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The odds are about 4 to 1 against surviving a takeover offer, and many

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Senior SC Moderator
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The odds are about 4 to 1 against surviving a takeover offer, and many  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2018, 09:55
2
1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

65% (01:25) correct 35% (01:27) wrong based on 205 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Project SC Butler: Day 22 Sentence Correction (SC1)


For SC butler Questions Click Here


The odds are about 4 to 1 against surviving a takeover offer, and many business consultants therefore advise that a company’s first line of defense in eluding offers like these be to even refuse to take calls from likely corporate raiders.

(A) that a company’s first line of defense in eluding offers like these be to even refuse

(B) that a company’s first line of defense in eluding such offers be to refuse even

(C) a company defending itself against offers of this kind that, as a first line of defense, they should even refuse

(D) companies which are defending themselves against such an offer that, as a first line of defense, they should even refuse

(E) that the first line of defense for a company who is eluding offers like these is the refusal even

NOTE: BEST or EXCELLENT answers must include the meaning of this sentence.
Please state the meaning in your own words. Merely repeating what you think is the correct answer
does not constitute "the meaning in your own words." :)

The best or excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
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Re: The odds are about 4 to 1 against surviving a takeover offer, and many  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2018, 10:32
1
generis wrote:
The odds are about 4 to 1 against surviving a takeover offer, and many business consultants therefore advise that a company’s first line of defense in eluding offers like these be to even refuse to take calls from likely corporate raiders.

(A) that a company’s first line of defense in eluding offers like these be to even refuse

(B) that a company’s first line of defense in eluding such offers be to refuse even

(C) a company defending itself against offers of this kind that, as a first line of defense, they should even refuse

(D) companies which are defending themselves against such an offer that, as a first line of defense, they should even refuse

(E) that the first line of defense for a company who is eluding offers like these is the refusal even



Meaning: The odds of surviving against a takeover is given. Business consultants say that the first line of defence against takeovers is to refuse to take calls from corporate raiders.

(A) that a company’s first line of defense in eluding offers like these be to even refuse - 'these' -plural- doesn't have any antecedent.

(B) that a company’s first line of defense in eluding such offers be to refuse even - Subjunctive, looks to be fine.

(C) a company defending itself against offers of this kind that, as a first line of defense, they should even refuse - Awkward construction and 'they' refers to 'company' which is wrong.

(D) companies which are defending themselves against such an offer that, as a first line of defense, they should even refuse - Awkward construction. Highlighted modifier seems to modify 'offer'.

(E) that the first line of defense for a company who is eluding offers like these is the refusal even. 'Who' is wrongly used to modify company and 'these' doesn't have any plural antecedent.

Cheers!
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Re: The odds are about 4 to 1 against surviving a takeover offer, and many  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2018, 12:00
The odds are about 4 to 1 against surviving a takeover offer, and many business consultants therefore advise that a company’s first line of defense in eluding offers like these be to even refuse to take calls from likely corporate raiders.

(A) that a company’s first line of defense in eluding offers like these be to even refuse (even refuse looks wrong)

(B) that a company’s first line of defense in eluding such offers be to refuse even (looks fine)

(C) a company defending itself against offers of this kind that, as a first line of defense, they should even refuse (wordy)

(D) companies which are defending themselves against such an offer that, as a first line of defense, they should even refuse (wordy + same mistake as A)

(E) that the first line of defense for a company who is eluding offers like these is the refusal even (passive)
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Re: The odds are about 4 to 1 against surviving a takeover offer, and many  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2018, 12:09
3
1
generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 22 Sentence Correction (SC1)


For SC butler Questions Click Here


The odds are about 4 to 1 against surviving a takeover offer, and many business consultants therefore advise that a company’s first line of defense in eluding offers like these be to even refuse to take calls from likely corporate raiders.

(A) that a company’s first line of defense in eluding offers like these be to even refuse

(B) that a company’s first line of defense in eluding such offers be to refuse even

(C) a company defending itself against offers of this kind that, as a first line of defense, they should even refuse

(D) companies which are defending themselves against such an offer that, as a first line of defense, they should even refuse

(E) that the first line of defense for a company who is eluding offers like these is the refusal even

NOTE: BEST or EXCELLENT answers must include the meaning of this sentence.
Please state the meaning in your own words. Merely repeating what you think is the correct answer
does not constitute "the meaning in your own words." :)

The best or excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.


