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The interview is an essential part of a successful hiring program beca

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Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

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Question No.: 52
Page: 137
Difficulty:


The interview is an essential part of a successful hiring program because, with it, job applicants who have personalities that are unsuited to the requirements of the job will be eliminated from consideration.

The argument above logically depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) A hiring program will be successful if it includes interviews.
(B) The interview is a more important part of a successful hiring program than is the development of a job description.
(C) Interviewers can accurately identify applicants whose personalities are unsuited to the requirements of the job.
(D) The only purpose of an interview is to evaluate whether job applicants’ personalities are suited to the requirements of the job.
(E) The fit of job applicants’ personalities to the requirements of the job was once the most important factor in making hiring decisions

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Originally posted by PTK on 09 May 2011, 12:09.
Last edited by Vyshak on 10 Jun 2017, 12:33, edited 3 times in total.
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New post 09 May 2011, 12:35
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+1 C

A - We cannot conclude that. There are other factors.
B - Out of scope.
C - It explains why interviews are important. - Correct.
D - Too extreme.
E - This information cannot be supported by the argument.
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New post 09 May 2011, 21:43
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C, negating it clearly crashes the conclusion.
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New post 16 Sep 2011, 14:30
I picked C...not that difficult
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New post 20 Sep 2011, 22:30
An easy C. Did it in less than a minute. We need to pick an option which negates the conclusion. C does that.
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New post 06 Jan 2012, 08:22
Quite an easy one. C is the answer.
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New post 23 Mar 2012, 16:44
I have chosen the answer C:

A. This cannot be concluded by looking at the argument. It seems to suggest that if you have interviews, the program will be 100% successful.

B. Nowhere is the prioritization mentioned.

C. This is the correct answer. It is an assumption to support the premise "job applications who have personalities that are unsuited to the requirements of the job will be eliminated from consideration." Without this assumption, there would be a major flaw in the argument.

D. "The ONLY purpose" is a very extreme answer. From the passage, it is not a guarantee that the only reason to perform an interview is to evaluate an individuals personality.

E. "Was once" makes it sound like personality is not as important as it used to be. Also, you cannot be sure that it used to be the most important factor in making hiring decisions.
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New post 23 Mar 2012, 20:54
+ 1 C

Agree with 'Metallicafan' explanation. C is the best option
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New post 15 Aug 2012, 00:02
The interview is an essential part of a successful hiring program because, with it, job applicants who have personalities that are unsuited to the requirements of the job will be eliminated from consideration.
The argument above logically depends on which of the following assumptions?
(A) A hiring program will be successful if it includes interviews.
(B) The interview is a more important part of a successful hiring program than is the development of a job description.
(C) Interviewers can accurately identify applicants whose personalities are unsuited to the requirements of the job.
(D) The only purpose of an interview is to evaluate whether job applicants’ personalities are suited to the requirements of the job.
(E) The fit of job applicants’ personalities to the requirements of the job was once the most important factor in making hiring decisions.
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New post 20 Aug 2012, 17:10
Clear Answer C: It passes negation test, bridges the logical gap between premise and conclusion and provide additional info.
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New post 20 Aug 2012, 22:46
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The interview is an essential part of a successful hiring program because, with it, job applicants who have personalities that are unsuited to the requirements of the job will be eliminated from consideration.

The argument above logically depends on which of the following assumptions?

The main point of this argument is that the interview is essential. The rest of the question tells us why.

(A) A hiring program will be successful if it includes interviews.
the main point is about the interview being essential and not about the success of a hiring program. Therefore, adding this to the argument is not going to strengthen it. :(

(B) The interview is a more important part of a successful hiring program than is the development of a job description.
if inserted as a premise, this statement does not strengthen the argument. :(

(C) Interviewers can accurately identify applicants whose personalities are unsuited to the requirements of the job.
this statement effectively strengthens the argument and is an example of a 'new idea'. Basically, this is a defender type assumption that if not included in the main stem lets people attack the argument on the grounds that interviewers may not be able to accurately identify suitable personalities for the job. If this were the case, then it can be shown that the interview is not really essential to the hiring process. :)

(D) The only purpose of an interview is to evaluate whether job applicants’ personalities are suited to the requirements of the job.
this is an extreme statement and one should always be wary of these on the GMAT. Also, this statement does not strengthen the argument. :(

(E) The fit of job applicants’ personalities to the requirements of the job was once the most important factor in making hiring decisions.
this statement to an extent weakens the argument a little. It implies that the applicant personality is not the most important factor anymore. Thus, one could question the importance of the interview in the hiring process. :(
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New post 26 Aug 2013, 23:05
On prethinking : p1: Interview essential to hiring of candidates --> job applicatins who are suited to the job requirements are considered rest eliminated .

