GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 12 Dec 2019, 00:49

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 27 May 2010
Posts: 5
GMAT ToolKit User
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 06 Aug 2019, 15:23
9
107
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

69% (01:32) correct 31% (01:42) wrong based on 3093 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide on a strategy.

(A) conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide

(B) conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding

(C) conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, deciding

(D) conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide

(E) conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, they decide

Originally posted by iDisappear on 28 Aug 2010, 12:21.
Last edited by Bunuel on 06 Aug 2019, 15:23, edited 3 times in total.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5197
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Feb 2011, 01:11
15
15
One essential feature of parallelism is that in compound sentences, which use connecters such as and, or, but etc, if the subject of the first part is also the subject of the second part, then we can omit the subject in the second part. (Executives in this case)

e.g.: Tom went to London and [strike]he[/strike] stayed for one month. Here ther is no need to repeat the pronoun he; It is in fact considered redundant.

Inflation stayed high before the central bank raised the interest rate but [strike](inflation / it)[/strike] dropped significantly soon after. We can drop the subject of the second part.
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't pole-vault above 630, spare 30 hours and you can fly on top.
"Winners never quit and quitters never win". (+919884544509)
Most Helpful Community Reply
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 21 Aug 2009
Posts: 35
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Aug 2010, 04:08
5
4
A. C, E are out because 'in using' and 'in their using' sounds awkward. \

B- Here examine and deciding are not parallel. Also the punctuation is incorrect. There is a comma before 'and' rather than after 'and'

D- they examine and ,using X, decide on Y

Hence answer must be D.
General Discussion
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 07 Jun 2010
Posts: 76
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Feb 2011, 21:45
1
2
I also have a question on this form. My understanding is that if you use the "and," form, the clause after the "and," must have a verb and subject. OA D seems to violate. Can anyone shed some light on this apparent contradiction?
Director
Director
avatar
Status: Impossible is not a fact. It's an opinion. It's a dare. Impossible is nothing.
Affiliations: University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Joined: 03 Feb 2011
Posts: 641
Reviews Badge
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Feb 2011, 22:30
4
2
I have highlighted your query - that structure is valid.
subject = executives
verb = examine, decide
and = conjunction

The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal
D. conditions and, [strike]using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses[/strike], decide

If you loose the non essentials in a sentence the meaning will not change. So I strike what is non essential i.e. between the commas. Now the meaning is executives examine and decide.
examine || decide. Hope that helps !

Pardon me for using bright colors :)
abmyers wrote:
I also have a question on this form. My understanding is that if you use the "and," form, the clause after the "and," must have a verb and subject. OA D seems to violate. Can anyone shed some light on this apparent contradiction?
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5197
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 May 2013, 23:09
6
1
IMO, this example is a kind of command subjunctive, wherein, the word suggests means almost to advise or give some kind of imperativeness as may be in a tuition or exercise class; Depending upon where it comes from, suggestion can be a mandate, such as when the Supreme Court or the Fed suggests something, it is rather an order than a request. Looked from that angle, the verb is not used as in an indicative mood, but in a subjunctive mood. So, in the use of subjunctive mood, verbs like can decide become irrelevant and incongruous. So we can see, why option D with the verb decide which is parallel to examine is the apt expression
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't pole-vault above 630, spare 30 hours and you can fly on top.
"Winners never quit and quitters never win". (+919884544509)
Manager
Manager
avatar
Status: ..and that's a wrap!!
Joined: 25 Dec 2012
Posts: 78
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
GMAT 1: 660 Q47 V34
GMAT 2: 720 Q49 V39
GPA: 3.36
WE: Supply Chain Management (Consumer Products)
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Dec 2013, 07:38
3
IMO it should be D.

...that executives examine A, and, modifier, decide B.

The modifier explains how decision B is made.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 20 Jan 2014
Posts: 139
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Marketing
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Oct 2014, 07:15
4
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective
criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide on a strategy.