Meaning:
The author implies that the odds are about 4 to 1 against surviving a takeover offer. This means that the chances to not survive the takeover are 4 times more than surviving it. So many of the business consultants advise that it is better to NOT take calls from "likely corporate raiders" i.e. who are expected to takeover your company. This is the first line of defence because if you don't take their calls, they won't make you an offer.

Like is used to express similarity when comparing only to nouns. Such as is used to list examples. Since the author has not listed any examples therefore, such offers is correct.
A and E are eliminated because of the use of like.
In C, they in they should even refuse refers to “a company”, which is incorrect. Pronoun “they” is plural whereas “a company” is singular. This is incorrect as well.
In D, defending along with defense is redundant. Moreover, a coma is missing after companies and before which. If “which” is replaced by “that”, then coma will not be required.
B is the correct answer since there is no error.
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The odds are about 4 to 1 against surviving a takeover offer, and many  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2018, 17:37
1
1
generis wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 22 Sentence Correction (SC1)




The odds are about 4 to 1 against surviving a takeover offer, and many business consultants therefore advise that a company’s first line of defense in eluding offers like these be to even refuse to take calls from likely corporate raiders.

(A) that a company’s first line of defense in eluding offers like these be to even refuse
(B) that a company’s first line of defense in eluding such offers be to refuse even
(C) a company defending itself against offers of this kind that, as a first line of defense, they should even refuse
(D) companies which are defending themselves against such an offer that, as a first line of defense, they should even refuse
(E) that the first line of defense for a company who is eluding offers like these is the refusal even

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION
Quote:
My clarifying comments are in blue typeface.


• Choice A is awkward :thumbdown: :thumbup: and poorly phrased: these has no plural noun to which it can refer, and
even should be placed immediately before to take calls, the phrase it modifies

• Choice B is best

• In C
the plural they does not agree with the singular company
even is misplaced [just as "even" is misplaced in option A]
and advise . . . that . . . they SHOULD is unidiomatic [because "advise" is used as a bossy verb, a context in which command subjunctive is required ]

• D has the plural companies [which is correct] but D retains the other flaws of C

• In E
who in place of that is an inappropriate pronoun for company ["who" is never used to refer to things, and always used to refer to people]
these does not agree with the singular offer, and
"is the refusal" should be "be to refuse" [in order to construct the command subjunctive correctly as is done in option B]

GENERAL COMMENTS

Official explanation

• I highlighted "awkward" and gave it mixed reviews in the explanation of option A
-- Good news :thumbup: : the author specifies why option A is "awkward."
The placement of "even" is incorrect.
-- Bad news :thumbdown: Writers of official explanations for GMAT questions use "awkward" imprecisely, cryptically, and inconsistently.

Option A is "awkward" because it is
-- either "correct in meaning but clumsily constructed"
-- or "constructed in a way that changes the meaning"

Thumbs up because "awkward" is explained.
Thumbs down because I do not encourage people to use "awkward"
as a reason to eliminate choices unless they are down to two correct options.
In that case, rhetoric and style make the difference, and lack of awkwardness creates better rhetorical effect.

The command subjunctive
"Advise" is a bossy verb in this context that requires "command subjunctive" construction.

That construction must be:

bossy verb + THAT + subject + bare/base infinitive (remove the word "to": to talk => talk; to refuse => refuse)

advises + THAT + companies + REFUSE

• "should" never belongs in the command subjunctive construction. A command implies "should."
• the command subjunctive does not use the conjugated verb after the THAT.
-- In option E, in other words, one problem is the use of "is the refusal."
Change the word is to the word be, and the command subjunctive is satisfied.
BE is the bare infinitive of TO BE.

THIS POST by GMAT Club founder bb is an excellent synopsis of the command subjunctive construction.

THIS POST discusses a specific example of that same construction.

**************
Prateekj05 constructed the best meaning of the sentence in his own words:
Meaning:
The author implies that the odds are about 4 to 1 against surviving a takeover offer. This means that the chances to not survive the takeover are 4 times more than surviving it. So many of the business consultants advise that it is better to NOT take calls from "likely corporate raiders" i.e. who are expected to takeover your company. This is the first line of defence because if you don't take their calls, they won't make you an offer.

The task is to explain. He did, in plain English.
Analysis of options is very good. I am torn about no mention of subjunctive.

habeebbaig , I'm glad you posted. :)

Diwakar003 , you mentioned "subjunctive," a subject that I think is important.
(The OE writer does, too.)

Best answer: Prateekj05
GMAT Club Bot
The odds are about 4 to 1 against surviving a takeover offer, and many &nbs [#permalink] 29 Nov 2018, 17:37
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The odds are about 4 to 1 against surviving a takeover offer, and many

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