...in fact it strengthen that it exist and capable of simulating other senses
A says that those with synesthesiacs lost the ability to understand words...it means senses do not overlap...but its the person who lost he ability to understand words and thus he/she taste banana but forget who to spell banana...hope it helps
_________________
Push yourself again and again. Don't give an inch until the final buzzer sounds. -Larry Bird
Success isn't something that just happens - success is learned, success is practiced and then it is shared. -Sparky Anderson
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Current Student
Joined: 12 Dec 2011
Posts: 61
Location: United States (NY)
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V38
GPA: 3.17
WE: Other (Accounting)
Re: The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct yet comple  [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2018, 08:05
1

One of the assumptions is that those Synes can accurately describe the smell and color in words.

A clearly destroys such assumption, hence weakening the argument.
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GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V33
Re: The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct yet comple  [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2019, 12:11
GMATNinja please help - I picked C over A. Please explain why C is incorrect and why A is correct
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Re: The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct yet comple  [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2020, 20:40
AcetheGMAT2019 wrote:
GMATNinja please help - I picked C over A. Please explain why C is incorrect and why A is correct

May be I can try and explain here.
Quote:
(C) The particular ways in which sensory experiences overlap in synesthesiacs follow a definite pattern.

This option says that the way in which sensory experiences overlap has a definite pattern. According to this it is strengthening the fact that there is indeed an overlap in the senses. But we need to weaken that there is no such overlap.
Quote:
(A) Synesthesiacs demonstrate a general, systematic impairment in their ability to use and understand words.

This says that he lost only the ability to use and understand words. Now due to this inability they are expressing the taste of banana as blue color. So it is their inability to express or understand words and not necessarily the overlap of senses.

Official Power Score thread - https://forum.powerscore.com/lsat/viewtopic.php?t=3844

Hope it helps
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Posts: 91
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Re: The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct yet comple  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2020, 13:06
AcetheGMAT2019 wrote:
GMATNinja please help - I picked C over A. Please explain why C is incorrect and why A is correct

The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct yet complementary. Each sense is thought to have its own range of stimuli that are incapable of stimulating the other senses. However, recent research has discovered that some people taste a banana and claim that they are tasting blue, or see a color and say that it has a specific smell. This shows that such people, called synesthesiacs, have senses that do not respect the usual boundaries between the five recognized senses.

Which one of the following statements, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) Synesthesiacs demonstrate a general, systematic impairment in their ability to use and understand words.
(B) Recent evidence strongly suggests that there are other senses besides sight, touch, smell, hearing, and taste.
(C) The particular ways in which sensory experiences overlap in synesthesiacs follow a definite pattern.
(D) The synesthetic phenomenon has been described in the legends of various cultures.
(E) Synesthesiacs can be temporarily rid of their synesthetic experiences by the use of drugs.

A basically tells us that Synesthesiacs do not have senses that do not respect the usual boundaries between the five recognized senses but rather are just messing up the words as in Option A.

Option C tells us that there is an overlap, but an overlap still means that they have senses that do not respect the usual boundaries between the five recognized senses.

Re: The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct yet comple   [#permalink] 24 Apr 2020, 13:06

# The five senses have traditionally been viewed as distinct yet comple

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