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# The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the dollar value of f

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General Discussion
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OE #1 : The passage mainly discusses the limitation of the GDP

OE#2 : Answering 'Evaluation' question requires understanding how a particular part of the passage functions in the passage as a whole. The limitations of the GDP as described in the second sentence are then, in the rest of the passage, tied to problems in the United States.

OE#3 :The author implies that because the GDP ignores the economic utility of certain things,it is not a accurate indicator.

OE#4 :By characterizing the GDP as a calculating machine that cannot subtract, the passage helps illustrate why something like an oil spill is misrepresented by the GDP.

OE #5 : By indicating that the GDP ignores environmental and social factors, the passage implies that policies dependent on the GDP will also ignore these issues.

OE#6 : Author states that the GDP ignores the economic utility of things such as a clean environment and social cohesiveness (lines 13-16)
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Re: The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the dollar value of f [#permalink]
Can someone please explain why B is the correct answer for question 3?

Hi
since this is inference question , we can use POE and also infer from sentences quoted in passage "Thus, the GDP ignores the economic utility of such things as a clean environment and cohesive families and communities. "

3. It can be inferred that the author of the passage would agree with which of the following about the “economic significance” of those goods and services that are included in the GDP?
(A) It is a comprehensive indicator of a nation’s economic well-being.
in the whole passage author was trying to say opposite of this . Eliminate
(B) It is not accurately captured by the price of those goods and services.
Correct . See lines I mentioned
(C) It is usually less than the intrinsic value of those goods and services.
can't infer
(D) It is more difficult to calculate than the economic significance of those goods and services that are not included in the GDP.
question is about goods and services included in GDP . Out of scope
(E) It is calculated differently in capitalist countries than in non-capitalist countries.
in passage mentioned it as same in both type of countries
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Re: The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the dollar value of f [#permalink]
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https://www.theatlantic.com/past/docs/politics/ecbig/gdp.htm

https://altcoopsys.org/2017/12/30/the-atlantic-article-1995-if-gdp-is-up-why-is-america-down/

The Atlantic October 1995

If the GDP is Up, Why is America Down?

Why we need new measures of progress, why we do not have them, and how they would change the social and political landscape

by Clifford Cobb, Ted Halstead, and Jonathan Rowe

This yoking of national accounting to the lowest common denominator of price was to have large implications. It meant that every item of commerce was assumed to add to the national well-being merely by the fact—and to the extent—that it was produced and bought. At the same time, it meant that only transactions involving money could count in the national reckoning. This left out two large realms: the functions of family and community on the one hand, and the natural habitat on the other. Both are crucial to economic well-being. But because the services they perform are outside the price system, they have been invisible in our national accounting.

Long ago this omission was understandable. In Adam Smith's day the portion of life called "the market" occupied a very small part of physical and social space. The habitat seemed to have an infinite supply of resources, and an infinite capacity to absorb such wastes as the industry of the day might dump. The social structure seemed so firmly anchored in history that there was little thought that a growing market could set it adrift.

During this century, however, those assumptions have become increasingly untenable. It is not accidental that both the habitat and the social structure have suffered severe erosion in recent decades; these are precisely the realms that eighteenth- and nineteenth-century assumptions precluded from the reckoning of national well-being—in capitalist and socialist economies alike. This erosion has been mainly invisible in terms of economic policy because our index of progress ignores it; as a result, the nation's policies have made it worse. To understand how the national accounts became trapped in the assumptions of a bygone era, it is useful to study the era in which the current form of economic accounting was wrought.

By itself the GDP tells very little. Simply a measure of total output (the dollar value of finished goods and services), it assumes that everything produced is by definition "goods." It does not distinguish between costs and benefits, between productive and destructive activities, or between sustainable and unsustainable ones. The nation's central measure of well being works like a calculating machine that adds but cannot subtract. It treats everything that happens in the market as a gain for humanity, while ignoring everything that happens outside the realm of monetized exchange, regardless of the importance to well-being.
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Re: The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the dollar value of f [#permalink]
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This is a very straight forward passage. Took me 7 minutes and got all correct.