So someone / interview must be able to see through and make this decision ... so i marked C ?
Which is indeed correct .
But i confused with D , it also seems correct only for the word "Only" - Which makes it too strong a statement ? Can you please guide me through this ?
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New post Updated on: 06 Oct 2013, 09:56
shelrod007 wrote:
On prethinking : p1: Interview essential to hiring of candidates --> job applicatins who are suited to the job requirements are considered rest eliminated .

So someone / interview must be able to see through and make this decision ... so i marked C ?
Which is indeed correct .
But i confused with D , it also seems correct only for the word "Only" - Which makes it too strong a statement ? Can you please guide me through this ?


Hi Shelrod,

Option D seems to strengthen the argument. IT also provides new information that is not there in the argument.

But an assumption must satisfy three characteristics. Option D satisfies the two as I mentioned above. What is the third characteristic?

The third characteristic is that an assumption must be true for the conclusion to hold true. So, if we negate the assumption, the our belief in the conclusion must gets shattered. Ok.

Now, let's negate option D.

To evaluate whether job applicants’ personalities are suited to the requirements of the job is not the only purpose of an interview.

So, there are possibly other purposes of an interview. But does that decrease or shatter your belief in the conclusion that an interview must be an essential part of successful hiring program?

The answer is NO. Just because an interview serves more than purpose does not make it any less likely to be an essential part of a successful hiring program. On the other hand, if an interview serves more than one purpose, then it seems more likely that it should be a part of the successful hiring program.

So, the negated option D does not shatter or decrease the belief in the conclusion.

Therefore, option D is not an assumption.

Does this help?

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Originally posted by egmat on 28 Aug 2013, 19:51.
Last edited by Narenn on 06 Oct 2013, 09:56, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 27 Feb 2015, 02:25
37 sec.... straight (C)

job applicants who have personalities that are unsuited to the requirements of the job will be eliminated
-> So HR must be able to discover such factors...

(A) A hiring program will be successful if it includes interviews.
(B) The interview is a more important part of a successful hiring program than is the development of a job description --> wrong comparison
(C) Interviewers can accurately identify applicants whose personalities are unsuited to the requirements of the job --> CORRECT. As assumed above.
(D) The only purpose of an interview is to evaluate whether job applicants’ personalities are suited to the requirements of the job --> we don't know what is the only purpose from the text
(E) The fit of job applicants’ personalities to the requirements of the job was once the most important factor in making hiring decisions --> can not be assumed from the text. We don't have any time indocators or time comparisons in the text
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New post Updated on: 05 Sep 2015, 11:41
The interview is an essential part of a successful hiring program because, with it, job applicants who have personalities that are unsuited to the requirements of the job will be eliminated from consideration.

The argument above logically depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) A hiring program will be successful if it includes interviews.
(B) The interview is a more important part of a successful hiring program than is the development of a job description.
(C) Interviewers can accurately identify applicants whose personalities are unsuited to the requirements of the job.
(D) The only purpose of an interview is to evaluate whether job applicants’ personalities are suited to the requirements of the job.
(E) The fit of job applicants’ personalities to the requirements of the job was once the most important factor in making hiring decisions



Originally posted by prep on 04 Sep 2015, 18:04.
Last edited by carcass on 05 Sep 2015, 11:41, edited 1 time in total.
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New post 04 Sep 2015, 18:44
prep wrote:
The interview is an essential part of a successful hiring program because, with it, job applicants who have personalities that are unsuited to the requirements of the job will be eliminated from consideration.

The argument above logically depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) A hiring program will be successful if it includes interviews.
(B) The interview is a more important part of a successful hiring program than is the development of a job description.
(C) Interviewers can accurately identify applicants whose personalities are unsuited to the requirements of the job.
(D) The only purpose of an interview is to evaluate whether job applicants’ personalities are suited to the requirements of the job.
(E) The fit of job applicants’ personalities to the requirements of the job was once the most important factor in making hiring decisions





Once you have answered the question, here is my doubt.


So this question states that interviewing is an essential part of the hiring process. Doesn't that mean, that hiring will be successful if it includes interviews? Why is this statement not the correct answer choice?