Lets break the sentence into its clauses and phrases:
Clause-1 : The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests - Normative Model is the subject and suggests is the verb
Clause-2 : that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions - Executives is subject and examine is verb
Clause-3 : ,and
Phrase : - in using the set of objective criteria
Continuation of clause-3: they derive from these analyses,[color=#ed1c24] can decide on a strategy.
- They is subject and derive is verb. Can decide on a strategy is placed awkwardly and has no subject. So this sentence has modifier and S_V error[/color]

A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide - Wrong as explained above
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding - Parallelism issue- Executive examine should be || Executives decide
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, deciding - Deciding is not || to examine
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide correct choice- parallel.
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, they decide - No comma + and to connect two clauses
Board of Directors
User avatar
D
Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 4834
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
WE: Business Development (Commercial Banking)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Sep 2016, 01:56
1
lys8207 wrote:
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide on a strategy.

A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, deciding
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, they decide

Thanks.


SUBJUNCTIVE USAGE

The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide on a strategy.

Correct answer must be (D) for the highlighted errors in the other options...

_________________
Thanks and Regards

Abhishek....

PLEASE FOLLOW THE RULES FOR POSTING IN QA AND VA FORUM AND USE SEARCH FUNCTION BEFORE POSTING NEW QUESTIONS

How to use Search Function in GMAT Club | Rules for Posting in QA forum | Writing Mathematical Formulas |Rules for Posting in VA forum | Request Expert's Reply ( VA Forum Only )
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 03 Jan 2016
Posts: 73
WE: Operations (Manufacturing)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Oct 2016, 00:56
iDisappear wrote:
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a
firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective
criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide
on a strategy.
A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses,
can decide
B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in
deciding
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses,
deciding
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these
analyses, they decide


What is the intent of the author:
NM suggests two things:
executives examine X and Y
executives decide on some strategy.

This intent is not clear in Option A and is most clearly represented in Option D.
Now if we go by grammatical mistakes:
1. I need examine and decide parallel.
2. modifier in using bla bla bla should be separate from two parallel things in comma.

Now Option d remains.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 15 Jul 2016
Posts: 12
CAT Tests
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Oct 2016, 07:44
1
1
kuttingchai wrote:
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm's external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide on a strategy

A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide

B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analysis in deciding

C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, deciding

D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide

E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these analysis, they decide


The beginning of the sentence begins with "suggests", therefore it is in subjunctive mood. The sentence then follows with the verb "examine" in the subjunctive mood. In order to maintain parallelism (and subjunctive mood), the last verb "decide" must also be in subjunctive mood. Therefore only answer choice D follows.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 17 Feb 2014
Posts: 98
Location: United States (CA)
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35
GMAT 2: 740 Q48 V42
WE: Programming (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Feb 2017, 12:49
3
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide on a strategy.

Issues: Parallelism | Verb form

Analysis:
1. The core of the sentence: ".. model ... suggests that executives examine.. and decide ... "
- to maintain parallelism, we need to make sure that the entities separated by "and" are parallel i.e. clauses with same verb form (in this case).


A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide
- this option tries to draw parallel between "examine... " and "in using..." - NOT parallel
- also, "can decide..." is not properly connected to any of the clauses - fragment issue


B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding
- this option tries to draw parallel between "examine... " and "they use..." - NOT parallel

C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, deciding
- "in using..." is fragment that does not properly modify the clause following it.
- this option tries to draw parallel between "examine... " and "deciding......" - NOT parallel


D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide

E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, they decide
- this option tries to draw parallel between "examine... " and "they decide......" - NOT parallel[/color]

NOTE: I referenced OG and it does not focus on parallelism at all. It points out the redundant use of "they" to refer executives (in the same sentence) as being wordy. Based on this criteria (A), (B) and (E) can be eliminated. (C) can be eliminated because the structure in the sentence leaves second clause without a subject.

