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The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster drug may have

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The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster drug may have  [#permalink]

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The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster drug may have contributed to the recent outbreak of skin rashes experienced by its users and, having pulled the drug off the market, caused a sharp drop in the company’s share price.


(A) users and, having pulled the drug off the market, caused

(B) users and pulled the drug off the market, causing

(C) users and had pulled the drug off the market, causing

(D) users, pulled the drug off the market, and caused

(E) users and has pulled the drug off the market, which has caused


Verbal Question of The Day: Day 80: Sentence Correction


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Originally posted by souvik101990 on 11 Aug 2017, 10:30.
Last edited by Bunuel on 02 Nov 2018, 03:27, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster drug may have  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2017, 10:31
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This one is all about parallelism and meaning. Several of the answer choices sound pretty good, but only one of them actually makes sense if you’re strict and literal with the meaning of the sentence.

Quote:
(A) users and, having pulled the drug off the market, caused

I don’t love the sound of “having pulled the drug off the market”, but I can’t be certain that it’s wrong. “Having pulled the drug off the market” needs to precede some other action – and “caused a sharp drop in the share price” seems to work fine. So I guess that part is OK.

But the parallelism is a problem. The word “caused” follows the parallelism trigger “and”, so something has to be parallel with “caused” – I guess that’s either “contributed” or “conceded.”

Neither of those options makes a lot of sense, though. “The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster drug may have contributed to the recent outbreak… and caused a sharp drop in the company’s share price. Basically, that’s saying that the company directly caused the drop in the share price, and that’s not quite right – it was the combination of the skin rashes and pulling the drug off the market that caused the drop.

It makes even less sense for “caused” to be parallel to “contributed.” “The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster drug may have contributed to the recent outbreak… and caused a sharp drop in the company’s share price.” That’s saying that the drug itself “may have caused” the drop, and that’s not right, either – again, it was the combination of the skin rashes and pulling the drug off the market that caused the drop.

So (A) is out.

Quote:
(B) users and pulled the drug off the market, causing

This is much better! The company “conceded… and pulled the drug off the market.” “Causing” is an –ing modifier (more on those here, and it modifies that entire previous clause. That’s great: the entire story (pharma company’s drug causes rashes, so the firm pulls the drug off the market) is causing the drop in share prices. Keep (B).

Quote:
(C) users and had pulled the drug off the market, causing

Only difference here is the use of the past perfect “had pulled.” For this to be correct, the drug would have been pulled off the market first – before the actions in simple past tense (“conceded that its blockbuster drug may have caused skin rashes…”). And that makes no sense. (C) is gone.

Quote:
(D) users, pulled the drug off the market, and caused

Now everything is parallel! So we have “The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster drug may have contributed to the recent outbreak…, pulled the drug off the market, and caused a sharp drop…” That might sound OK, but it doesn’t actually make sense. Why would these three actions be parallel to each other? The pharma company didn’t directly cause the drop in the share prices – it’s the entire situation that caused it. (B) conveys this meaning much more clearly, so we can eliminate (D).

Quote:
(E) users and has pulled the drug off the market, which has caused

This one is nice, because it’s so clearly wrong. “Which has caused” seems to be modifying “the market”, and that makes no sense. I also can’t really understand why “has pulled” and “has caused” are suddenly in present perfect tense; the mix of verb tenses and modifiers in (B) is much better. (E) is out, and (B) wins.
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Re: The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster drug may have  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 11 Aug 2017, 16:37
souvik101990 wrote:

Verbal Question of The Day: Day 80: Sentence Correction


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The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster drug may have contributed to the recent outbreak of skin rashes experienced by its users and, having pulled the drug off the market, caused a sharp drop in the company’s share price.

(A) users and, having pulled the drug off the market, caused
(B) users and pulled the drug off the market, causing
(C) users and had pulled the drug off the market, causing
(D) users, pulled the drug off the market, and caused
(E) users and has pulled the drug off the market, which has caused

Every question of the day will be followed by an expert reply by GMATNinja in 12-15 hours. Stay tuned! Post your answers and explanations to earn kudos.


C should be the correct answer IMO.
1. "had pulled" is required to show that the action happened before "causing" the effect in the residual part of the sentence.
2. -ing modifier is aptly used to show the effect.

For others
(A) users and, having pulled the drug off the market, caused
(B) users and pulled the drug off the market, causing
(C) users and had pulled the drug off the market, causing
(D) users, pulled the drug off the market, and caused
(E) users and has pulled the drug off the market, which has caused

Please tell me, if I'm wrong. :)

Will I get kudos for this? :o
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Originally posted by rekhabishop on 11 Aug 2017, 16:34.
Last edited by rekhabishop on 11 Aug 2017, 16:37, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster drug may have  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2017, 05:45
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The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster drug may have contributed to the recent outbreak of skin rashes experienced by its users and, having pulled the drug off the market, caused a sharp drop in the company’s share price.

1. Here company did 2 things: accepted something and pulled the drug out of market. So "conceded" and "pulled" should be parallel.
2. We do not need a perfect tense since the actions are not done in a sequential order.
3. Since company did 2 actions, we need "and" in the sentence to join the two actions and link them with the company.
Thus, option "B" has to be correct.


(A) users and, having pulled the drug off the market, caused - the striked part in the sentence becomes non-essential information. Thus the meaning of the sentence is "company conceded something and caused the shares to drop". This is absurd. Company can't cause a drop in shares, the action of drug being pulled out of market led to drop in share price.
(B) users and pulled the drug off the market, causing -Correct as per aforesaid explanation
(C) users and had pulled the drug off the market, causing -We do not need a past perfect tense
(D) users, pulled the drug off the market, and caused -Same as option A
(E) users and has pulled the drug off the market, which has caused -which wrongly refers back to market. We need a participle which will explain the impact of removal of the drug from market on the share price. "has" is wrongly used. We do not need a present perfect tense. It should be simple past.
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Re: The pharmaceutical company conceded that its blockbuster drug may have &nbs [#permalink] 12 Aug 2017, 05:45
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