On the other hand, for option C, isn't it a little out of scope? Because there is no mention of any interviewers and their ability to identify candidates. so it isn't really in the scope of what is being discussed but on the other hand, option A clearly is within scope.

Am I missing anything? Experts please reply.

Please explain why I am wrong here.
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New post 04 Sep 2015, 19:17
prep wrote:
prep wrote:
The interview is an essential part of a successful hiring program because, with it, job applicants who have personalities that are unsuited to the requirements of the job will be eliminated from consideration.

The argument above logically depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) A hiring program will be successful if it includes interviews.
(B) The interview is a more important part of a successful hiring program than is the development of a job description.
(C) Interviewers can accurately identify applicants whose personalities are unsuited to the requirements of the job.
(D) The only purpose of an interview is to evaluate whether job applicants’ personalities are suited to the requirements of the job.
(E) The fit of job applicants’ personalities to the requirements of the job was once the most important factor in making hiring decisions





Once you have answered the question, here is my doubt.


So this question states that interviewing is an essential part of the hiring process. Doesn't that mean, that hiring will be successful if it includes interviews? Why is this statement not the correct answer choice?

On the other hand, for option C, isn't it a little out of scope? Because there is no mention of any interviewers and their ability to identify candidates. so it isn't really in the scope of what is being discussed but on the other hand, option A clearly is within scope.

Am I missing anything? Experts please reply.

Please explain why I am wrong here.



Hi Prep,

Regarding the option A that hiring program will be successful - we are not sure about it as there can be a possibility that none of the candidates were suited for the job, hence no one got selected. Thus we cannot assume the success or failure of the interview from the argument.

Option C - Gives us a link between interview and candidates suitability for the job as the interviewer will be able to select the candidate who is suitable for the job.

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New post 04 Sep 2015, 19:43
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prep
Though im not an expert, here's my 0.02$ :)
Please note this is an Assumption question. An assumption has to fill the 'logical gaps' or 'bridge the gaps'.

Passage analysis:
Premise: (because), with it, job applicants who have personalities that are unsuited to the requirements of the job will be eliminated from consideration.
Conclusion:The interview is an essential part of a successful hiring program

Analysis:
Interview can eliminate unsuitable applicants -------> Interview is essential

=>For above to hold true, the interview process needs to be sound
=>The interviewer needs to be sound
=>Interviewers is one of the missing link (basic requirement for an assumption) for the above relation to be true

Why is C correct:
(C) Interviewers can accurately identify applicants whose personalities are unsuited to the requirements of the job.
It does exactly the same as we thought. Makes sure that interviewers are sound. If we negate this, the argument will break.

Why is A wrong:
First of all this cannot be an assumption. It can be a strengthener or a 'may'-be-true though.
Here's how we can negate this and still not affect the argument:
Argument says that interview is an essential part and not a required part of a successful hiring program. Therefore we can still make our hiring program successful even if we do not include Interviews in it.

Please note that the negation test should always work on an assumption.

Hope this helps :)
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New post 04 Sep 2015, 21:05
It is good that you have recognized that option A is within scope and option C is somewhat out of scope.

And A is wrong for exactly the same reason. It is not adding much. It is just rephrasing the first line of the argument which says:

The interview is an essential part of a successful hiring program

An assumption has to bring something new to the argument which if not true breaks the argument. You should negation test whenever in doubt.

Let's use it on C.

Interviewers can NOT accurately identify applicants whose personalities are unsuited to the requirements of the job.

This breaks the argument since if interviewer cannot indentify suitable candidates then you cannot say that interviews can eliminate unsuitable candidates. And if interviews cannot eliminate unsuitable candidates then you cannot say that interviews are essential for a successful hiring program.

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New post 17 May 2016, 01:51
prep wrote:
The interview is an essential part of a successful hiring program because, with it, job applicants who have personalities that are unsuited to the requirements of the job will be eliminated from consideration.

The argument above logically depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) A hiring program will be successful if it includes interviews.
(B) The interview is a more important part of a successful hiring program than is the development of a job description.
(C) Interviewers can accurately identify applicants whose personalities are unsuited to the requirements of the job.
(D) The only purpose of an interview is to evaluate whether job applicants’ personalities are suited to the requirements of the job.
(E) The fit of job applicants’ personalities to the requirements of the job was once the most important factor in making hiring decisions





Personalities can easily be identified by the interviewer if he or she takes the interview.
so only option C matches with our thought.
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Re: The interview is an essential part of a successful hiring program beca &nbs [#permalink] 17 May 2016, 01:51

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