Another advantage in almost all of the questions, when we have eliminated 3 choices and left with 2 at the end , one of the choice will definitely have strong words , which makes it easier to eliminate those.
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Re: The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the dollar value of f [#permalink]
Time ~ 20 mins 5 out of 6 Correct

Action-item for exam: better time-management. Hope it will get better as I do more practice, and will report to the forum then.

Especially on Question 2: I think I made a mistake in choosing B because I overextend the scope of the second sentence. As in, yes, the second sentence contains the word " assumption ", and yes, it seemed like the second sentence is connected to the rest of the passage -- but answer D is better. Sentence two describes a major flaw about GDP. and that's it.
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Re: The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the dollar value of f [#permalink]
11 min .
4 out of 6 right.
Need to focus on the meaning of the Answer choices...
Q3. Ask what economic significance infer and not Gdp...i choose a but it is wrong.

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the dollar value of f [#permalink]
please explain for question 5 why option c is not correct
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Re: The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the dollar value of f [#permalink]
Quote:
2. Which of the following best describes the function of the second sentence of the passage in the context of the passage as a whole?

(A) It describes an assumption about the GDP that is defended in the course of the passage.

(B) It contributes to a discussion of the origins of the GDP.

(C) It clarifies a common misconception about the use of the GDP.

(D) It identifies a major flaw in the GDP.

(E) It suggests a revision to the method of calculating the GDP.

I think C would be a more appropriate answer because the Gross Domestic Product is, as the author indicates, a measure. It is not that the measure is flawed as choice D indicates. What is flawed is the apparently common approach to "sizing up" a country's economic welfare simply by referring to the GDP measure, which stems from a human approach to gauging a country's economic welfare. Therefore the common misconception of the use of the GDP is the crux of the matter.

One might argue that the sentence itself doesn't make a clarification, but the key is the last 9 words of the question itself: "...in the context of the passage as a whole." The author explained in the passage that the GDP measure is commonly and erroneously used as an indicator of economic welfare when people need to be aware that it is only a dollar value of the nation's product, thus discluding other environmental and social factors that should inherently be gauged elsewhere.

If the idea is to re-key the "Gross Domestic Product" to give it the ability to subtract, then it wouldn't be "gross." The idea should remain as re-focusing the human collective's attention from the GDP measure, to perhaps a new measure that is more all-encompassing. Suggesting to re-define the "Gross Domestic Product" to one that "nets" (as in gross/net) would defy the integrity of the English language!

Whether the author wanted to re-define the English language or not (as this passage seems to allow two ways of interpretation), shouldn't the GMAC prevent passages that have latitudinal meanings, and even if one "slips through the cracks," ensure that answers to both of those meanings aren't offered in the same question, as exemplified in Question 2? This passage seems to test out the test-takers who think in only one way (in this passage's case, the way of re-defining English words!).
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Re: The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the dollar value of f [#permalink]
Got 5/6 in 11 mins , got Q3 wrong . Need to improve time management.
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Re: The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the dollar value of f [#permalink]
Time : 7.48 minutes

All correct.

Good passage
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Re: The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the dollar value of f [#permalink]

Quote:
2. Which of the following best describes the function of the second sentence of the passage in the context of the passage as a whole?

(A) It describes an assumption about the GDP that is defended in the course of the passage.
(B) It contributes to a discussion of the origins of the GDP.
(C) It clarifies a common misconception about the use of the GDP.
(D) It identifies a major flaw in the GDP.
(E) It suggests a revision to the method of calculating the GDP.

Second sentence
The GDP assumes that the economic significance of goods and services lies solely in their price, and that these goods and services add to the national well-being, not because of any intrinsic value they may possess, but simply because they were produced and bought.