Answer: D.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 07 Sep 2016
Posts: 29
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Feb 2017, 07:09
Just checking if we have anything to check for position of "And" . Before comma or after comma?
While answering this question I had in my mind that and should come after comma .
Board of Directors
User avatar
V
Status: Stepping into my 10 years long dream
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 3564
Reviews Badge
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Mar 2017, 01:17
3
gmat4varun wrote:
Just checking if we have anything to check for position of "And" . Before comma or after comma?
While answering this question I had in my mind that and should come after comma .


Yes, comma before 'and' or after 'and' does matter here.

Let me explain you using option A and D.

Te rule says, if we remove the phrase between two commas, the remaining sentence must make sense.

Now, do it over A.
A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide --> Reread the original sentence using conditions can decide. You will find that the sentence has become a run on sentence. Hence, A is incorrect.

D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide --> Now do the same with this. You will find D does make sense here. Hence, correct answer.
_________________
My LinkedIn abhimahna.
My GMAT Story: From V21 to V40
My MBA Journey: My 10 years long MBA Dream
My Secret Hacks: Best way to use GMATClub | Importance of an Error Log!
Verbal Resources: All SC Resources at one place | All CR Resources at one place
Blog: Subscribe to Question of the Day Blog
GMAT Club Inbuilt Error Log Functionality - View More.
New Visa Forum - Ask all your Visa Related Questions - here.
New! Best Reply Functionality on GMAT Club!
Find a bug in the new email templates and get rewarded with 2 weeks of GMATClub Tests for free
Check our new About Us Page here.
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5197
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Jun 2017, 05:44
1
Top Contributor
4. The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide on a strategy.

A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide
B. conditions and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding
C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, deciding
D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide
E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, they decide

This is a deeply meaning -based question. That the executives decide is the crux of the matter. Therefore, we need to use a verb for the decision making part namely 'decide' rather than the participial 'deciding'

Get rid of B and C instantly.
Get rid of A for saying can decide, which denotes a capability rather than an occurrence. E is wrong for using a misleading idiom 'in using' as though they decide while using, during using, whereas the intent is to use the criteria to help decide the strategy.


This is an out and out a meaning based question in which the answer is beyond the utility of grammar alone.
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't pole-vault above 630, spare 30 hours and you can fly on top.
"Winners never quit and quitters never win". (+919884544509)
Retired Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: enjoying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 5197
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Aug 2017, 11:48
Top Contributor
The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that executives examine a firm’s external environment and internal conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses can decide on a strategy.


The first thing is that the standard theory of decision making postulates that the executives make SWOT analysis of the circumstances and the based on the outcome of this brainstorm devise a suitable strategy to tackle the issue at hand. The tenor of the theory is to command the participants to a set path. To this extent, this is a command subjunctive as the first verb has been marked in the bare infinitive "examine". Therefore, the second verb also is required to be in the bare infinitive namely 'decide'. Here one cannot take 'use' as parallel to examine as the analyses are themselves an outcome of the brainstorm. nor could 'derive' be parallel to examine since the verb 'derive' belongs to the relative clause ( that) they derive Thereof now,


A. conditions, and in using the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, can decide -- can decide is wrong. We don't use can in the command subjunctive

B. conditions, and they use the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses in deciding --use is required to be parallel verb to examine

C. conditions and, in using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, deciding --- The second part is an outright fragment

D. conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide --- the best

E. conditions and, in their use of the set of objective criteria they derive from these analyses, they decide --- in the executives' use of the set of objective criteria the executives derive from these analyses, the executives decide on a strategy -- awkward with too many pronouns nested within a clause
.
_________________
Are you stuck around 630? If you can't pole-vault above 630, spare 30 hours and you can fly on top.
"Winners never quit and quitters never win". (+919884544509)
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 01 Sep 2016
Posts: 185
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V35
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Sep 2017, 23:01
mikemcgarry: Dear Mike, can you please throw in some expertise why option B is wrong. I understand that option D is correct, and it is an easy pick. But, I am not able to find a strong reason to eliminate B. I knocked it off because it uses the phrase "use X in deciding Y", which means that X plays an indirect part in the process of Y AND if you use the phrase" use X to decide y", which means that X plays a direct role to decide about Y.

