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The reams of studies and drafts documented by Gustave Eiffel

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The reams of studies and drafts documented by Gustave Eiffel [#permalink]

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Question Stats:

46% (00:58) correct 54% (01:12) wrong based on 542 sessions

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The reams of studies and drafts documented by Gustave Eiffel indicate that the design of the Eiffel Tower generally emerged not in a rapid manner but developed painstakingly from multiple trial prototypes.

(A) emerged not in a rapid manner but developed painstakingly
(B) emerged not in a rapid manner but was painstakingly developed
(C) did not emerge in a rapid manner but developed painstakingly
(D) did not emerge in a rapid manner but had painstakingly developed
(E) did not emerge in a rapid manner but it was painstakingly developed

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Don't read my issue with the official answer before solving the problem.

Is the official answer's meaning correct?
I feel that the OA implies that "the design" does 2 things:
1- The design did not emerge... (which seems fine to me)
2- The design developed ...
I feel that the OA says "the design" actually developed something instead of being developed. Shouldn't "developed" be in passive voice ( was developed)?
The OA mentions that one reason B is wrong is that the passive voice is inappropriate:
"Answer choice B makes a similar error in parallel structure to that of the original sentence; further, the passive voice 'were developed' is inappropriate."

By the way the OA says ' were developed' instead of 'was developed' when it quotes choice B.


[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Correct Answer: C

The correct answer to this question is C. The original sentence possesses a Sentence Construction error in parallel structure. The original sentence contains the construction 'not...but.' As such, the words that directly follow 'not' must be parallel with those that directly follow 'but.' In the original sentence, 'not' is followed by the prepositional phrase 'in a rapid manner' and 'but' is followed by the verb 'developed', making answer choice A incorrect. Answer choice B makes a similar error in parallel structure to that of the original sentence; further, the passive voice 'were developed' is inappropriate. Answer choice C is the correct answer, as 'not' and 'but' are both followed by verbs; further, the verbs 'did...emerge' and 'developed' are parallel, both in the simple past tense.' In answer choice D, 'had developed' uses the incorrect past perfect verb form; further, this verb form is not parallel with the verb 'did...emerge.' Answer choice E makes a similar error in parallel structure to that of A and B.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: The reams of studies and drafts documented by Gustave Eiffel [#permalink]

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I believe "developed" is being used here as an intransitive verb--or, precisely, as an ergative verb.

Intransitive verbs do not have objects, so the sentence is not suggesting that the design developed something, just that it developed, period.

Consider the following sentences:

(1) John broke the window.
(2) The window broke.

Either is okay, and we don't think that the window broke anything in the latter case. The relevant part of the item in question could read:

(1) Gustave Eiffel developed the design.
(2) The design developed.

Hope that helps!
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Re: The reams of studies and drafts documented by Gustave Eiffel [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2013, 11:12
yes i understand now. it is the same as saying ' the child is developing'. to be honest, it seems pretty obvious to me now. :D
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Re: The reams of studies and drafts documented by Gustave Eiffel [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2013, 12:01
amostofi1999 wrote:
yes i understand now. it is the same as saying ' the child is developing'. to be honest, it seems pretty obvious to me now. :D


No worries. These items can be pretty tricky to spot when there is so much going on in the sentence. I'm glad I could be of some help.
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Re: The reams of studies and drafts documented by Gustave Eiffel [#permalink]

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New post 25 Nov 2013, 02:51
Agree with C. Both "did not emerge" and "developed" are parallel in the construction "not X but Y".

Rest of the choices have either parallelism errors or passive constructions.
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Re: The reams of studies and drafts documented by Gustave Eiffel [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jun 2015, 02:52
VeritasPrepKarishma:

Is the use of had correct in option choice D, because there is already a word in past perfect tense, so had can be used??
Please guide me on this.
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Re: The reams of studies and drafts documented by Gustave Eiffel [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2017, 23:18
Can an expert please comment on the difference between painstakingly developed and developed painstakingly.
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Re: The reams of studies and drafts documented by Gustave Eiffel [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2017, 11:52
[quote="amostofi1999"]The reams of studies and drafts documented by Gustave Eiffel indicate that the design of the Eiffel Tower generally emerged not in a rapid manner but developed painstakingly from multiple trial prototypes.

(A) emerged not in a rapid manner but developed painstakingly
(B) emerged not in a rapid manner but was painstakingly developed
(C) did not emerge in a rapid manner but developed painstakingly
(D) did not emerge in a rapid manner but had painstakingly developed
(E) did not emerge in a rapid manner but it was painstakingly developed

emerged not in..........but developed.......not parallel

same prob in b

did........emerged

did...had...not parallel

it.......pronoun error in E

hope it helps....
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Re: The reams of studies and drafts documented by Gustave Eiffel [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2017, 22:57
Why exactly is B incorrect ? Can someone explain?
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Re: The reams of studies and drafts documented by Gustave Eiffel [#permalink]

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The reams of studies and drafts documented by Gustave Eiffel indicate that the design of the Eiffel Tower generally emerged not in a rapid manner but developed painstakingly from multiple trial prototypes.

(A) emerged not in a rapid manner but developed painstakingly - parallelism issue - Not X, but Y - X and Y need to be parallel
(B) emerged not in a rapid manner but was painstakingly developed - parallelism issue -
(C) did not emerge in a rapid manner but developed painstakingly - Correct
(D) did not emerge in a rapid manner but had painstakingly developed - parallelism issue
(E) did not emerge in a rapid manner but it was painstakingly developed - parallelism issue - usage of it disrupts parallelism, also emerge is not parallel to was developed

Answer C
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Re: The reams of studies and drafts documented by Gustave Eiffel [#permalink]

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New post 23 Nov 2017, 12:03
T700ISB wrote:
Why exactly is B incorrect ? Can someone explain?


since the idiom not X but Y is used, the parallel must be maintained.
Re: The reams of studies and drafts documented by Gustave Eiffel   [#permalink] 23 Nov 2017, 12:03
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