GDP assumes that price of goods and services is the only factor while estimating GDP.And thereafter in passage, the author highlights that certain non-monetary factors that are also important are being ignored while estimating GDP.

On the basis of above I think E should be the right choice. But answer is D. Can you help
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Re: The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the dollar value of f [#permalink]
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warrior1991

Quote:
2. Which of the following best describes the function of the second sentence of the passage in the context of the passage as a whole?

(A) It describes an assumption about the GDP that is defended in the course of the passage.
(B) It contributes to a discussion of the origins of the GDP.
(C) It clarifies a common misconception about the use of the GDP.
(D) It identifies a major flaw in the GDP.
(E) It suggests a revision to the method of calculating the GDP.

Second sentence
The GDP assumes that the economic significance of goods and services lies solely in their price, and that these goods and services add to the national well-being, not because of any intrinsic value they may possess, but simply because they were produced and bought.

GDP assumes that price of goods and services is the only factor while estimating GDP.And thereafter in passage, the author highlights that certain non-monetary factors that are also important are being ignored while estimating GDP.

On the basis of above I think E should be the right choice. But answer is D. Can you help
Hello, warrior1991. Your interpretation of the sentence is fine enough, but your conclusion is wayward. The passage never proposes any kind of alternative way of calculating the GDP, so suggests a revision in answer choice (E) is incorrect. Rather, the passage merely points out that economic factors other than those goods and services involved in monetary transactions exist. Thus, the problem or flaw is exposed in the method of calculating the GDP, but without any recommendation as to what should be done about it.

I hope that helps clarify the matter. Thank you for thinking to ask me.

- Andrew
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Re: The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the dollar value of f [#permalink]
please explain for question 2 why option A is not correct
(A) It describes an assumption about the GDP that is defended in the course of the passage.

IMO, "GDP assumes that the economic significance of goods and services lies solely in their price" This assumption leads to inaccurate measurement of GDP. So this means it is later defended in the passage.
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Re: The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the dollar value of f [#permalink]
Sneha2021
please explain for question 2 why option A is not correct
(A) It describes an assumption about the GDP that is defended in the course of the passage.

IMO, "GDP assumes that the economic significance of goods and services lies solely in their price" This assumption leads to inaccurate measurement of GDP. So this means it is later defended in the passage.

Official Explanation

2. Which of the following best describes the function of the second sentence of the passage in the context of the passage as a whole?

Difficulty Level: Medium

Explanation

Answering this question requires understanding how a particular part of the passage functions in the passage as a whole. Te second sentence describes the GDP as being solely concerned with the prices of goods and services produced in the United States, aside from any other kind of value. The passage then goes on to imply that by ignoring value other than price, the GDP may actually mask problems present in the nation’s overall economy.

A. The passage is concerned with calling into question the use of the GDP, not defending it.

B. The passage does not mention how the GDP came to be used as a primary economic indicator.

C. The passage does not describe the function of the GDP as being commonly misunderstood.

D. Correct. The limitations of the GDP as described in the second sentence are then, in the rest of the passage, tied to problems in the United States.

E. The passage makes no explicit recommendations about revising how the GDP is measured.

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At the 15:17 mark on this video, I discuss strategies for finding the Main Idea and answering QUESTION #1. This passage has some important keywords that are helpful to pick up on as you read the passage for the first time!

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Re: The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the dollar value of f [#permalink]
can you explain question no.3
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The Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which measures the dollar value of f [#permalink]
KarishmaB GMATNinja AjiteshArun DmitryFarber ExpertsGlobal5
mikemcgary

I have doubt in Q3 between options B and C.

(B) It is not accurately captured by the price of those goods and services.
(C) It is usually less than the intrinsic value of those goods and services.

I am not clear on why option C is incorrect. Isn't it one possible case of Option B and that too on the lower side. As per option B, not accurate could mean either higher or lower and Option C is talking about lower case which makes sense. Please let me know gap in understanding.
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