2. Another problem with B is that it makes the 2 clauses independent, while the two clauses have a connection between them. (clearly evident in D)

Are these reasons correct? Can you let me know please? Thanks always
_________________
we shall fight on the beaches,
we shall fight on the landing grounds,
we shall fight in the fields and in the streets,
we shall fight in the hills;
we shall never surrender!
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
User avatar
G
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4472
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Sep 2017, 11:46
5
bkpolymers1617 wrote:
mikemcgarry: Dear Mike, can you please throw in some expertise why option B is wrong. I understand that option D is correct, and it is an easy pick. But, I am not able to find a strong reason to eliminate B. I knocked it off because it uses the phrase "use X in deciding Y", which means that X plays an indirect part in the process of Y AND if you use the phrase" use X to decide y", which means that X plays a direct role to decide about Y.

2. Another problem with B is that it makes the 2 clauses independent, while the two clauses have a connection between them. (clearly evident in D)

Are these reasons correct? Can you let me know please? Thanks always

Dear bkpolymers1617,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

Choice (B) is grammatically and idiomatically correct, but it is not the best answer. The phrase "use X in deciding" and "use X to decide" are virtually identical in meaning: I disagree with your analysis of that difference.

Choice (B) is not the best answer because it's rhetorically inferior. It's clunky. The two independent clauses are grammatically correct, but why have two clauses with the extra pronoun subject? Choice (D) presents a much more elegant construction.

Does this make sense?
Mike :-)
_________________
Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep


Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)
Current Student
avatar
B
Joined: 17 Nov 2016
Posts: 13
Location: United States
Schools: Duke Fuqua
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V39
GPA: 3.3
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Oct 2017, 19:24
mikemcgarry wrote:
bkpolymers1617 wrote:
mikemcgarry: Dear Mike, can you please throw in some expertise why option B is wrong. I understand that option D is correct, and it is an easy pick. But, I am not able to find a strong reason to eliminate B. I knocked it off because it uses the phrase "use X in deciding Y", which means that X plays an indirect part in the process of Y AND if you use the phrase" use X to decide y", which means that X plays a direct role to decide about Y.

2. Another problem with B is that it makes the 2 clauses independent, while the two clauses have a connection between them. (clearly evident in D)

Are these reasons correct? Can you let me know please? Thanks always

Dear bkpolymers1617,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

Choice (B) is grammatically and idiomatically correct, but it is not the best answer. The phrase "use X in deciding" and "use X to decide" are virtually identical in meaning: I disagree with your analysis of that difference.

Choice (B) is not the best answer because it's rhetorically inferior. It's clunky. The two independent clauses are grammatically correct, but why have two clauses with the extra pronoun subject? Choice (D) presents a much more elegant construction.

Does this make sense?
Mike :-)


Hi mikemcgarry

Could you please explain me the modifier in choice D? conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide

Why can we say with certainty that it modifies executives? In this case, the ING modifier is not showing a result of a previous clause and is not touching executives (as when we say something like: "using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, executives blah blah blah").

Regards,
Cristián
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
P
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2930
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Oct 2017, 07:50
2
CristianJuarez wrote:

Hi mikemcgarry

Could you please explain me the modifier in choice D? conditions and, using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, decide

Why can we say with certainty that it modifies executives? In this case, the ING modifier is not showing a result of a previous clause and is not touching executives (as when we say something like: "using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses, executives blah blah blah").

Regards,
Cristián




Hello Cristián CristianJuarez,


I will be glad to help you out with this this one. :-)


The modifier using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses actually modifies the action decide that appears after this modifier.

How do the executives decide on a strategy? They do so by using the set of objective criteria derived from these analyses.

The modifier using the set... also makes sense with the doer of the modified action decide - executives.


The context and the structure of the sentence are such that the meaning conveyed by Choice D is clear.



Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________
GMAT Club Bot
Re: The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that   [#permalink] 09 Oct 2017, 07:50

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 28 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

The normative model of strategic decision-making suggests that

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne